We present a family of steadily rotating equilibrium states consisting of helically symmetric vortices in an incompressible inviscid irrotational unbounded fluid. These vortices are described by contours bounding regions of uniform axial vorticity. Helical symmetry implies material conservation of axial vorticity (in the absolute frame of reference) when the flow field parallel to vortex lines is proportional to (1+ϵ2r2)−1/2, where ϵ is the pitch and r is the distance from the axis. This material conservation property enables equilibria to be calculated simply by a restriction on the helical stream function. The states are parameterized by their mean radius and centroid position. In the case of a single vortex, parameter space cannot be fully filled by our numerical approach. We conjecture multiply connected contours will characterize equilibria where the algorithm fails. We also consider multiple vortices, evenly azimuthally spaced about the origin. Stability properties are investigated numerically using a helical CASL algorithm.
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.
* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 23rd June 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.