Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 14
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Ambikapathi, Ramya Kosek, Margaret N. Lee, Gwenyth O. Mahopo, Cloupas Patil, Crystal L. Maciel, Bruna L. Turab, Ali Islam, M Munirul Ulak, Manjeswori Bose, Anuradha Paredes Olortegui, Maribel Pendergast, Laura L. Murray-Kolb, Laura E. Lang, Dennis McCormick, Benjamin J. J. and Caulfield, Laura E. 2016. How multiple episodes of exclusive breastfeeding impact estimates of exclusive breastfeeding duration: report from the eight-site MAL-ED birth cohort study. Maternal & Child Nutrition,

    Jayachandran, Seema 2014. Does Contraceptive Use Always Reduce Breast-feeding?. Demography, Vol. 51, Issue. 3, p. 917.

    Jones, Andrew D. Ickes, Scott B. Smith, Laura E. Mbuya, Mduduzi N.N. Chasekwa, Bernard Heidkamp, Rebecca A. Menon, Purnima Zongrone, Amanda A. and Stoltzfus, Rebecca J. 2014. World Health Organization infant and young child feeding indicators and their associations with child anthropometry: a synthesis of recent findings. Maternal & Child Nutrition, Vol. 10, Issue. 1, p. 1.

    Henkle, Emily Steinhoff, Mark C. Omer, Saad B. Roy, Eliza Arifeen, Shams E. Raqib, Rubhana Breiman, Robert F. Caulfield, Laura E. Moss, William J. and Zaman, Khalequ 2013. The Effect of Exclusive Breast-feeding on Respiratory Illness in Young Infants in a Maternal Immunization Trial in Bangladesh. The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, Vol. 32, Issue. 5, p. 431.

    Adair, L. S. Popkin, B. M. Akin, J. S. Guilkey, D. K. Gultiano, S. Borja, J. Perez, L. Kuzawa, C. W. McDade, T. and Hindin, M. J. 2011. Cohort Profile: The Cebu Longitudinal Health and Nutrition Survey. International Journal of Epidemiology, Vol. 40, Issue. 3, p. 619.

    Al-Sahab, B. Adair, L. Hamadeh, M. J. Ardern, C. I. and Tamim, H. 2011. Impact of Breastfeeding Duration on Age at Menarche. American Journal of Epidemiology, Vol. 173, Issue. 9, p. 971.

    Greiner, T 2007. Research on HIV and breastfeeding: definitions can make all the difference. Acta Paediatrica, Vol. 91, Issue. 6, p. 615.

    Li, Ruowei Scanlon, Kelley S. and Serdula, Mary K. 2005. The Validity and Reliability of Maternal Recall of Breastfeeding Practice. Nutrition Reviews, Vol. 63, Issue. 4, p. 103.

    Giashuddin, M. S. Kabir, M. Rahman, A. and Hannan, M. A. 2003. Exclusive breastfeeding and nutritional status in Bangladesh. The Indian Journal of Pediatrics, Vol. 70, Issue. 6, p. 471.

    Aarts, C. Kylberg, E. Hornell, A. Hofvander, Y. Gebre-Medhin, M. and Greiner, T. 2000. How exclusive is exclusive breastfeeding? A comparison of data since birth with current status data. International Journal of Epidemiology, Vol. 29, Issue. 6, p. 1041.

    Marquis, Grace S. Dı́az, Judith Bartolini, Rosario Creed de Kanashiro, Hilary and Rasmussen, Kathleen M. 1998. Recognizing the reversible nature of child-feeding decisions: Breastfeeding, weaning, and relactation patterns in a shanty town community of Lima, Peru. Social Science & Medicine, Vol. 47, Issue. 5, p. 645.

    Zohoori, Namvar 1997. Does endogeneity matter? A comparison of empirical analyses with and without control for endogeneity. Annals of Epidemiology, Vol. 7, Issue. 4, p. 258.

    ZOHOORI, NAMVAR 1994. The Effects of Calories and Types of Supplements on Postpartum Amenorrhea in the Philippinesa. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, Vol. 709, Issue. 1, p. 216.

    Popkin, Barry M. Guilkey, David K. Schwartz, J. Brad and Flieger, Wilhelm 1993. Survival in the perinatal period: a prospective analysis. Journal of Biosocial Science, Vol. 25, Issue. 03,


Breast-feeding patterns in the Philippines: a prospective analysis

  • Namvar Zohoori (a1), Barry M. Popkin (a1) and Maria E. Fernandez (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 July 2008

Data from the Cebu Longitudinal Health and Nutrition Survey have been used to examine breast-feeding patterns in the Metropolitan Cebu region of the Philippines. The results show that there is extensive and early use of non-nutritive liquids, resulting in low levels of exclusive breast-feeding. The use of cross-sectional versus longitudinal data, the definition of exclusive breast-feeding, and movements in and out of the exclusively breast-fed category, are considered.

Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

E. Z. Bisgrove , B. M. Popkin & C. Barba (1991) Profiling infant-feeding patterns in the Philippines. Ecol. Food. Nutr. 26, 291.

J. King & A. Ashworth (1987) Historical review of the changing pattern of infant feeding in developing countries: the case of Malaysia, the Caribbean, Nigeria and Zaire. Social Sci. Med. 25, 1307.

K. Labbok & K. Krasovec (1990) Toward consistency in breastfeeding definitions. Stud. Fam. Plan. 21, 226.

B. M. Popkin , J. S. Akin , W. Flieger & E. L. Wong (1989) Breast-feeding trends in the Philippines, 1973–1983. Am. J. publ. Hlth 79, 32.

J. Trussell , L. Grummer-Strawn , G. Rodriguez & M. Vanlandingham (1992) Trends and differentials in breastfeeding behaviour: evidence from the WFS and DHS. Popul. Stud. 46, 285.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Biosocial Science
  • ISSN: 0021-9320
  • EISSN: 1469-7599
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-biosocial-science
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *