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  • Cited by 2
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    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Gellert, Paul K. and Andiko, 2015. The Quest for Legal Certainty and the Reorganization of Power: Struggles over Forest Law, Permits, and Rights in Indonesia. The Journal of Asian Studies, Vol. 74, Issue. 03, p. 639.

    Judd, Ellen R. 2010. Family Strategies: Fluidities of Gender, Community and Mobility in Rural West China. The China Quarterly, Vol. 204, p. 921.


Forestry Reform and the Transformation of State Capacity in Fin-de-Siècle China


How to best maintain public goods under conditions of chronic resource shortage and insufficient state administrative capacity is a challenge for nearly all developing states. This article concentrates on a range of attempted reforms in China's forestry sector in the 1990s. It first evaluates the dynamics of long-standing “leakiness” in forestry conservation initiatives. After a set of major floods in 1998, major uncertainties remained as to how to effectively implement conservation initiatives, given systemic underfunding and patchy administrative supervision from higher levels. The article then argues that higher (central and provincial) levels of the state have employed measures substantially unchanged since late imperial times: (1) the partial rationalization and extension of formal bureaucratic systems of direct control, and (2) the manipulation of moral incentives through exhortation and appeals to a complex trope of “cadre quality,” concluding that subjective notions of moral “character” in local leadership can combine with objective economic and infrastructural factors to either support or undercut central state initiatives.

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This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

Peter Ho . 2001. “Who Owns China's Land: Property Rights and Deliberate Institutional Ambiguity.” China Quarterly, no. 166:394421.

Yuanli Liu . 2004. “Development of the Rural Health Insurance System in China.” Health Policy and Planning 19 (3): 159–65.

Kevin O'Brien , and Lianjiang Li . 1999. “Selective Policy Implementation in Rural China.” Comparative Politics 31 (2): 167–86.

Yaoqi Zhang . 2000. “Costs of Plans vs. Costs of Markets: Reforms in China's State-Owned Forestry Management.” Development Policy Review 18 (3): 285306.

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The Journal of Asian Studies
  • ISSN: 0021-9118
  • EISSN: 1752-0401
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-asian-studies
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