Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 9
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Legwegoh, Alexander F. and Hovorka, Alice J. 2016. Exploring food choices within the context of nutritional security in Gaborone, Botswana. Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography, Vol. 37, Issue. 1, p. 76.

    Brown, Corbett Shaibu, Sheila Maruapula, Segametsi Malete, Leapetswe and Compher, Charlene 2015. Perceptions and attitudes towards food choice in adolescents in Gaborone, Botswana. Appetite, Vol. 95, p. 29.

    Kirunda, Barbara Eva Fadnes, Lars Thore Wamani, Henry Van den Broeck, Jan and Tylleskär, Thorkild 2015. Population-based survey of overweight and obesity and the associated factors in peri-urban and rural Eastern Uganda. BMC Public Health, Vol. 15, Issue. 1,

    Nnyepi, Maria S. Gwisai, Namo Lekgoa, Malebogo and Seru, Tumelo 2015. Evidence of nutrition transition in Southern Africa. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, Vol. 74, Issue. 04, p. 478.

    Legwegoh, Alexander F. and Riley, Liam 2014. Food, Place, and Culture in Urban Africa: Comparative Consumption in Gaborone and Blantyre. Journal of Hunger & Environmental Nutrition, Vol. 9, Issue. 2, p. 256.

    Cohen, A. K. Rai, M. Rehkopf, D. H. and Abrams, B. 2013. Educational attainment and obesity: a systematic review. Obesity Reviews, Vol. 14, Issue. 12, p. 989.

    Pawloski, Lisa R Curtin, Kevin M Gewa, Constance and Attaway, David 2012. Maternal–child overweight/obesity and undernutrition in Kenya: a geographic analysis. Public Health Nutrition, Vol. 15, Issue. 11, p. 2140.

    Wrotniak, B. H. Malete, L. Maruapula, S. D. Jackson, J. Shaibu, S. Ratcliffe, S. Stettler, N. and Compher, C. 2012. Association between socioeconomic status indicators and obesity in adolescent students in Botswana, an African country in rapid nutrition transition. Pediatric Obesity, Vol. 7, Issue. 2, p. e9.

    Maruapula, Segametsi D Jackson, Jose C Holsten, Joanna Shaibu, Sheila Malete, Leapetswe Wrotniak, Brian Ratcliffe, Sarah J Mokone, George G Stettler, Nicolas and Compher, Charlene 2011. Socio-economic status and urbanization are linked to snacks and obesity in adolescents in Botswana. Public Health Nutrition, Vol. 14, Issue. 12, p. 2260.



  • DOI:
  • Published online: 17 September 2010

The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of, and socio-demographic factors associated with, overweight and obesity in Botswana. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2007 using a multistage sampling method to select a representative sample of 4107 men and 4916 women aged 20–49 years. Logistic regression analysis was used to identify the socio-demographic factors associated with overweight and obesity. Mean BMI values for men and women were 21.7 kg/m2 and 24.4 kg/m2, respectively. Both overweight and obesity levels were higher among women than men. Overall, 23% of women were overweight compared with 13% of men. Obese women constituted about 15% compared with only 3% of men. However, 19% of men were underweight compared with 12% of women. The main socio-demographic factors associated with overweight and obesity were being older, living in a city/town, being married and having attained higher levels of education, and these relationships were statistically significant at the 5% level. Although over-nutrition is prevalent among adult female Batswana, underweight remains an important public health problem for males. Programmes and other interventions aimed at concurrently addressing both under-nutrition and overweight need to be developed.

Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

P. Hossain , B. Kawar & M. El Nahas (2007) Obesity and diabetes in the developing world – a growing challenge. New England Journal of Medicine 356, 213215.

H. N. Madanat , K. P. Troutman & B. Al-Madi (2008) The nutrition transition in Jordan: the political, economic and food consumption contexts. Promotion and Education 15(1), 610.

J. E. Manson , P. J. Skerrett , P. Greenland & T. B. Vanltallie (2004) The escalating pandemics of obesity and sedentary lifestyle: a call to action for clinicians. Archives of Internal Medicine 164, 249258.

A. Must , J. Spadano , E. H. Coakley , A. E. Field , G. Colditz & W. H. Dietz (1999) The disease burden associated with overweight and obesity. Journal of the American Medical Association 282, 15231529.

B. M. Popkin & C. M. Doak (1998) The obesity epidemic is a worldwide phenomenon. Nutrition Review 56, 106114.

B. M. Popkin (2004) The nutrition transition: an overview of world patterns of change. Nutrition Review 62, S140143.

A. M. Prentice (2006) The emerging epidemic of obesity in developing countries. International Journal of Epidemiology 35, 9399.

T. Puoane , K. Steyn , D. Bradshaw , R. Laubscher , J. Fourie , V. Lambert & N. Mbananga (2002) Obesity in South Africa: the South African Demographic and Health Survey. Obesity Research 10(10), 10381046.

N. G. Terres , R. T. Pinheiro , B. L. Horta , K. A. T. Pinheiro & L. L. Horta (2006) Prevalence and factors associated to overweight and obesity in adolescents. Revista de Saúde Pública 40(4), 627633.

T. L. S. Visscher & J. C. Seidell (2001) The public health impact of obesity. Annual Review of Public Health 22, 355375.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Biosocial Science
  • ISSN: 0021-9320
  • EISSN: 1469-7599
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-biosocial-science
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *