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St. Richard of Chichester1

  • E. F. Jacob (a1)

In the Middle Ages the Church of Chichester had many good, and some remarkable, pastors. It had its share of administrators: Richard le Poore, who went on to the bishopric of Salisbury and became one of the best of the early synodical legislators; Henry III's chancellor Ralph Neville; Henry Ware, official of the Court of Canterbury, appointed by Henry V in 1416 keeper of the privy seal; John Kemp, chancellor of Normandy and later archbishop, first of York, then of Canterbury; and Thomas Polton, a curialist versed in the ways of Rome. It had its scholardivines like William Reed who left a splendid collection of books to New College, among them a celebrated manuscript (No. cxxxiv) of Bradwardine's De Causa Dei; or the unhappy Reynold Pecock, silenced by the Church for his attempt at a rational interpretation of doctrine, one of the first to essay for that purpose an English philosophical vocabulary; or the early humanist John Rickingale, chancellor of Cambridge; and other clerks of talent and distinction. Not least noteworthy in the history of this Church was the episcopate of Richard of Droitwich, the close friend of archbishop Edmund of Abingdon, his faithful disciple and chancellor who accompanied him to France and, in time, came back to represent the spirit of his patron both in the diocese and in the English Church.

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page 174 note 2 Notably by Mrs. Duncan Jones (Faith Press, n. d.) and Canon J. R. H. Moorman (Theology, lvi, No. 392, 51–4, and his pamphlet published by Diocesan House, Chichester). The earliest ‘modern’ life is by Richard Clets Stevens (1692) who drew upon Ralph Bocking, Matthew Paris, Nicholas Harpsfield (16th cent.) and other sources: now MS. Lansdowne 340. The Dict. Nat. Biog. life (xlviii, 202–4) is by Mrs. Tout. Cf. also Capes, M. R., Richard de Wycke (1913).

page 174 note 3 Urban IV's Bull is printed in D. Wilkins, Concilia Magnae Britanniae et Hiberniae, 1. 743 f.

page 174 note 4 Cf. infra, 185f.

page 175 note 1 Illustrations to the life of St. Alban in Trin. Coll. Dublin, MS. E. i. 40., Oxford 1924: second fly-leaf, in the hand of Paris himself: a draft of a short letter or message: ‘G’ (the initial of the person addressed), ‘send please, to the lady countess of Arundel, Isabel, that she is to send you the book about St. Thomas the Martyr and St. Edward which I translated and illustrated and which the lady countess of Cornwall (Sanchia) may keep until Whitsuntide’.

page 175 note 2 Printed in Acta Sanctorum, 1867, 3 April, 282–316.

page 175 note 3 MS. Tiberius E. I. ii. fols. 85V-87.

page 175 note 4 Printed by Carl Horstmann, Nova Legenda Anglie, ii. 328–40. Cf. Meijer, A. de, ‘John Capgrave, O.E.S.A.’, Augustiniana, V. (1955), 435–6.

page 175 note 5 The Sanctilogium says (Ibid., ii. fol. 85V) that he became a professor of canon law, i.e. that he took his doctorate at Bologna.

page 175 note 6 The Richards are discussed by Kuttner, S. and Rathbone, E., ‘Anglo-Norman Canonists of the Twelfth Century’, in Traditio, VII. (19491951) 330f. For the biographies of die various Richards, see Russell, J. Cox, Dictionary of Writers of Thirteenth Century England (Bull.Inst.Hist.Res., Special Supplement 3, 1936), 125f., where there is a short biography of Richard Wyche.

page 176 note 1 AA. SS. 3 April, 303. If the Ouse was not tidal at Lewes, the miracle was all the greater. For an earlier analogy, cf. Vita Wulfstani, ed. R. R. Darlington, 45.

page 176 note 2 Ibid., 285.

page 176 note 3 Book of Fees, i. 38.

page 176 note 4 Dictionary of Writers, 136.

page 176 note 5 Excerpta e rotulis finium, ed. Roberts, i. 1.

page 177 note 1 Given, however, in D.N.B. as ‘1197?’.

page 177 note 2 Snappe's Formulary (Ox. Hist. Soc, 1924), 319.

page 177 note 3 Professor J. C. Russell differs from the generally accepted account of Grosseteste's academic life. In ‘Some Notes upon the Career of Robert Grosseteste’, Harvard Theological Review XLVIII. No. 3 (July 1955), 197211, he ‘suggests that by no means all the years 1214–1235 were spent in England. Robert’, he thinks, ‘took up again his associations at the University of Paris and then was associated for a brief period with Bishop Hugh Foliot of Hereford before going to Oxford, perhaps in 1225’.

page 177 note 4 ‘Robert Grosseteste’, Bull. John Rylands Lib., xxxv. no. 2, 491.

page 178 note 1 Powicke, op. cit., 492. A brief account of his position in the history of science is given by Crombie, A. C. in Robert Grosseteste, Scholar and Bishop, ed. D. A. Callus (1955), 98–120; a fully documented account being the same writer's Robert Grosseteste and the Origins of Experimental Science (1953).

page 178 note 2 A. B. Emden, An Oxford Hall in Medieval Times, 89–93.

page 178 note 3 Chronicon de Lanercost, ed. J. Stevenson, 38.

page 178 note 4 Durand, Martène et, Thesaurus novus anecdotorum, iii. cols. 1901, 1905.

page 178 note 5 Where he is calendared as Richard de Witham: Cal. Papal Lett., i. 172. In her list of chancellors, Dr. Churchill, though she suspected that the original text had ‘Wic’, did not recognise him (Canterbury Administration, ii. 244).

page 178 note 6 P.R.O., E. 164/27, fol. 93; MS. Lambeth 1212, fols. 134, 265.

page 179 note 1 Churchill, op. cit., i. 16.

page 179 note 2 C. U. Library, MS. LL. ii. 15, fols. 66, 66v.

page 179 note 3 Cotton MS. Faustina A.I. fols. 33, 45; Claudius D.X, fols. 207, 271v, 272.

page 180 note 1 AA. SS., 286.

page 180 note 2 For Passelew, cf. T. F. Tout Chapters in Medieval Administrative History, i. 220, 281; Sir Maurice Powicke, Henry III and the Lord Edward, i. 104, 123, 137, 288n.

page 180 note 3 Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1232–1247, 421.

page 180 note 4 Ibid., 422.

page 180 note 5 The Cartulary of the High Church of Chichester, ed. W. D. Peckham (Sussex Record Soc, xlvi), 8.

page 180 note 6 Cal. Pat. Rolls, 1232–1247, 420: licence to elect by John archdeacon of Chichester and Walter of Gloucester, canons of the church.

page 180 note 7 Ibid., 423.

page 180 note 8 Chronica Maiora (Rolls Ser.), iv. 401.

page 180 note 9 AA. SS., 287.

page 181 note 1 Chron. Maj., iv, 402.

page 181 note 2 Cal. Papal Lett., i. 206.

page 181 note 3 Cal. Close Rolls, 1242–1247, 352.

page 181 note 4 Cal. Papal Lett., i. 215.

page 181 note 5 Cal. Close Rolls, 1242–1247, 385.

page 182 note 1 Cal. Close Rolls, 1242–1247, 442.

page 182 note 2 W. E. Lunt, The Valuation of Norwich, 52–3.

page 182 note 3 ‘Ridens, earns et dulcis’, Bocking says (AA. SS., 285), explaining the meaning of Ricardus.

page 183 note 1 AA. SS., 291–3.

page 183 note 2 Chichester Cartulary, viii.

page 183 note 3 Ibid., 54–5, 57. For the ordination of the vicarage of Cuckfield, cf. Reg. Rede, ii. 431.

page 183 note 4 Ibid., 58–60.

page 183 note 5 Ibid., 99, no. 379.

page 183 note 6 Ibid., 20, no. 77; Reg. Rede, ii. 418–20.

page 184 note 1 Chichester Cartulary, viii. 20–21, no. 79–86.

page 184 note 2 Ibid., 21, no. 87; Reg. Rede, ii. 21.

page 184 note 3 Statutes and Constitutions of the Cathedral Church of Chichester, ed. Bennett, F. O., Codrington, R. H. and Deedes, C., Chichester 1904, 13.

page 184 note 4 History and Constitution of a Cathedral of the Old Foundation (1880), 35f.

page 185 note 1 Gibbs, M. and Lang, J., Bishops and Reform (1935), 95.

page 185 note 2 For the various borrowings, cf. Cheney, C. R., English Synodalia of the Thirteenth Century (1941), 84–9.

page 185 note 3 Printed in D. Wilkins, Concilia, i. 688 f., from MS. University College, Oxford 148, p. 183. From its contents this book clearly belonged to the Church of Chichester: Ker, N. R., Medieval Libraries in Great Britain (1941), 32.

page 187 note 1 Particularly after the Exeter Synodal Statute of 1287, regulating the duty of churchwardens: Cf. Drew, C. S., Early Parochial Organization in England (1954), 6–7.

page 187 note 2 Vict. County Hist. Sussex iii. 139 for the chapel; and Ibid., 110 for the translation.

page 187 note 3 Printed by W. H. Blaauw in Sussex Arch. Collections, i. 164–92.

1 The substance of a paper read in Chichester Cathedral in June 1953 at the seven hundredth anniversary celebration of St. Richard.

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