Aggarwal, P. & Goswami, B. (2003). Bed planting system for increasing water use efficiency of wheat (Triticum aestivum) grown in Inceptisol (Typic Ustochrept). Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences
Akbar, G., Hamilton, G., Hussain, Z. & Yasin, M. (2007). Problems and potentials of permanent raised bed cropping systems in Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Water Research
Ali, M. (1999). Evaluation of green manure technology in tropical lowland rice systems. Field Crops Research
Aquino, P. (1998). The Adoption of Bed Planting of Wheat in the Yaqui Valley, Sonora, Mexico. Wheat Program Special Report No. 17a. Mexico, DF: CIMMYT.
Astatke, A., Jabbar, M., Mohamed Saleem, M. A. & Erkossa, T. (2002). Technical and economic performance of animal-drawn implements for minimum tillage: experience on vertisols in Ethiopia. Experimental Agriculture
Aulakh, M. S. & Singh, B. (1997). Nitrogen losses and fertilizer N use efficiency in irrigated porous soils. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems
Bhattacharyya, R., Prakash, V., Kundu, S. & Gupta, H. S. (2006). Effect of tillage and crop rotations on pore size distribution and soil hydraulic conductivity in sandy clay loam soil of the Indian Himalayas. Soil and Tillage Research
Bhattacharyya, R., Kundu, S., Pandey, S. C., Singh, K. P. & Gupta, H. S. (2008). Tillage and irrigation effects on crop yields and soil properties under rice–wheat system of the Indian Himalayas. Agricultural Water Management
Bhattacharyya, R., Prakash, V., Kundu, S., Srivastva, A. K. & Gupta, H. S. (2009). Soil aggregation and organic matter in a sandy clay loam soil of the Indian Himalayas under different tillage and crop regimes. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment
Bhattacharyya, R., Tuti, M. D., Kundu, S., Bisht, J. K. & Bhatt, J. C. (2012
a). Conservation tillage impacts on soil aggregation and carbon pools in a sandy clay loam soil of the Indian Himalayas. Soil Science Society of America Journal
Bhattacharyya, R., Tuti, M. D., Bisht, J. K., Bhatt, J. C. & Gupta, H. S. (2012
b). Conservation tillage and fertilization impact on soil aggregation and carbon pools in the Indian Himalayas under an irrigated rice–wheat rotation. Soil Science
Bhattacharyya, R., Pandey, S. C., Bisht, J. K., Bhatt, J. C., Gupta, H. S., Tuti, M. D., Mahanta, D., Mina, B. L., Singh, R. D., Chandra, S., Srivastva, A. K. & Kundu, S. (2013
a). Tillage and irrigation effects on soil aggregation and carbon pools in the Indian sub-Himalayas. Agronomy Journal
Bhattacharyya, R., Das, T. K., Pramanik, P., Ganeshan, V., Saad, A. A. & Sharma, A. R. (2013
b). Impacts of conservation agriculture on soil aggregation and aggregate-associated N under an irrigated agroecosystem of the Indo-Gangetic Plains. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems
Bhushan, L., Ladha, J. K., Gupta, R. K., Singh, S., Tirol-Padre, A., Saharawat, Y. S., Gathala, M. & Pathak, H. (2007). Saving of water and labor in a rice–wheat system with no-tillage and direct seeding technologies. Agronomy Journal
Bolinder, M. A., Andrén, O., Kätterer, T., de Jong, R., VandenBygaart, A. J., Angers, D. A., Parent, L. E. & Gregorich, E. G. (2007). Soil carbon dynamics in Canadian agricultural ecoregions: quantifying climatic influence on soil biological activity. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment
Chakraborty, D., Garg, R. N., Tomar, R. K., Singh, R., Sharma, S. K., Singh, R. K., Trivedi, S. M., Mittal, R. B., Sharma, P. K. & Kamble, K. H. (2010). Synthetic and organic mulching and nitrogen effect on winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in a semi-arid environment. Agricultural Water Management
Das, T. K. (2008). Weed management in crops and cropping systems. In Weed Science: Basics and Applications, 1st edn (Ed. Das, T. K.), pp. 640–725. New Delhi, India: Jain Brothers Publishers.
Das, T. K., Bhattacharyya, R., Sharma, A. R., Das, S., Saad, A. A. & Pathak, H. (2013). Impacts of conservation agriculture on total soil organic carbon retention potential under an irrigated agro-ecosystem of the western Indo-Gangetic Plains. European Journal of Agronomy
Das, T. K., Bhattacharyya, R., Sudhishri, S., Sharma, A. R., Saharawat, Y. S., Bandyopadhyay, K. K., Sepat, S., Bana, R. S., Aggarwal, P., Sharma, R. K., Bhatia, A., Singh, G., Datta, S. P., Kar, A., Singh, B., Singh, P., Pathak, H., Vyas, A. K. & Jat, M. L. (2014). Conservation agriculture in an irrigated cotton-wheat system of the western Indo-Gangetic Plains: crop and water productivity and economic profitability. Field Crops Research
Dwivedi, B. S., Shukla, A. K., Singh, V. K. & Yadav, R. L. (2001). Results of participatory diagnosis of constraints and opportunities (PDCO) based trials from the state of Uttar Pradesh. In Development of Farmers’ Resource-Based Integrated Plant Nutrient Supply Systems: Experience of a FAO–ICAR–IFFCO Collaborative Project and AICRP on Soil Test Crop Response Correlation (Eds Subba Rao, A. & Srivastava, S.), pp. 50–75. Bhopal, India: IISS.
FAO (2010). Irrigation Water Management: Irrigation Water Needs. Irrigation Water Management Training Manual no. 3. Rome: FAO.
Gathala, M. K., Ladha, J. K., Saharawat, Y. S., Kumar, V., Kumar, V. & Sharma, P. K. (2011). Effect of tillage and crop establishment methods on physical properties of a medium-textured soil under a seven-year rice–wheat rotation. Soil Science Society of America Journal
Gathala, M. K., Kumar, V., Sharma, P. C., Saharawat, Y. S., Jat, M. S., Singh, M., Kumar, A., Jat, M. L., Humphreys, E., Sharma, D. K., Sharma, S. & Ladha, J. K. (2013). Optimizing intensive cereal-based cropping systems addressing current and future drivers of agricultural change in the northwestern Indo-Gangetic plains of India. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment
Ghosh, P. K., Bandyopadhyay, K. K., Wanjari, R. H., Manna, M. C., Misra, A. K., Mohanty, M. & Subba Rao, A. (2007). Legume effect for enhancing productivity and nutrient use efficiency in major cropping systems - An Indian perspective: a review. Journal of Sustainable Agriculture
Gilbert, N. (2012). African agriculture: dirt poor. Nature
Giller, K. E., Witter, E., Corbeels, M. & Tittonell, P. (2009). Conservation agriculture and smallholder farming in Africa: the heretics’ view. Field Crops Research
Gomez, A. K. & Gomez, A. A. (1984). Single-factor experiments. In Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research, 2nd edn, (Eds Gomez, A. K. & Gomez, A. A.), pp. 7–83. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
Govaerts, B., Sayre, K. D. & Deckers, J. (2005). Stable high yields with zero tillage and permanent bed planting?
Field Crops Research
Govaerts, B., Sayre, K. D., Lichter, K., Dendooven, L. & Deckers, J. (2007). Influence of permanent raised bed planting and residue management on physical and chemical soil quality in rain fed maize/wheat systems. Plant & Soil
Hobbs, P. R. & Gupta, R. K. (2000). Sustainable resource management in intensively cultivated irrigated rice–wheat cropping systems of the Indo-Gangetic Plains of south Asia: strategies and options. In Proceedings of the International Conference on Managing Natural Resources for Sustainable Agricultural Production in the 21st Century, New Delhi, India. 14–18 Feb. 2000 (Ed. Singh, A. K.), pp. 584–592. New Delhi, India: Indian Society of Soil Science.
IARI (2012). Resource conservation technologies. In Technological Options for Enhanced Productivity and Profit (Eds Kumbhare, N. V., Singh, C. B., Wason, M., Sharma, J. P., Kumar, H. & Sangeetha, V.), pp. 134–162. New Delhi, India: Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI).
Jat, M. L., Gathala, M. K., Saharawat, Y. S., Tetarwal, J. P., Gupta, R. & Yadvinder-Singh, (2013). Double no-till and permanent raised beds in maize–wheat rotation of north-western Indo-Gangetic plains of India: effects on crop yields, water productivity, profitability and soil physical properties. Field Crops Research
Karunakaran, V. & Behera, U. K. (2013). Effect of tillage, residue management and crop establishment techniques on energetics, water use efficiency and economics in soybean (Glycine max)–wheat (Triticum aestivum) cropping system. Indian Journal of Agronomy
Kukal, S. S., Yadvinder-Singh, , Jat, M. L. & Sidhu, H. S. (2014). Improving water productivity of wheat-based cropping systems in South Asia for sustained productivity. Advances in Agronomy
Kumar, M., Singh, H., Hooda, R. S., Khippal, A. & Singh, T. (2003). Grain yield, water use and water use efficiency of pearlmillet (Pennisetum glaucum) hybrids under variable nitrogen application. Indian Journal of Agronomy
Ladha, J. K., Kumar, V., Alam, M. M., Sharma, S., Gathala, M. K., Chandna, P., Saharawat, Y. S. & Balasubramanian, V. (2009). Integrating crop and resource management technologies for enhanced productivity, profitability and sustainability of the rice–wheat system in South Asia. In Integrated Crop and Resource Management in the Rice–wheat System of South Asia (Eds Ladha, J. K., Yadvinder-Singh, , Erenstein, O. & Hardy, B.), pp. 69–108. Los Baños, The Philippines: IRRI.
Lichter, K., Govaerts, B., Six, J., Sayre, K. D., Deckers, J. & Dendooven, L. (2008). Aggregation and C and N contents of soil organic matter fractions in a permanent raised-bed planting system in the Highlands of Central Mexico. Plant and Soil
Limon-Ortega, A., Sayre, K. D., Drijber, R. A. & Francis, C. A. (2002). Soil attributes in a furrow-irrigated bed planting system in northwest Mexico. Soil and Tillage Research
Michael, A. M. (2008). Water requirement of crops and irrigation management. In Irrigation: Theory and Practice, 2nd edn, (Ed. Michael, A. M.), pp. 478–553. New Delhi, India: Vikas Publishing House Pvt Ltd.
Munkholm, L. J., Hansen, E. M. & Olesen, J. E. (2008). The effect of tillage intensity on soil structure and winter wheat root/shoot growth. Soil Use and Management
Naresh, R. K., Singh, S. P. & Chauhan, P. (2012). Influence of conservation agriculture, permanent raised bed planting and residue management on soil quality and productivity in maize–wheat system in western Uttar Pradesh. International Journal of Life Sciences, Biotechnology and Pharma Research
Naresh, R. K., Rathore, R. S., Kumar, P., Singh, S. P., Singh, A. & Shahi, U. P. (2014). Effect of precision land leveling and permanent raised bed planting on soil properties, input use efficiency, productivity and profitability under maize (Zea mays) – wheat (Triticum aestivum) cropping system. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences
Ngwira, A. R., Thierfelder, C. & Lambert, D. M. (2013). Conservation agriculture systems for Malawian smallholder farmers: long-term effects on crop productivity, profitability and soil quality. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems
Saharawat, Y. S., Singh, B., Malik, R. K., Ladha, J. K., Gathala, M., Jat, M. L. & Kumar, V. (2010). Evaluation of alternative tillage and crop establishment methods in a rice–wheat rotation in north-western IGP. Field Crops Research
Sakala, W. D., Cadisch, G. & Giller, K. E. (2000). Interactions between residues of maize and pigeonpea and mineral N fertilizers during decomposition and N mineralization. Soil Biology and Biochemistry
Sayre, K. D. & Hobbs, P. R. (2004). The raised-bed system of cultivation for irrigated production conditions. In Sustainable Agriculture and the Rice–wheat System (Eds Lal, R., Hobbs, P., Uphoff, N. & O. Hansen, D.), pp. 337–355. Columbus, OH: Ohio State University.
Siddique, K. H. M., Johansen, C., Turner, N. C., Jeuffroy, M. H., Hashem, A., Sakar, D., Gan, Y. & Alghamdi, S. S. (2012). Innovations in agronomy for food legumes. A review. Agronomy for Sustainable Development
Sidhu, H. S., Manpreet-Singh, , Humphreys, E., Yadvinder-Singh, , Balwinder-Singh, , Dhillon, S. S., Blackwell, J., Bector, V., Malkeet-Singh, & Sarbjeet-Singh, (2007). The Happy Seeder enables direct drilling of wheat into rice stubble. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture
Singh, V. K., Dwivedi, B. S., Shukla, A. K., Chauhan, Y. S. & Yadav, R. L. (2005). Diversification of rice with pigeonpea in a rice–wheat cropping system on a Typic Ustochrept: effect on soil fertility, yield and nutrient use efficiency. Field Crops Research
Singh, V. P., Tripathi, N. & Kumar, A. (2011). Resource conservation technology in rice–wheat cropping system: an ecological and sustainable approach. Research Journal of Chemistry and Environment
Thierfelder, C. & Wall, P. C. (2012). Effects of conservation agriculture on soil quality and productivity in contrasting agro-ecological environments of Zimbabwe. Soil Use and Management
Thierfelder, C., Cheesman, S. & Rusinamhodzi, L. (2012). A comparative analysis of conservation agriculture systems: benefits and challenges of rotations and intercropping in Zimbabwe. Field Crops Research
Unger, P. W. & Jones, O. R. (1998). Long-term tillage and cropping systems affect bulk density and penetration resistance of soil cropped to dryland wheat and grain sorghum. Soil and Tillage Research
Verhulst, N., Sayre, K. D., Vargas, M., Crossa, J., Deckers, J., Raes, D. & Govaerts, B. (2011). Wheat yield and tillage-straw management system × year interaction explained by climatic co-variables for an irrigated bed planting system in northwestern Mexico. Field Crops Research
Walkley, A. & Black, I. A. (1934). An examination of the Degtjareff method for determining soil organic matter, and a proposed modification of the chromic acid filtration method. Soil Science
West, T. A. & Post, W. M. (2002). Soil organic carbon sequestration rates by tillage and crop rotation: a global data analysis. Soil Science Society of America Journal
Yadvinder-Singh, , Bijay-Singh, , Ladha, J. K., Khind, C. S., Khera, T. S. & Bueno, C. S. (2004). Effects of residue decomposition on productivity and soil fertility in rice–wheat rotation. Soil Science Society of America Journal