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Nutritional characteristics of kura clover (Trifolium ambiguum Bieb.) compared with other forage legumes

  • D. W. Allinson (a1), G. S. Speer (a1), R. W. Taylor (a1) and K. Guillard (a1)

Kura or Caucasian clover (Trifolium ambiguum Bieb.) is a perennial, rhizomatous legume indigenous to Caucasian Russia and adjacent regions (Kannenberg & Elliott,1962; Bryant, 1974). Those agronomic characteristics that lend it potential significance, namely an extensive root-rhizome system, winter-hardiness, resistance to numerous and serious clover pests, and the production of nectar-rich flowers, were enumerated by Parker & Allen (1952). These authors also pointed out that usage of kura clover was hampered by ineffective nodulation. However, in recent years commercial and effective inoculant preparations have become available. Consequently, it has been suggested that kura clover could have potential as a pasture legume and for soil conservation purposes (Bryant, 1974; Spencer et al.1975). Pertinent literature on kura clover is scanty. The present study evaluated the nutritional characteristics of kura clover relative to otherforage legumes.

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Bryant W. G. (1974). Caucasian clover (Trifolium ambiguum Bieb.): a review. Journal of the Australian Institute of Agricultural Science 40, 1119.
Davis M. R. (1981). Growth and nutrition of legumes on a high country yellow-brown earth subsoil. I. Phosphate response of Lotus, Trifolium, Lupinus, Astragalus, and Coronilla species and cultivars. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research 24, 321332.
Kannenbero L. W. & Elliott F. C.(1962). Ploidy in Trifolium ambiguum M. Bieb, in relation to some morphological and physiological characters. Crop Science 2, 378381.
Parker D. T. & Allen O. N. (1952). The nodulation status of Trifolium ambiguum. Soil Science Society of America Proceedings 16, 350353.
Spencer K. & Hely F. W. (1982). Shoot and root response to phosphorus by Trifolium ambiguum and Trifolium repens in a montane environment. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research 25, 7785.
Spencer K., Hely F. W., Govaabs A. G., Zorin M. & Hamilton L. J. (1975). Adaptability of Trifolium ambiguum Bieb. to a Victorian montane environment. Journal of the Australian Institute of Agricultural Science 41, 268270.
Tilley J. M. A. & Terry R. A. (1963). A two-stagetechnique for the in vitro digestion of forage crops. Journal of the British Grassland Society 18, 104111.
Van Soest P. J. (1963). Use of detergents in the analysis of fibrous feeds. II. A rapid method for the determination of fiber and lignin. Journal of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists 46, 829835.
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The Journal of Agricultural Science
  • ISSN: 0021-8596
  • EISSN: 1469-5146
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-agricultural-science
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