This paper presents laser-Doppler measurements of the mean velocity and statistical moments of turbulent velocity fluctuations in the near-wall region of a fully developed pipe flow at low Reynolds numbers. A refractive-index-matched fluid was used in a Duran-glass test section to permit access to the near-wall region without distortion of the laser beams. All measurements were corrected for the influence of the finite size of measuring control volume. Measurements of long-time statistical averages of all three fluctuating velocity components in the near-wall region are presented. It is shown that the turbulence intensities in the wall region do not scale with inner variables. However, the limiting behaviour of the intensity components very close to the wall show only small variations with the Reynolds number. Measurements of higher-order statistical moments, the skewness and flatness factors, of axial and tangential velocity components confirm the limiting behaviour of these quantities obtained from direct numerical simulations of turbulent channel flow. The comparison of measured data with those obtained from direct numerical simulations reveals that noticeable discrepancies exist between them only with regard to the flatness factor of the radial velocity component near the wall. The measured v’ flatness factor does not show the steep rise close to the wall indicated by numerical simulations. Analysis of the measured data in the near-wall region reveals significant discrepancies between the present LDA measurements and experimental results obtained using the hot-wire anemometry.
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