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  • Cited by 9
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    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Noguchi, Takashi 2012. Efforts to Solve the Bathtub Vortex Problem. JPSJ News and Comments, Vol. 9, p. 10.

    Yokoyama, Naoto Maruyama, Yuki and Mizushima, Jiro 2012. Origin of the Bathtub Vortex and Its Formation Mechanism. Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, Vol. 81, Issue. 7, p. 074401.

    Carriveau, Rupp Kopp, Gregory A. and Baddour, Raouf E. 2009. Free-surface stretching-sustained intake vortices. Journal of Hydraulic Research, Vol. 47, Issue. 4, p. 486.

    Tyvand, Peder A. and Haugen, Kjetil B. 2005. An impulsive bathtub vortex. Physics of Fluids, Vol. 17, Issue. 6, p. 062105.

    Mazzaferro, G. M. Piva, M. Ferro, S. P. Bissio, P. Iglesias, M. Calvo, A. and Goldschmit, M. B. 2004. Experimental and numerical analysis of ladle teeming process. Ironmaking & Steelmaking, Vol. 31, Issue. 6, p. 503.

    Fernandez-Feria, R. and Sanmiguel-Rojas, E. 2000. On the appearance of swirl in a confined sink flow. Physics of Fluids, Vol. 12, Issue. 11, p. 3082.

    Hayduk, Walter and Neale, Graham 1978. Vortex formation in stirred draining vessels. The Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering, Vol. 56, Issue. 5, p. 544.

    Ackerberg, R. C. 1973. Boundary-layer separation at a free streamline. Part 3. Axisymmetric flow and the flow downstream of separation. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 59, Issue. 04, p. 645.

    Kelly, D. L. Martin, B. W. and Taylor, E. S. 1964. A further note on the bathtub vortex. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Vol. 19, Issue. 04, p. 539.


A note on the bathtub vortex

  • Merwin Sibulkin (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 March 2006

Observations were made of the vortex motion which occurs when a liquid is draining from a vessel through a hole in its bottom. It was found that, for relatively quiescent initial conditions, the direction of rotation reversed as the liquid surface approached the bottom of the vessel. An explanation of this phenomenon is proposed which is based upon the vorticity associated with the circumferential component of the flow in the boundary layer on the bottom of the vessel.

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Journal of Fluid Mechanics
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  • EISSN: 1469-7645
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