Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Time and Work in Eighteenth-Century London

  • Hans-Joachim Voth (a1)

Abstract

Witnesses' accounts are used to analyze changes in working hours between 1750 and 1800. Two findings stand out. The article demonstrates that the information contained in witnesses' accounts allows us to reconstruct historical time-budgets and provides extensive tests of the new method. Estimates of annual labor input in 1749/63 and 1799/1803 are presented. It emerges that the number of annual working hours changed rapidly between the middle and the of the eighteenth century. These findings have important implications for the issue of total factor productivity during the Industrial Revolution.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Berg, Maxine, and Hudson, Pat. “Rehabilitating the Industrial Revolution.” Economic Histoiy Review 45, 1 (1992): 2450.
Bienefeld, Michael. Working Hours in British Industry: An Economic History. London: Weidenfeld and Nicholson, 1972.
Briggs, Asa. “Comment.” In “Work and Leisure in Industrial Society.” Past and Present 30 (1965): 9698.
Campbell, Richard. The London Tradesman. London: T. Gardner, 1747.
City of London and County of Middlesex. Old Bailey Session Papers. Whole Proceedings on the King 's Commission of the Peace, and Oyer and Terminer and Gaol Delivery for Newgate. London, various years.
Clark, Gregory, and van der Werf, Y.. “The Industrious Revolution or the Calvinist Middle Ages? Agrarian Work Life in Pre-Industhal England.” Working Paper 87, Agricultural History Center, University of California at Davis, 1996.
Clark, Gregory. “A Revolution Too Many: The Agricultural Revolution, 1700–1850.” Working Paper 91, Agricultural History Center, University of California at Davis, 1997.
Crafts, N. F. R., and Harley, C. Knick. “Output Growth and the Industrial Revolution: A Restatement of the Crafts-Harley View.” Economic History Review 45, 4 (1992): 703–30.
Crafts, N. F. R.British Economic Growth during the Industrial Revolution. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1985.
Craine, Roger. “On the Service Flow from Labour.” Review of Economic Studies 40, 11 (1973): 3645.
Demaris, Alexander. Logit Modeling. Practical Applications. Newbury Park: Sage 1992.
de Vries, Jan,. “Between Purchasing Power and the World of Goods: Understanding the Household Economy in Early Modern Europe.” In Consumption and the World of Goods, edited by Porter, R. and Brewer, J., 85132. London: Routledge 1993.
de Vries, Jan,. “The Industrial Revolution and the Industrious Revolution.” this JOURNAL 54, 2 (1994): 249–70.
Feinstein, Charles H. “Conjectures and Contrivances: Economic Growth and the Standard of Living in Britain During the Industrial Revolution.” Oxford Economic History Working Paper No. 9, 1996.
Feldstein, Martin. “Specification of Labour Input in the Aggregate Production Function.” Review of Economic Studies 34 (1967).
Freudenberger, Herman, and Cummins, Gaylord. “Health, Work and Leisure before the Industrial Revolution.” Explorations in Economic History 13, 1 (1976): 112.
Freudenberger, Herman. “Das Arbeitsjahr.” In Wirtschaftliche und soziale Strukturen im sækularen Wandel. Festschrift für Wilhelm Abel zum 70. Geburtstag, Bd.2. Die vorindustrielle Zeit: Auβeragrarische Probleme, edited by Ingomar, Bog et al., 85108. Hannover: n.p., 1974.
Hardy, Melissa. Regression with Dummy Variables, Newbury Park: Sage 1993.
Harris, Michael. “Introduction.” In The Old Bailey Proceedings. Parts One and Two. A Listing and Guide to the Harvester Microfilm Collection, 1714–1834, 171. Brighton: Harvester Press, 1984.
Hauck, Walter, and Donner, Allan. “Wald's Test as Applied to Hypotheses in Logit Analysis,” Journal of the American Statistical Association 72 (1977): 851–53.
Hopkins, Eric. “Working Hours and Conditions during the Industrial Revolution: A Re-Appraisal.” Economic History Review 35, 1 (1982): 5266.
Huberman, Michael, and Lewchuk, Wayne. “Glory Days? Work Hours, Labor Market Regulations and Convergence in Late Nineteenth Century Europe.” Paper presented at the All-U.C. Group in Economic History Conference, University of California, Davis, 11 1416, 1997.
Johnson, Paul, and Nicholas, Steve. “Health and Welfare of Women in the United Kingdom 1785–1920.” Paper presented to the NBER conference on health and welfare during industrialization, Cambridge, MA, 04 2122, 1995.
Jones, Eric. Agriculture and the Industrial Revolution (New York: Wiley, 1974).
Thomas, Juster F., Thomas, F.. “Response Errors in the Measurement of Time Use.” Journal of the American Statistical Association 81, 394 (1986): 390402.
Thomas, Juster F., Thomas, F., and Stafford, Frank. “The Allocation of Time: Empirical Findings, Behavioral Models, and Problems of Measurement.” Journal of Economic Literature 29, 2 (1991): 471522.
King, Peter. “Pauper Inventories and the Material Lives of the Poor in the Eighteenth and Early Nineteenth Centuries.” Unpublished manuscript, Cambridge 1995.
Komlos, John. Nutrition and Economic Development in the Eighteenth Century Habsburg Monarchy. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1989.
Komlos, John. “The Secular Trend in the Biological Standard of Living.” Economic History Review 46, 1 (1993): 115–44.
Leslie, Derek. “The Productivity of Hours in U.S. Manufacturing Industries.” The Review of Economics and Statistics 66, 3 (1984): 486–90.
Lindert, Peter, and Williamson, Jeffrey. “Revising England's Social Tables, 1688–1913.” Explorations in Economic History 19, 4 (1982): 385408.
Maddison, Angus. Dynamic Forces in Capitalist Development. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991.
Matthews, Robin, Feinstein, Charles H., and John, C. Odling-Smee. British Economic Growth 1856–1973. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1982.
McCloskey, D. N. “1780–1860: A Survey.” The Economic History of Britain Since 1700, 2d ed., edited by Floud, Roderick and McCloskey, Donald, 242–70. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994.
Millan, J.Coins, Weights and Measure of all Nations reduced into English. London, 1749.
Mokyr, Joel. “The Industrial Revolution and the New Economic History.” In The Economics of the Industrial Revolution, edited by Mokyr, Joel, 151. Totowa: Rowman & Allanheld, 1985.
Mokyr, Joel. “The New Economic History and the Industrial Revolution.” In The British Industrial Revolution. An Economic Perspective, edited by Mokyr, Joel, 1131. Boulder: Westview Press, 1993.
Nicholas, Stephen. “British Economic Performance and Total Factor Productivity Growth, 1870–1940.” Economic History Review 38, 4 (1985): 576–82. P.R.O. (Kew) Rail 883–189.
Phelps, Brown E. H., and Browne, Sheila V.. “Labor Hours: Hours of Work.” Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences 7 (New York, 1968).
Pollard, Sidney. “Labour in Great Britain.” In The Cambridge Economic History of Europe, vol. 7: The Industrial Economies: Capital, Labour, and Enterprise, edited by Mathias, Peter and Postan, Michael, 97179. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1978.
Reid, Douglas. “The Decline of St. Monday, 1776–1876.” Past and Present 71 (1976): 76100.
Rule, John. The Experience of Labour in Eighteenth Century Industry. London: St. Martin's, 1981.
Rule, John. The Labouring Classes in Early Industrial England 1750–1850. London and New York: Longman, 1986.
Schwarz, L. D.The Standard of Living in the Long Run: London, 1700–1860.” Economic History Review 38, 1 (1985): 2441.
Schwarz, L. D.London in the Age of Industrialization: Entrepreneurs, Labour Force, and Living Conditions, 1700–1850. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992.
Solow, Richard, and Temin, Peter. “The Inputs for Growth.” In The Cambridge Economic History of Europe, vol. 7: The Industrial Economies: Capital, Labour, and Enterprise, edited by Mathias, Peter and Postan, Michael, 127. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1978.
Thompson, E. P.Time, Work-Discipline, and Industrial Capitalism.” Past and Present 38 (1967): 5697.
Voth, Hans-Joachim. “Why Did Working Hours Increase in Eighteenth-Century London? Labour Supply Decisions and Consumer Durables During the Industrial Revolution.” University of Oxford Discussion Paper in Social and Economic History, no. 8 (1996).

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

Time and Work in Eighteenth-Century London

  • Hans-Joachim Voth (a1)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.