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MOTIVATIONS FOR ENTRY INTO SEX WORK AND HIV RISK AMONG MOBILE FEMALE SEX WORKERS IN INDIA

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  10 June 2011

NIRANJAN SAGGURTI
Affiliation:
HIV & AIDS Program, Population Council, New Delhi, India
RAVI K. VERMA
Affiliation:
International Center for Research on Women, New Delhi, India
SHIVA S. HALLI
Affiliation:
Department of Community Health Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada
SUVAKANTA N. SWAIN
Affiliation:
HIV & AIDS Program, Population Council, New Delhi, India
RAJENDRA SINGH
Affiliation:
International Center for Research on Women, Mumbai, India
HANIMI REDDY MODUGU
Affiliation:
South Asia Network for Chronic Diseases, Public Health Foundation of India, New Delhi, India
SAUMYA RAMARAO
Affiliation:
Population Council, New York, USA
BIDHUBHUSAN MAHAPATRA
Affiliation:
HIV & AIDS Program, Population Council, New Delhi, India
ANRUDH K. JAIN
Affiliation:
Population Council, New York, USA

Summary

This paper assesses the reasons for entry into sex work and its association with HIV risk behaviours among mobile female sex workers (FSWs) in India. Data were collected from a cross-sectional survey conducted in 22 districts across four high HIV prevalence states in India during 2007–2008. Analyses were limited to 5498 eligible mobile FSWs. The reasons given by FSWs for entering sex work and associations with socio-demographic characteristics were assessed. Reported reasons for entering sex work include poor or deprived economic conditions; negative social circumstances in life; own choice; force by an external person; and family tradition. The results from multivariate analyses indicate that those FSWs who entered sex work due to poor economic conditions or negative social circumstances in life or force demonstrated elevated levels of current inconsistent condom use as well as in the past in comparison with those FSWs who reported entering sex work by choice or family tradition. This finding indicates the need for a careful assessment of the pre-entry contexts among HIV prevention interventions since these factors may continue to hinder the effectiveness of efforts to reduce the spread of HIV/AIDS in India and elsewhere.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2011

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MOTIVATIONS FOR ENTRY INTO SEX WORK AND HIV RISK AMONG MOBILE FEMALE SEX WORKERS IN INDIA
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