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    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Calvès, Anne-Emmanuèle 2016. First union formation in urban Burkina Faso: Competing relationship transitions to marriage or cohabitation. Demographic Research, Vol. 34, p. 421.

    Indongo, Nelago and Pazvakawambwa, Lillian 2015. Perceptions of Women on Marriage in Namibia. Psychology, Vol. 06, Issue. 11, p. 1413.

    Beguy, Donatien Kabiru, Caroline W. Zulu, Eliya M. and Ezeh, Alex C. 2011. Timing and Sequencing of Events Marking the Transition to Adulthood in Two Informal Settlements in Nairobi, Kenya. Journal of Urban Health, Vol. 88, Issue. S2, p. 318.

    Beguy, Donatien Bocquier, Philippe and Zulu, Eliya Msiyaphazi 2010. Circular migration patterns and determinants in Nairobi slum settlements. Demographic Research, Vol. 23, p. 549.



  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 March 2009

Using retrospective data from the Urban Integration Survey conducted in 2001 in Nairobi, Kenya, on a sample of 955 women and men aged 25–54, this paper compares factors influencing entry into union formation for men and women. The analysis uses event history methods, specifically Cox Proportional Hazards regression, stratified by age cohort and run separately by sex. The results indicate that delay in union formation is more pronounced for women than for men. Cohabitation without formal marriage is the prominent form of union, especially among the younger generation, and appears to have increased. For men, the timing of union is more dependent upon human capital acquisition than on cultural factors. These findings show that the marriage search model, which was first applied in Western countries, can also hold in cities of developing countries. Nonetheless, neither the search model nor the integration or the independence models apply to women's union formation, which very few exogenous factors can explain.

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Journal of Biosocial Science
  • ISSN: 0021-9320
  • EISSN: 1469-7599
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-biosocial-science
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