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Firm Innovation in Emerging Markets: The Role of Finance, Governance, and Competition

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  01 June 2011

Meghana Ayyagari
Affiliation:
School of Business, George Washington University, 2201 G Street NW, Washington, DC 20052. ayyagari@gwu.edu
Asli Demirgüç-Kunt
Affiliation:
World Bank, 1818 H Street, NW, Washington, DC 20433. ademirguckunt@worldbank.org
Vojislav Maksimovic
Affiliation:
Smith School of Business, University of Maryland, Van Munching Hall, College Park, MD 20742. vmaksimovic@rhsmith.umd.edu
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Abstract

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We investigate the firm characteristics associated with innovation in over 19,000 firms across 47 developing economies. While existing finance literature on innovation is limited to large public firms in developed markets such as the United States, our database includes public and private firms, and small and medium-sized enterprises. We define innovation broadly to include introduction of new products and technologies, knowledge transfers, and new production processes. We find that access to external financing is associated with greater firm innovation. Further, having highly educated managers, ownership by families, individuals, or managers, and exposure to foreign competition is associated with greater firm innovation.

Type
Research Articles
Copyright
Copyright © Michael G. Foster School of Business, University of Washington 2011

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