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  • Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Volume 470
  • November 2002, pp. 383-410

Three-dimensional nonlinear solitary waves in shallow water generated by an advancing disturbance

  • YILE LI (a1) and PAUL D. SCLAVOUNOS (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 31 October 2002

The nonlinear long waves generated by a disturbance moving at subcritical, critical and supercritical speed in unbounded shallow water are investigated. The problem is formulated by a new modified generalized Boussinesq equation and solved numerically by an implicit finite-difference algorithm. Three-dimensional upstream solitary waves with significant amplitude are generated with a periodicity by a pressure distribution or slender strut advancing on the free surface. The crestlines of these solitons are almost perfect parabolas with decreasing curvature with respect to time. Behind the disturbance, a complicated, divergent Kelvin-like wave pattern is formed. It is found that, unlike the wave breaking phenomena in a narrow channel at Fh [ges ] 1.2, the three- dimensional upstream solitons form several parabolic water humps and are blocked ahead of the disturbance at supercritical speed in an unbounded domain for large time.

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Journal of Fluid Mechanics
  • ISSN: 0022-1120
  • EISSN: 1469-7645
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-fluid-mechanics
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