Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 52
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Saanane, Charles Bernard 2016. Preliminary Report on Early Settlements and Archaeological Materials from Lindi Rural District, Lindi Region, Southeastern Tanzania. International Journal of Geosciences, Vol. 07, Issue. 05, p. 655.


    Weir, William Capewell, Paul Foth, Bernardo Clucas, Caroline Pountain, Andrew Steketee, Pieter Veitch, Nicola Koffi, Mathurin De Meeûs, Thierry Kaboré, Jacques Camara, Mamadou Cooper, Anneli Tait, Andy Jamonneau, Vincent Bucheton, Bruno Berriman, Matt and MacLeod, Annette 2016. Population genomics reveals the origin and asexual evolution of human infective trypanosomes. eLife, Vol. 5,


    Bostoen, Koen Clist, Bernard Doumenge, Charles Grollemund, Rebecca Hombert, Jean-Marie Muluwa, Joseph Koni and Maley, Jean 2015. Middle to Late Holocene Paleoclimatic Change and the Early Bantu Expansion in the Rain Forests of Western Central Africa. Current Anthropology, Vol. 56, Issue. 3, p. 354.


    Iles, Louise and Lyaya, Edwinus 2015. Making metals in East Africa and beyond: archaeometallurgy inAzania, 1966–2015. Azania: Archaeological Research in Africa, Vol. 50, Issue. 4, p. 481.


    Iles, Louise and Lane, Paul 2015. Iron production in second millennium AD pastoralist contexts on the Laikipia Plateau, Kenya. Azania: Archaeological Research in Africa, Vol. 50, Issue. 3, p. 372.


    Klein, Robert R. Miller, Frederick R. Dugas, Diana V. Brown, Patrick J. Burrell, A. Millie and Klein, Patricia E. 2015. Allelic variants in the PRR37 gene and the human-mediated dispersal and diversification of sorghum. Theoretical and Applied Genetics, Vol. 128, Issue. 9, p. 1669.


    Lucas, Robert E.B. 2015.


    Marchant, Rob and Lane, Paul 2014. Past perspectives for the future: foundations for sustainable development in East Africa. Journal of Archaeological Science, Vol. 51, p. 12.


    Rowold, Diane Garcia-Bertrand, Ralph Calderon, Silvia Rivera, Luis Benedico, David Perez Alfonso Sanchez, Miguel A. Chennakrishnaiah, Shilpa Varela, Mangela and Herrera, Rene J. 2014. At the southeast fringe of the Bantu expansion: genetic diversity and phylogenetic relationships to other sub-Saharan tribes. Meta Gene, Vol. 2, p. 670.


    Lézine, Anne-Marie Holl, Augustin F.-C. Lebamba, Judicaël Vincens, Annie Assi-Khaudjis, Chimène Février, Louis and Sultan, Émmanuelle 2013. Temporal relationship between Holocene human occupation and vegetation change along the northwestern margin of the Central African rainforest. Comptes Rendus Geoscience, Vol. 345, Issue. 7-8, p. 327.


    Sletten, Hillary R. Railsback, L. Bruce Liang, Fuyuan Brook, George A. Marais, Eugene Hardt, Benjamin F. Cheng, Hai and Edwards, R. Lawrence 2013. A petrographic and geochemical record of climate change over the last 4600years from a northern Namibia stalagmite, with evidence of abruptly wetter climate at the beginning of southern Africa's Iron Age. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, Vol. 376, p. 149.


    Zhuravleva, I Turubanova, S Potapov, P Hansen, M Tyukavina, A Minnemeyer, S Laporte, N Goetz, S Verbelen, F and Thies, C 2013. Satellite-based primary forest degradation assessment in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, 2000–2010. Environmental Research Letters, Vol. 8, Issue. 2, p. 024034.


    de Luna, Kathryn M. 2012. Surveying the Boundaries of Historical Linguistics and Archaeology: Early Settlement in South Central Africa. African Archaeological Review, Vol. 29, Issue. 2-3, p. 209.


    Schoenbrun, David 2012. Mixing, Moving, Making, Meaning: Possible Futures for the Distant Past. African Archaeological Review, Vol. 29, Issue. 2-3, p. 293.


    MONTANO, VALERIA FERRI, GIANMARCO MARCARI, VERONICA BATINI, CHIARA ANYAELE, OKORIE DESTRO-BISOL, GIOVANNI and COMAS, DAVID 2011. The Bantu expansion revisited: a new analysis of Y chromosome variation in Central Western Africa. Molecular Ecology, Vol. 20, Issue. 13, p. 2693.


    Delius, Peter and Schoeman, Maria 2010. Introduction. African Studies, Vol. 69, Issue. 2, p. 207.


    Behar, Doron M. Villems, Richard Soodyall, Himla Blue-Smith, Jason Pereira, Luisa Metspalu, Ene Scozzari, Rosaria Makkan, Heeran Tzur, Shay Comas, David Bertranpetit, Jaume Quintana-Murci, Lluis Tyler-Smith, Chris Wells, R. Spencer and Rosset, Saharon 2008. The Dawn of Human Matrilineal Diversity. The American Journal of Human Genetics, Vol. 82, Issue. 5, p. 1130.


    Henige, David 2007. Double, Double, Toil, and Trouble: the Ergonomics of African History. History in Africa, Vol. 34, p. 103.


    Maho, J. 2006. Encyclopedia of Language & Linguistics.


    Nurse, D. 2006. Encyclopedia of Language & Linguistics.


    ×

The Problem of the Bantu Expansion

Abstract

This paper outlines four stages of the Bantu expansion: first, the initial push through the equatorial forest from the northern to the southern woodlands; second, the occupation of the southern woodland belt from coast to coast; third, the colonization of the Tanzania, Kenya and southern Somali coastline and of the northern sector of the lake region; fourth, the colonization south-wards, north-westwards and north-eastwards from this extended nucleus. The evidence for the first stage is largely linguistic and is likely to remain so. The outlines of the fourth stage can be established very largely from traditional evidence. It is for chronological data concerning the second and third stages that we can now turn hopefully to archaeology. In both these stages the Bantu expansion seems to have coincided fairly closely with the spread of the Iron Age; and, if the spread of the Iron Age through the area north of the southern woodlands can now be traced in something like the detail which we already have for Zambia and Rhodesia, the mystery of the Bantu expansion will have been largely unravelled.

Copyright
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

The Journal of African History
  • ISSN: 0021-8537
  • EISSN: 1469-5138
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-african-history
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×