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    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Victora, Cesar G Bahl, Rajiv Barros, Aluísio J D França, Giovanny V A Horton, Susan Krasevec, Julia Murch, Simon Sankar, Mari Jeeva Walker, Neff and Rollins, Nigel C 2016. Breastfeeding in the 21st century: epidemiology, mechanisms, and lifelong effect. The Lancet, Vol. 387, Issue. 10017, p. 475.


    Kaida, Angela Andia, Irene Maier, Marissa Strathdee, Steffanie A. Bangsberg, David R. Spiegel, Jerry Bastos, Francisco I. Gray, Glenda and Hogg, Robert 2006. The potential impact of antiretroviral therapy on fertility in sub-Saharan Africa. Current HIV/AIDS Reports, Vol. 3, Issue. 4, p. 187.


    Labbok, M. 2006. Breastfeeding: A woman's reproductive right. International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics, Vol. 94, Issue. 3, p. 277.


    Labbok, Miriam H. Clark, David and Goldman, Armond S. 2004. Science and society: Breastfeeding: maintaining an irreplaceable immunological resource. Nature Reviews Immunology, Vol. 4, Issue. 7, p. 565.


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ESTIMATION OF BIRTHS AVERTED DUE TO BREAST-FEEDING AND INCREASES IN LEVELS OF CONTRACEPTION NEEDED TO SUBSTITUTE FOR BREAST-FEEDING

  • STAN BECKER (a1), SHEA RUTSTEIN (a2) and MIRIAM H. LABBOK (a3)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021932003005996
  • Published online: 01 October 2003
Abstract

After contraceptive use, breast-feeding duration is the major determinant of the birth interval length. Three methods of estimating births averted by breast-feeding, and the increase in contraceptive use needed to substitute for breast-feeding, are presented. Method 1 simply utilizes Bongaarts’ Ci, and the other two are based on mean birth intervals with and without breast-feeding. Estimates for each method are derived for six countries with DHS surveys from the mid-1990s: Burkina Faso, Uganda, India, Indonesia, Brazil and Peru. The estimated percentage of additional births that would occur if there were no breast-feeding ranged from 1–4% in Brazil to about 50% in Burkina Faso and Uganda, reflecting very low breast-feeding in Brazil and very high levels in the sub-Saharan African nations. Strengths and limitations of the three methods are considered.

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Journal of Biosocial Science
  • ISSN: 0021-9320
  • EISSN: 1469-7599
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-biosocial-science
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