Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

ELECTORAL FORMULA AND FRAGMENTATION IN HONG KONG

Abstract
Abstract

The directly elected representatives to Hong Kong's Legislative Council are chosen by list proportional representation (PR) using the Hare Quota and Largest Remainders (HQLR) formula. This formula rewards political alliances of small to moderate size and discourages broader unions. Hong Kong's political leaders have responded to those incentives by fragmenting their electoral alliances rather than expanding them. The level of list fragmentation observed in Hong Kong is not inherent to PR elections. Alternative PR formulas would generate incentives to form broader, more encompassing alliances. Indeed, most countries that use PR employ such formulas, and the most commonly used PR formula would generate incentives opposite to HQLR's, rewarding broader electoral alliances rather than divisions.

Copyright
References
Hide All
Richard Baum . 2000. “Democracy Deformed: Hong Kong's 1998 Legislative Elections—and Beyond.” China Quarterly 162: 439464.

Nils-Christian Bormann , and Matt Golder . 2013. “Democratic Electoral Systems Around the World, 1946–2011.” Electoral Studies 32 (2): 360369. Available at http://mattgolder.com/elections, if you want to give your readers a link to a free version.

Joseph Y. S. Cheng 2001. “Elections and Political Parties in Hong Kong's Political Development.” Journal of Contemporary Asia 31 (3): 346374.

C. K. Cheung 2005. “Who Won Political Elections in Hong Kong Over Time?Social Science Journal 42 (2): 183199.

Josep Colomer . 2004. Handbook of Electoral System Choice. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Gary W. Cox 1997. Making Votes Count: Strategic Coordination in the World's Electoral Systems. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Gary W. Cox , Frances M. Rosenbluth , and Michael F. Thies . 1999. “Electoral Reform and the Fate of Factions: The Case of Japan's Liberal Democratic Party.” British Journal of Political Science 29: 3356.

Gary W. Cox , and Matthew Soberg Shugart . 1996. “Strategic Voting Under Proportional Representation.” Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization 12 (2): 299324.

Wing K. Fung 1996. “The Last Legislative Election of Hong Kong under British Rule, 1995.” Electoral Studies 15 (1): 119123.

Karl Ho . 1999. “The Hong Kong Legislative Election of 1998.” Electoral Studies 18 (3): 438445.

Eric C. Ip 2014. “The High Court of the People: Popular Constitutionalism in Hong Kong under Chinese Sovereignty.” Law and Policy 36 (3): 314338.

Lorenz Langer . 2007. “The Elusive Aim of Universal Suffrage: Constitutional Developments in Hong Kong.” ICON—International Journal of Constitutional Law 5 (3): 419452.

Ngok Ma and Chi-keung Choy . 2003a. “The Impact of Electoral Rule Change on Party Campaign Strategy—Hong Kong as a Case Study.” Party Politics 9 (3): 347367.

Monica Pachón , and Matthew Soberg Shugart . 2010. “Electoral Reform and the Mirror Image of Inter-Party and Intra-Party Competition: The Adoption of Party Lists in Colombia.” Electoral Studies 29 (4): 648660.

Stan Yip , and Ronald Yeung . 2014. “The 2012 Legislative Council Election in Hong Kong.” Electoral Studies 35: 366370.

Baohui Zhang . 2010. “Beijing's 2007 Political Reform Plan And Prospects For Hong Kong's Democratization.” Democratization 17 (3): 442464.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of East Asian Studies
  • ISSN: 1598-2408
  • EISSN: 2234-6643
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-east-asian-studies
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 2
Total number of PDF views: 31 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 257 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 17th February 2017 - 26th September 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.