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Regimes during liquid drop impact on a liquid pool

  • Bahni Ray (a1), Gautam Biswas (a2) and Ashutosh Sharma (a3)

Water drops falling on a deep pool can either coalesce to form a vortex ring or splash, depending on the impact conditions. The transition between coalescence and splashing proceeds via a number of intermediate steps, such as thick and thin jet formation and gas-bubble entrapment. We perform simulations to determine the conditions under which bubble entrapment and jet formation occur. A regime map is established for Weber numbers ranging from 50 to 300 and Froude numbers from 25 to 600. Vortex ring formation is seen for all of the regimes; it is greater for the coalescence regime and less in the case of the thin jet regime.

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