Skip to main content
×
Home

Agreement between rectal and vaginal temperature measured with temperature loggers in dairy cows

  • Vishal Suthar (a1), Onno Burfeind (a1), Britta Maeder (a1) and Wolfgang Heuwieser (a1)
Abstract

The overall objective of this study was to evaluate agreement between rectal (RT) and vaginal temperature (VT) measured with the same temperature loggers in dairy cows. Three experiments were conducted. The study began with a validation in vitro of 24 temperature loggers comparing them to a calibrated liquid-in-glass thermometer as a reference method. The association and agreement between the 24 temperature loggers with the reference method was r=0·996 (P<0·001) with a negligible coefficient of variance (0·005) between the loggers. In-vivo temperature loggers were tested in 11 healthy post-partum cows (Experiment 2) and 12 early post-partum cows with greater body temperature (Experiment 3). Temperature loggers were set to record VT and RT at 1-min intervals. To prevent rectal and vaginal straining and potential expulsion of temperature logger an epidural injection of 2·5 ml of 2% Procain was administered. Association between RT and VT was r=0·92 (P<0·001; Experiment 2) and r=0·94 (P<0·001; Experiment 3) with a negligible difference of −0·1 and 0·01 °C. Bland-Altman plots demonstrated agreement between RT and VT for healthy and early post-partum cows with greater body temperature in Experiments 2 and 3, respectively. Furthermore the intra-class correlation coefficient between RT and VT measured with identical loggers within cows of Experiments 2 and 3 also demonstrated greater agreements (P<0·001). Therefore, continuous VT monitoring with temperature loggers can be used as a measure of body temperature in dairy cows.

Copyright
Corresponding author
*For correspondence; e-mail: w.heuwieser@fu-berlin.de
References
Hide All
Altman DG & Bland JM 1983 Measurement in medicine: the analysis of method comparison studies. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society. Series D (The Statistician) 32 307317
AlZahal O, AlZahal H, Steele MA, Van Schaik M, Kyriazakis I, Duffield TF & McBride BW 2011 The use of a radio telemetric ruminal bolus to detect body temperature changes in lactating dairy cattle. Journal of Dairy Science 94 35683574
Bergen RD & Kennedy AD 2000 Relationship between vaginal and tympanic membrane temperature in beef heifers. Canadian Journal of Animal Science 80 515518
Bewley JM, Einstein ME, Grott MW & Schutz MM 2008 Comparison of reticular and rectal core body temperatures in lactating dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science 91 46614672
Bitman J, Lefcourt A, Wood DL & Stroud B 1984 Circadian and ultradian temperature rhythms of lactating dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science 67 10141023
Bland JM & Altman DG 2010 Statistical methods for assessing agreement between two methods of clinical measurement. International Journal of Nursing Studies 47 931936
Bland MJ & Altman DG 1986 Statistical methods for assessing agreement between two methods of clinical measurement. Lancet 327 307310
Burdick NC, Carroll JA, Dailey JW, Randel RD, Falkenberg SM & Schmidt TB 2012 Development of a self-contained, indwelling vaginal temperature probe for use in cattle research. Journal of Thermal Biology 37 339343
Burfeind O, von Keyserlingk MAG, Weary DM, Veira DM & Heuwieser W 2010 Short communication: repeatability of measures of rectal temperature in dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science 93 624627
Burfeind O, Suthar VS, Voigtsberger R, Bonk S & Heuwieser W 2011 Validity of prepartum changes in vaginal and rectal temperature to predict calving in dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science 94 50535061
Day TK & Skarda RT 1991 The pharmacology of local anesthetics. Veterinary Clinics of North America-Equine Practice 7 489500
Dikmen S, Alava E, Pontes E, Fear JM, Dikmen BY, Olson TA & Hansen PJ 2008 Differences in thermoregulatory ability between slick-haired and wild-type lactating Holstein cows in response to acute heat stress. Journal of Dairy Science 91 33953402
Drillich M, Beetz O, Pfützner A, Sabin M, Sabin HJ, Kutzer P, Nattermann H & Heuwieser W 2001 Evaluation of a systemic antibiotic treatment of toxic Puerperal Metritis in dairy cows. Journal Dairy Science 84 20102017
Field A 2005 Discovering Statistics Using SPSS, 3rd edition. 1 Oliver's Yard, 55 City road, London: SAGE Publications Ltd
Kahn CM & Line S 2010 The Merck Veterinary Manual, 10th edition. Whitehouse Station, NJ, USA: Merck Sharp &Dohme Corp., a subsidiary of Merck & Co., Inc
Kendall PE & Webster JR 2009 Season and physiological status affects the circadian body temperature rhythm of dairy cows. Livestock Science 125 155160
Kendall PE, Nielsen PP, Webster JR, Verkerk GA, Littlejohn RP & Matthews LR 2006 The effects of providing shade to lactating dairy cows in a temperate climate. Livestock Science 103 148157
Kendall PE, Tucker CB, Dalley DE, Clark DA & Webster JR 2008 Milking frequency affects the circadian body temperature rhythm in dairy cows. Livestock Science 117 130138
Lammoglia MA, Bellows RA, Short RE, Bellows SE, Bighorn EG, Stevenson JS & Randel RD 1997 Body temperature and endocrine interactions before and after calving in beef cows. Journal of Animal Science 75 25262534
Lefcourt AM & Adams WR 1998 Radiotelemetric measurement of body temperature in feedlot steers during winter. Journal of Animal Science 76 18301837
Rajamahendran R, Robinson J, Desbottes S & Walton JS 1989 Temporal relationships among estrus, body temperature, milk yield, progesterone and luteinizing hormone levels, and ovulation in dairy cows. Theriogenology 31 11731182
Reuter RR, Carroll JA, Hulbert LE, Dailey JW & Galyean ML 2010 Technical note: development of a self-contained, indwelling rectal temperature probe for cattle research. Journal of Animal Science 88 32913295
Rose-Dye TK, Burciaga-Robles LO, Krehbiel CR, Step DL, Fulton RW, Confer AW & Richards CJ 2011 Rumen temperature change monitored with remote rumen temperature boluses after challenges with bovine viral diarrhea virus and Mannheimiahaemolytica. Journal of Animal Science 89 11931200
Sheldon IM, Williams EJ, Miller ANA, Nash DM & Herath S 2008 Uterine diseases in cattle after parturition. Veterinary Journal 176 115121
Skarda RT & Muir WW 1979 Segmental lumber epidural analgesia in cattle. American Journal of Veterinary Research 40 5257
Suthar VS, Burfeind O, Patel JS, Dhami AJ & Heuwieser W 2011 Body temperature around induced estrus in dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science 94 23682373
Suthar V, Burfeind O, Bonk S, Voigtsberger R, Keane C & Heuwieser W 2012a Factors associated with body temperature of healthy Holstein dairy cows during the first 10 days in milk. Journal of Dairy Research 79 135142
Suthar VS, Burfeind O, Bonk S, Dhami AJ & Heuwieser W 2012b Endogenous and exogenous progesterone influence body temperature in dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science 95 23812389
Vickers LA, Burfeind O, von Keyserlingk MAG, Veira DM, Weary DM & Heuwieser W 2010 Technical note: comparison of rectal and vaginal temperatures in lactating dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science 93 52465251
Watson PF & Petrie A 2010 Method agreement analysis: a review of correct methodology. Theriogenology 73 11671179
Wenz JR, Moore DA & Kasimanickam R 2011 Factors associated with the rectal temperature of Holstein dairy cows during the first 10 days in milk. Journal of Dairy Science 94 18641872
Wrenn TR, Bitman J & Sykes JF 1958 Body temperature variations in dairy cattle during the estrous cycle and pregnancy. Journal of Dairy Science 41 10711076
Wrenn TR, Bitman J & Sykes JF 1961 Diurnal patterns of bovine body temperature. Journal of Dairy Science 44 20772080
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Dairy Research
  • ISSN: 0022-0299
  • EISSN: 1469-7629
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-dairy-research
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 2
Total number of PDF views: 31 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 324 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 17th November 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.