Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 19
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Awoh, Abiyemi Benita and Plugge, Emma 2016. Immunisation coverage in rural–urban migrant children in low and middle-income countries (LMICs): a systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, Vol. 70, Issue. 3, p. 305.

    Islam, Mohammad Mainul and Gagnon, Anita J. 2016. Use of reproductive health care services among urban migrant women in Bangladesh. BMC Women's Health, Vol. 16, Issue. 1,

    Marcil, Lucy Afsana, Kaosar and Perry, Henry B. 2016. First Steps in Initiating an Effective Maternal, Neonatal, and Child Health Program in Urban Slums: the BRAC Manoshi Project’s Experience with Community Engagement, Social Mapping, and Census Taking in Bangladesh. Journal of Urban Health, Vol. 93, Issue. 1, p. 6.

    Hackett, Kristy M. Mukta, Umme S. Jalal, Chowdhury S. B. and Sellen, Daniel W. 2015. A qualitative study exploring perceived barriers to infant feeding and caregiving among adolescent girls and young women in rural Bangladesh. BMC Public Health, Vol. 15, Issue. 1,

    Kaur, Manmeet Singh, Sukhbir Gupta, Madhu Bahuguna, Pankaj and Rani, Soma 2015. Inequity in access to health services between migrants and natives of Chandigarh, India. International Journal of Migration, Health and Social Care, Vol. 11, Issue. 2, p. 147.

    Mberu, Blessing Uchenna and Mutua, Michael 2015. Internal Migration and Early Life Mortality in Kenya and Nigeria. Population, Space and Place, Vol. 21, Issue. 8, p. 788.

    Minnery, Mark Firth, Sonja Hodge, Andrew and Jimenez-Soto, Eliana 2015. Neonatal Mortality and Inequalities in Bangladesh: Differential Progress and Sub-national Developments. Maternal and Child Health Journal, Vol. 19, Issue. 9, p. 2038.

    Goodburn, Charlotte 2014. Rural-Urban Migration and Gender Disparities in Child Healthcare in China and India. Development and Change, Vol. 45, Issue. 4, p. 631.

    Khan, Md. Mobarak Hossain and Kraemer, Alexander 2014. Are rural-urban migrants living in urban slums more vulnerable in terms of housing, health knowledge, smoking, mental health and general health?. International Journal of Social Welfare, Vol. 23, Issue. 4, p. 373.

    Pérez, Wilton Eriksson, Leif Blandón, Elmer Zelaya Persson, Lars-Åke Källestål, Carina and Peña, Rodolfo 2014. Comparing progress toward the millennium development goal for under-five mortality in León and Cuatro Santos, Nicaragua, 1990–2008. BMC Pediatrics, Vol. 14, Issue. 1,

    Smith-Greenaway, Emily and Thomas, Kevin J. A. 2014. Exploring Child Mortality Risks Associated with Diverse Patterns of Maternal Migration in Haiti. Population Research and Policy Review, Vol. 33, Issue. 6, p. 873.

    Lämmle, Lena Woll, Alexander Mensink, Gert and Bös, Klaus 2013. Distal and Proximal Factors of Health Behaviors and Their Associations with Health in Children and Adolescents. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, Vol. 10, Issue. 7, p. 2944.

    Saikia, Nandita Singh, Abhishek Jasilionis, Domantas and Ram, Faujdar 2013. Explaining the rural-urban gap in infant mortality in India. Demographic Research, Vol. 29, p. 473.

    Nawrotzki, Raphael Hunter, Lori M. and Dickinson, Thomas W. 2012. Natural resources and rural livelihoods. Demographic Research, Vol. 26, p. 661.

    Antai, Diddy Wedrén, Sara Bellocco, Rino and Moradi, Tahereh 2010. Migration and child health inequities in Nigeria: a multilevel analysis of contextual- and individual-level factors. Tropical Medicine & International Health, Vol. 15, Issue. 12, p. 1464.

    Babu, Bontha V. Swain, Basanta K. Mishra, Suchismita and Kar, Shantanu K. 2010. Primary Healthcare Services Among a Migrant Indigenous Population Living in an Eastern Indian City. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health, Vol. 12, Issue. 1, p. 53.

    Houweling, T. A. J. and Kunst, A. E. 2010. Socio-economic inequalities in childhood mortality in low- and middle-income countries: a review of the international evidence. British Medical Bulletin, Vol. 93, Issue. 1, p. 7.

    Omariba, D. Walter Rasugu and Boyle, Michael H. 2010. Rural–Urban Migration and Cross-National Variation in Infant Mortality in Less Developed Countries. Population Research and Policy Review, Vol. 29, Issue. 3, p. 275.

    Ríos, Luis and Cardoso, Hugo F.V. 2009. Age estimation from stages of union of the vertebral epiphyses of the ribs. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, Vol. 140, Issue. 2, p. 265.



  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 January 2008

This paper analyses the levels and trends of childhood mortality in urban Bangladesh, and examines whether children’s survival chances are poorer among the urban migrants and urban poor. It also examines the determinants of child survival in urban Bangladesh. Data come from the 1999–2000 Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey. The results indicate that, although the indices of infant and child mortality are consistently better in urban areas, the urban–rural differentials in childhood mortality have diminished in recent years. The study identifies two distinct child morality regimes in urban Bangladesh: one for urban natives and one for rural–urban migrants. Under-five mortality is higher among children born to urban migrants compared with children born to life-long urban natives (102 and 62 per 1000 live births, respectively). The migrant–native mortality differentials more-or-less correspond with the differences in socioeconomic status. Like childhood mortality rates, rural–urban migrants seem to be moderately disadvantaged by economic status compared with their urban native counterparts. Within the urban areas, the child survival status is even worse among the migrant poor than among the average urban poor, especially recent migrants. This poor–non-poor differential in childhood mortality is higher in urban areas than in rural areas. The study findings indicate that rapid growth of the urban population in recent years due to rural-to-urban migration, coupled with higher risk of mortality among migrant’s children, may be considered as one of the major explanations for slower decline in under-five mortality in urban Bangladesh, thus diminishing urban–rural differentials in childhood mortality in Bangladesh. The study demonstrates that housing conditions and access to safe drinking water and hygienic toilet facilities are the most critical determinants of child survival in urban areas, even after controlling for migration status. The findings of the study may have important policy implications for urban planning, highlighting the need to target migrant groups and the urban poor within urban areas in the provision of health care services.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Biosocial Science
  • ISSN: 0021-9320
  • EISSN: 1469-7599
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-biosocial-science
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *