Skip to main content

Powerful odorants in bovine, ovine, caprine and water buffalo milk determined by means of gas chromatography–olfactometry

  • Luigi Moio (a1), Dominique Langlois (a2), Patrick Etievant (a2) and Francesco Addeo (a1)

The main compounds responsible for the aroma of bovine, ovine, caprine and water buffalo freshly secreted milk have been identified by means of a gas chromatography–olfactometry technique. Of the fourteen odour-active volatile compounds detected, eight were present in all milks studied. Ethylbutanoate and ethylhexanoate (fruit-like aroma), among the neutral odorants, were the major contributors to the odour of bovine, ovine and caprine milk. The aroma of water buffalo milk was less dependent on ethylhexanoate and was also due to l-octen-3-ol (aroma of raw mushrooms), nonanal (freshly cut grass), indole (stable, animals) and an unidentified constituent, characterized by a retention index of 828, with a typical odour of warm milk and/or smoked cheese. Other aroma components were specific for some types of milk, contributing to the complexity and richness of flavour.

Hide All
Acree, T. E., Barnard, J. & Cunningham, D. G. 1984 a A procedure for the sensory analysis of gas Chromatographic effluents. Food Chemistry 14 273286
Acree, T. E., Barnard, J. & Cunningham, D. G. 1984 b The analysis of odour-active volatiles in gas-chromatographic effluents. In Analysis of Volatiles, pp. 251267 (Ed. Schreier, P.). Berlin: De Gruyter
Cunningham, D. G., Acree, T. E., Barnard, J., Butts, R. M. & Braell, P. A. 1986 Charm analysis of apple volatiles, Food Chemistry 19 137147
Kováts, E. 1965 Gas Chromatographic characterization of organic substances in the retention index system. Advances in Chromalography 1 229247.
Moio, L., Dekimpe, J., Etievant, P. & Addeo, F. 1993 Neutral volatile compounds of raw milk from different species. Journal of Dairy Research 60 199213
Ullrich, F. & Grosch, W. 1987 Identification of the most intense volatile flavour compounds formed during autoxidation of linoleic acid. Lebensmittel-Untersuchung und -Forschung 184 277282
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Dairy Research
  • ISSN: 0022-0299
  • EISSN: 1469-7629
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-dairy-research
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *


Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed