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Andrew Goodman-Bacon is a Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Health Policy Scholar at the University of California, Berkeley and a Research Assistant Professor in the Department of Economics at Vanderbilt University, 2301 Vanderbilt Place, Nashville, TN 37235–1819. E-mail: This dissertation was completed in 2014 in the Department of Economics at the University of Michigan under the supervision of Martha Bailey (Chair), John Bound, John DiNardo, and Helen Levy.

I gratefully acknowledge the financial support of the NICHD (T32 HD0007339) UM Population Studies Center Traineeship, the University of California-Berkeley's Center on the Economics and Demography of Aging (NIA 2P30AG012839), and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation's Health Policy Scholars program.

1 CHCs were originally called Neighborhood Health Centers, and are now part of a larger network of centers called Federally Qualified Health Centers, only some of which receive federal grants.

3 Because of large differences between white and nonwhite children in the level and the spatial patterns of AFDC receipt, I calculate both my measure of categorical eligibility and my outcomes by race throughout the analysis. I combine archival data on AFDC recipients (DHEW 2011) with administrative data on total caseloads and population to construct a race-specific AFDC participation rates.

4 The cross-sectional variation in AFDC rate also obviates the need to compare states that implemented Medicaid at different times. This strategy has been used elsewhere (cf. Strumpf 2011), but in this context I show that Medicaid timing is correlated with pre-existing trends in mortality.

5 While hospital desegregation induced by Medicare's passage in 1965 provides a plausible alternative explanation for these results (cf. Almond, Chay, and Greenstone 2006), several features of the analysis rule it out. First, most of the South implemented Medicaid in 1970, and the event-study results do not show a pre-Medicaid trend break that would be consistent with a desegregation effect. Second, the regression specification includes region-by-year fixed effects. Third, the effects are robust to dropping all or part the South. Fourth, hospital desegregation primarily affected post-neonatal infant mortality due to gastrointestinal disease, while my effects are almost entirely due to changes in first-day mortality, long before such infectious diseases could take their toll.

Natacha Postel-Vinay, Postdoctoral Fellow, Department of Economics and CAGE, University of Warwick. E-mail: . This dissertation was completed under the supervision of Olivier Accominotti and Albrecht Ritschl at the London School of Economics.

Zachary Ward, Assistant Professor, Research School of Economics, Australian National University. E-mail: . This dissertation was completed under the supervision of Ann Carlos, Michael Greenwood, Brian Cadena, Carol Shiue, and Murat Iyigun at the University of Colorado.

José-Antonio Espín-Sánchez, Assistant Professor, Economics Department, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut. E-mail: This dissertation was written under the supervision of Joel Mokyr, Joe Ferrie, Regina Grafe, and Robert Porter at Northwestern University.

1 The account of historical events is described in Llopis (1998).

Amanda Gregg is Assistant Professor, Department of Economics, Middlebury College, 303 College Street, Middlebury, VT 05753. E-mail: This dissertation was completed at Yale University under the supervision of Timothy Guinnane (chair), Naomi Lamoreaux, and Mark Rosenzweig.

The project was supported by grants from the National Science Foundation, the Yale University MacMillan Center, the Economic History Association, the Sasakawa Young Leaders Fellowship Fund, the Yale Program in Economic History, and the Yale University Economic Growth Center. I am grateful to the staff of the National Library of Russia and the Russian State Historical Archive for their kind and patient assistance. Inna Borovnik, Doniyor Djalilov, Volha Halkouskaya, Dmytro Lianka, Ella Saginadze, Andrew Shore, and Galina Zagumennova provided meticulous research assistance.

1 In Russian, aktsionernye obshchestva and tovarishchestva na paiakh.

2 I focus attention on total share capital, par share value, and number of shares as measured in 1905, comparing A-corporations to share partnerships founded before versus after the reform. Measuring each variable in 1905 shows how the law worked in practice, since I can examine how the law affected firms that existed before the law's passage, and controls for inflation and other economic shocks.

Casey Marina Lurtz, Academy Scholar, Harvard Academy for International and Area Studies. E-mail: This dissertation was completed at the University of Chicago under the supervision of Emilio Kourí, Mauricio Tenorio, and Dain Borges. My advisors were: Committee Chair: Emilio Kourí, Department Chair, Department of History, University of Chicago. Other members: Mauricio Tenorio, Samuel N. Harper Professor of History, Romance Languages and Literatures, and the College, University of Chicago; Dain Borges, Associate Professor of History and the College, University of Chicago.

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The Journal of Economic History
  • ISSN: 0022-0507
  • EISSN: 1471-6372
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-economic-history
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