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Bank Loans with Chinese Characteristics: Some Evidence on Inside Debt in a State-Controlled Banking System

  • Warren Bailey (a1), Wei Huang (a2) and Zhishu Yang (a3)

We study a transitional economy where state-controlled banks make loan decisions based on noisy inside information on prospective borrowers, and may lend to avert unemployment and social instability. In China, poor financial performance and high managerial expenses increase the likelihood of obtaining a bank loan, and bank loan approval predicts poor subsequent borrower performance. Negative event study responses occur at bank loan announcements, particularly for borrowers measuring poorly on quality and creditworthiness, or for lenders or borrowers involved in litigation regarding loans. Our results highlight dilemmas in a state-led financial system and the local stock market’s sophistication in interpreting news.

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Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis
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