Skip to main content
×
×
Home

The compensatorily-gained pigs resulted from feeding a methionine-deficient diet had more fat and less lean body mass

  • R. M. Humphrey (a1), Z. Yang (a1), M. S. Hasan (a1), M. A. Crenshaw (a1), D. D. Burnett (a1), J. K. Htoo (a2) and S. F. Liao (a1)...
Summary

Compensatory gain describes an accelerated growth seen in animals following a period of nutrient restriction. Methionine (Met) is the second limiting amino acid in typical swine diets and is essential for muscle growth. This study was conducted to determine (1) if a Met-deficient diet can cause growth retardation in growing pigs, (2) if returning to a normal feeding can yield compensatory gain in the pigs previously fed the Met-deficient diet, and (3) if this Met-deficiency followed by the normal feeding program affects carcass characteristics. Twenty individually-penned crossbred young barrows were randomly allotted to two dietary treatments (n = 10). One Met-deficient (D1) and one Met-adequate (D2) diets were formulated based on corn and soybean meal and fed to respective pigs for 31 days. After that, all pigs were fed the same commercial grower-finisher diet until market weight (around 125 kg), then slaughtered, and carcass characteristics measured. The D1 and D2 pigs began with similar body weights (23.5 vs. 23.6 kg; P = 0.935), but after 31-days on the dietary treatments, D1 pigs were lighter than D2 pigs (51.6 vs. 55.0 kg; P = 0.102). After feeding the normal diet for 55 days, D1 and D2 pigs had similar body weights (122.7 vs. 122.6 kg; P = 0.989). In terms of carcass characteristics, however, D1 pigs had thicker back-fat (at 10th rib; 2.95 vs. 2.51 cm; P = 0.015), heavier belly weight (11.0 vs. 9.6 kg; P = 0.005), lighter ham weights (untrimmed: 20.8 vs. 21.6 kg; P = 0.043; trimmed: 19.6 vs. 20.6 kg; P = 0.016), lighter picnic shoulder weight (8.72 vs. 9.80 kg; P = 0.041), lighter total lean cut weight (51.8 vs. 53.8 kg; P = 0.055), and lower lean cut percentage (56.4 vs. 59.0%; P = 0.012). These results indicate that the Met-deficient diet produced growth-retarded pigs, which showed compensatory gain after the normal feeding. At slaughter, the pigs previously fed the Met-deficient diet had more fat and less lean tissue than their non-deficient counterparts.

Copyright
Corresponding author
*Corresponding author: Shengfa F. Liao, Department of Animal and Dairy Sciences, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS 39762-9815, USA. Phone: (+1) 662-3257318, Email: s.liao@msstate.edu
References
Hide All
Berg, E.P. (2000) Pork Composition and Quality Assessment Procedures. National Pork Producers Council, Des Moines, IA, USA.
Bikker, P., Verstegen, M.W., Kemp, B. and Bosch, M.W. (1996) Performance and body composition of finishing gilts (45 to 85 kilograms) as affected by energy intake and nutrition in earlier life: I. Growth of the body and body components. Journal of Animal Science, 74: 806816.
Brestenský, M., Nitrayová, S., Patráš, P. and Heger, J. (2014) Effect of severe amino acid restriction on subsequent growth performance and urinary N excretion in growing pigs. Livestock Science, 167(Suppl C): 286291.
Castell, A.G., Cliplef, R.L., Poste-Flynn, L.M. and Butler, G. (1994) Performance, carcass and pork characteristics of castrates and gilts self-fed diets differing in protein content and lysine:energy ratio. Canadian Journal of Animal Science, 74: 519528.
Chiba, L.I. (1994) Effects of dietary amino acid content between 20 and 50 kg and 50 and 100 kg live weight on the subsequent and overall performance of pigs. Livestock Production Science, 39: 213221.
Chiba, L.I., Ivey, H.W., Cummins, K.A. and Gamble, B.E. (1999) Growth performance and carcass traits of pigs subjected to marginal dietary restrictions during the grower phase. Journal of Animal Science, 77: 17691776.
Chung, T.K., Izquierdo, O.A., Hashimoto, K. and Baker, D.H. (1989) Methionine Requirement of the Finishing Pig. Journal of Animal Science, 67: 26772683.
De la Llata, M., Dritz, S.S., Tokach, M.D., Goodband, R.D. and Nelssen, J.L. (2002) Effects of increasing L-lysine HCl in corn- or sorghum-soybean meal-based diets on growth performance and carcass characteristics of growing-finishing pigs. Journal of Animal Science, 80: 24202432.
Fabian, J., Chiba, L.I., Frobish, L.T., McElhenney, W.H., Kuhlers, D.L. and Nadarajah, K. (2004) Compensatory growth and nitrogen balance in grower-finisher pigs. Journal of Animal Science, 82: 25792587.
Friesen, K.G., Nelssen, J.L., Unruh, J.A., Goodband, R.D. and Tokach, M.D. (1994) Effects of the interrelationship between genotype, sex, and dietary lysine on growth performance and carcass composition in finishing pigs fed to either 104 or 127 kilograms. Journal of Animal Science, 72: 946954.
Heyer, A. and Lebret, B. (2007) Compensatory growth response in pigs: Effects on growth performance, composition of weight gain at carcass and muscle levels, and meat quality. Journal of Animal Science, 85: 769778.
Kamalakar, R.B., Chiba, L.I., Divakala, K.C., Rodning, S.P., Welles, E.G., Bergen, W.G., Kerth, C.R., Kuhlers, D.L. and Nadarajah, N.K. (2009) Effect of the degree and duration of early dietary amino acid restrictions on subsequent and overall pig performance and physical and sensory characteristics of pork. Journal of Animal Science, 87: 35963606.
Li, Y., Zhang, H., Chen, Y.P., Ying, Z.X., Su, W.P., Zhang, L.L. and Wang, T. (2017) Effects of dietary L-methionine supplementation on the growth performance, carcass characteristics, meat quality, and muscular antioxidant capacity and myogenic gene expression in low weight birth pigs. Journal of Animal Science, 95: 39723983.
Martínez-Ramírez, H.R., Jeaurond, E.A. and de Lange, C.F.M. (2008) Dynamics of body protein deposition and changes in body composition after sudden changes in amino acid intake: I. Barrows. Journal of Animal Science, 86: 21562167.
NAMP (North American Meat Processors Association). (2007) The Meat Buyer's Guide. John Wiley& Sons Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. pp 141149.
NRC (National Research Council). (2012). Nutrient Requirements of Swine. 11th Revised Edition. Washington, DC, USA: The National Academies Press.
Skiba, G. (2005) Physiological aspects of compensatory growth in pigs. Journal of Animal and Feed Sciences, 14: 191203.
Thaler, R.C., Libal, G.W. and Wahlstrom, R.C. (1986) Effect of lysine levels in pig starter diets on performance to 20 kg and on subsequent performance and carcass characteristics. Journal of Animal Science, 63: 139144.
Yesmin, S., Uddin, M.E., Chacrabati, R. and Al-Mamun, M. (2013) Effect of methionine supplementation on the growth performance of rabbit. Bangladesh Journal of Animal Science, 42: 4043.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Applied Animal Nutrition
  • ISSN: -
  • EISSN: 2049-257X
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-applied-animal-nutrition
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 3
Total number of PDF views: 15 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 199 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 18th June 2018 - 18th September 2018. This data will be updated every 24 hours.