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    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Sule, Abubakar Sani and Haour, Anne 2014. The archaeology of northern Nigeria: trade, people and polities, 1500 BP onwards. Azania: Archaeological Research in Africa, Vol. 49, Issue. 4, p. 439.


    2013. Geschichte Afrikas im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert.


    Ogundiran, Akinwumi 2005. Four Millennia of Cultural History in Nigeria (ca. 2000 B.C.–A.D. 1900): Archaeological Perspectives. Journal of World Prehistory, Vol. 19, Issue. 2, p. 133.


    Ogundiran, Akinwumi O. 2001. Ceramic Spheres and Regional Networks in the Yoruba-Edo Region, Nigeria, 13th–19th Centuries A.C.. Journal of Field Archaeology, Vol. 28, Issue. 1-2, p. 27.


    Insoll, Timothy and Shaw, Thurstan 1997. Gao and Igbo-Ukwu: Beads, interregional trade, and beyond. African Archaeological Review, Vol. 14, Issue. 1, p. 9.


    Allsworth-Jones, P. 1996. Continuity and Change in Yoruba Pottery. Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, Vol. 59, Issue. 02, p. 312.


    Klein, A. Norman 1996. Toward a new understanding of Akan origins. Africa, Vol. 66, Issue. 02, p. 248.


    Stahl, Ann Brower 1994. Innovation, diffusion, and culture contact: The holocene archaeology of Ghana. Journal of World Prehistory, Vol. 8, Issue. 1, p. 51.


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Recent Archaeological Research and Dates from West Africa

  • Susan Keech McIntosh (a1) and Roderick J. McIntosh (a1)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021853700023252
  • Published online: 01 January 2009
Abstract

This article reports over 250 new radiocarbon dates relevant to recent archaeological research in West Africa. Thanks to the continuing trend towards series of dates from either single sites or groups of related sites, some major blanks on the archaeological map of West Africa have been replaced by well-dated regional sequences. An example is the Malian Sahara, where palaeoenvironmental and archaeological investigations at a large number of sites have clarified the relationship between Holocene climatic change and Late Stone Age occupation. Other areas that were largely archaeological unknowns until the research reported in this article was undertaken include the middle Senegal valley, the Inland Niger Delta, and the Bassar region in Togo. Other research included here reinterprets previously studied, ‘classic’ Late Stone Age sequences, such as Adrar Bous, Kintampo and Tichitt. There are also new dates and details for early copper in Niger and Mauritania which prompt a reconsideration of the true nature of this proposed ‘Copper Age’. Of particular significance to general reconstructions of West African prehistory is the documentation of regional and long-distance trade accompanying the emergence of complex societies along the Middle Senegal and Middle Niger in the first millennium A.D.

The article begins with a brief commentary on calibration, in view of the recent publication of high-precision calibration curves. Several prevalent misconceptions of what calibration is and what it ought to do are addressed. We suggest that archaeologists and historians should routinely make reference to calibration in order to avoid misinterpreting radiocarbon results.

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This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

N. Petit-Maire , J. C. Celles , D. Commelin , G. Delibrias and M. Raimbault , ‘The Sahara in northern Mali: man and his environment between 10,000 and 3,500 years bp’, Afr. Arch. Rev., 1 (1983) 105125

R. Chenorkian , ‘Ivory Coast prehistory: some recent developments’, Afr. Arch. Rev., 1 (1983), 127142.

J. Devisse , ‘L'apport de l'archéologie a l'histoire de l'Afrique Occidentale entre le Ve et le XIIe siècle’, C. R. Acad. Inscrip. et Belles-lettres (Paris1982) 156177.

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The Journal of African History
  • ISSN: 0021-8537
  • EISSN: 1469-5138
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-african-history
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