Skip to main content Accessibility help

Influence of thermal and other manufacturing stresses on retinol isomerization in milk and dairy products

    • Published online: 01 May 1998

An analytical procedure, based upon HPLC, has been used to determine the degree of isomerization of retinol (vitamin A) in various dairy products. In raw milks, which are not subjected to thermal processing, there was no conversion of the predominant all-trans-isomers to cis-isomers in samples from various species. Pasteurized milks with mild heat treatment (high quality milk) had an average 13-cis[ratio ]all-trans ratio of 2·6%, while pasteurized milk treated for 15 s at temperatures ranging from 72 to 76°C had an average ratio of 6·4%. Milk subjected to more severe heat treatments had a higher degree of isomerization (UHT milk, 15·7%; sterilized milk, 33·5%), consistent with increased thermal conversion of the retinol isomers. In pasteurized and UHT cream, the increase in 13-cis-isomer was also a consequence of heat treatment (pasteurized cream, 3·0%; UHT cream, 14·4%). The presence of cis isomers in fermented milk suggests that fermentation processes, directly or indirectly, can induce cistrans isomerization. In the cheeses analysed, the extent of retinol isomerization ranged from 7·6 to 35·0%. Our results confirm the importance of individual isomers in evaluating the vitamin A status of dairy products.

Corresponding author
For correspondence.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Dairy Research
  • ISSN: 0022-0299
  • EISSN: 1469-7629
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-dairy-research
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed