Skip to main content
×
×
Home

115 year ice-core data from Akademii Nauk ice cap, Severnaya Zemlya: high-resolution record of Eurasian Arctic climate change

  • Thomas Opel (a1) (a2), Diedrich Fritzsche (a1), Hanno Meyer (a1), Rainer Schütt (a1), Karin Weiler (a3) (a4), Urs Ruth (a3), Frank Wilhelms (a3) and Hubertus Fischer (a3) (a4)...
Abstract

From 1999 to 2001 a 724 m deep ice core was drilled on Akademii Nauk ice cap, Severnaya Zemlya, to gain high-resolution proxy data from the central Russian Arctic. Despite strong summertime meltwater percolation, this ice core provides valuable information on the regional climate and environmental history. We present data of stable water isotopes, melt-layer content and major ions from the uppermost 57 m of this core, covering the period 1883–1998. Dating was achieved by counting seasonal isotopic cycles and using reference horizons. Multi-annual δ18O values reflect Eurasian sub-Arctic and Arctic surface air-temperature variations. We found strong correlations to instrumental temperature data from some stations (e.g. r = 0.62 for Vardø, northern Norway). The δ18O values show pronounced 20th-century temperature changes, with a strong rise about 1920 and the absolute temperature maximum in the 1930s. A recent decrease in the deuterium-excess time series indicates an increasing role of the Kara Sea as a regional moisture source. From the multi-annual ion variations we deduced decreasing sea-salt aerosol trends in the 20th century, as reflected by sodium and chloride, whereas sulphate and nitrate are strongly affected by anthropogenic pollution.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      115 year ice-core data from Akademii Nauk ice cap, Severnaya Zemlya: high-resolution record of Eurasian Arctic climate change
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      115 year ice-core data from Akademii Nauk ice cap, Severnaya Zemlya: high-resolution record of Eurasian Arctic climate change
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      115 year ice-core data from Akademii Nauk ice cap, Severnaya Zemlya: high-resolution record of Eurasian Arctic climate change
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
References
Hide All
Alexandrov, E.I., Radinov, V.F. and Svyashchennikov, P.N.. 2000. Climatic regime and its changes in the region of the Barents and Kara seas. In Transport and fate of contaminants in the northern seas. Sea ice project package. St Petersburg, Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute. (AARI final report.)
Bolshiyanov, D.Y. and Makeyev, V.M.. 1995. Arkhipelag Severnaya Zemlya: oledeneniye, istoriya razvitiya prirodnoy sredy (Severnaya Zemlya Archipelago: glaciation and historical development of the natural environment). St Petersburg, Gidrometeoizdat.
Brohan, P., Kennedy, J.J., Harris, I., Tett, S.F.B. and Jones, P. D.. 2006. Uncertainty estimates in regional and global observed temperature changes: a new data set from 1850. J. Geophys. Res., 111(12), D12106. (10.1029/2005JD006548.)
Craig, H. 1961. Isotopic variations in meteoric waters. Science, 133(3465), 17021703.
Dansgaard, W. 1964. Stable isotopes in precipitation. Tellus, 16(4), 436468.
Divine, D.V. and 8 others. 2008. Deuterium excess record from a small Arctic ice cap. J. Geophys. Res., 113(D19), D19104. (10.1029/2008JD010076.)
Dowdeswell, J.A. and 10 others. 2002. Form and flow of the Academy of Sciences ice cap, Severnaya Zemlya, Russian High Arctic. J. Geophys. Res., 107(B4), 2076. (10.1029/ 2000JB000129.)
Fritzsche, D. and 6 others. 2002. A new deep ice core from Akademii Nauk ice cap, Severnaya Zemlya, Eurasian Arctic: first results. Ann. Glaciol., 35, 2528.
Fritzsche, D. and 6 others. 2005. A 275 year ice-core record from Akademii Nauk ice cap, Severnaya Zemlya, Russian Arctic. Ann. Glaciol., 42, 361366.
Fröhlich, K., Gibson, J.J., and Aggarwal, P.K.. 2002. Deuterium excess in precipitation and its climatological significance. Study of environmental change using isotope techniques. Vienna International Atomic Energy Agency, 54–65. (C&S Papers Series 13/P.)
Gray, S.T., Graumlich, L.J., Betancourt, J.L. and Pederson, G.T.. 2004. A tree-ring based reconstruction of the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation since 1567 A.D. Geophys. Res. Lett., 31(12), L12205. (10.1029/2004GL019932.)
Henderson, K.A. 2002. An ice core paleoclimate study of Windy Dome, Franz Josef Land (Russia): development of a recent climate history for the Barents Sea. (PhD thesis, The Ohio State University.)
Hoffmann, G., Jouzel, J. and Johnsen, S.. 2001. Deuterium excess record from central Greenland over the last millennium: hints of a North Atlantic signal during the Little Ice Age. J. Geophys. Res., 106(D13), 14,26514,274.
Iizuka, Y., Igarashi, M., Kamiyama, K., Motoyama, H. and Watanabe, O.. 2002. Ratios of Mg2+/Na+ in snowpack and an ice core at Austfonna ice cap, Svalbard, as an indicator of seasonal melting. J. Glaciol., 48(162), 452460.
Isaksson, E. and 14 others. 2001. A new ice-core record from Lomonosovfonna, Svalbard: viewing the 1920–97 data in relation to present climate and environmental conditions. J. Glaciol., 47(157), 335345.
Isaksson, E. and 10 others. 2005. Two ice-core 18O records from Svalbard illustrating climate and sea-ice variability over the last 400 years. Holocene, 15(4), 501509.
Johnsen, S.J., Dansgaard, W. and White, J.W.C.. 1989. The origin of Arctic precipitation under present and glacial conditions. Tellus, 41B(4), 452468.
Kekonen, T. and 6 others. 2005. The 800 year long ion record from the Lomonosovfonna (Svalbard) ice core. J. Geophys. Res., 110(D7), D07304. (10.1029/2004JD005223.)
Koerner, R.M. 1977. Devon Island ice cap: core stratigraphy and paleoclimate. Science, 196(4285), 1518.
Koerner, R.M. 1997. Some comments on climatic reconstructions from ice cores drilled in areas of high melt. J. Glaciol., 43(143), 9097.
Koerner, R.M. and Fisher, D.A.. 2002. Ice-core evidence for widespread Arctic glacier retreat in the Last Interglacial and the early Holocene. Ann. Glaciol., 35, 1924.
Kotlyakov, V.M., Arkhipov, S.M., Henderson, K.A. and Nagornov, O.V.. 2004. Deep drilling of glaciers in Eurasian Arctic as a source of paleoclimate records. Quat. Sci. Rev., 23(11–13), 13711390.
Kuhn, M. 2000. Severnaja automatic weather station data (Severnaja Zemlja). In The response of Arctic ice mass to climate change (ICEMASS). Third Year Report (January–December 2000). European Commission, Framework IV, Environment and Climate Research Programme (DG XII), contract ENV4-CT97–0490. Oslo, University of Oslo, 7-8–7-14.
Legrand, M. and Mayewski, P.. 1997. Glaciochemistry of polar ice cores: a review. Rev. Geophys., 35(3), 219243.
Meyer, H., Schönicke, L., Wand, U., Hubberten, H.W. and Friedrichsen, H.. 2000. Isotope studies of hydrogen and oxygen in ground ice. Isot. Environ. Health Stud., 36(2), 133149.
North Greenland Ice Core Project (NorthGRIP) Members. 2004. High-resolution record of Northern Hemisphere climate extending into the last interglacial period. Nature, 431(7005), 147151.
Overpeck, J. and 17 others. 1997. Arctic environmental change of the last four centuries. Science, 278(5341), 12511256.
Pinglot, J.F. and 13 others. 2003. Ice cores from Arctic sub-polar glaciers: chronology and post-depositional processes deduced from radioactivity measurements. J. Glaciol., 49(164), 149158.
Pohjola, V. and 7 others. 2002a. Effect of periodic melting on geochemical and isotopic signals in an ice core on Lomonosov-fonna, Svalbard. J. Geophys. Res., 107(D4), 4036. (10.1029/ 2000JD000149.)
Pohjola, V.A. and 6 others. 2002b. Reconstruction of three centuries of annual accumulation rates based on the record of stable isotopes of water from Lomonosovfonna, Svalbard. Ann. Glaciol., 35, 5762.
Polyakov, I.V. and 8 others. 2003a. Long-term ice variability in Arctic marginal seas. J. Climate, 16(12), 20782085.
Polyakov, I.V. and 7 others. 2003b. Variability and trends of air temperature and pressure in the maritime Arctic. J. Climate, 16(12), 20672077.
Przybylak, R. 2007. Recent air-temperature changes in the Arctic. Ann. Glaciol., 46, 316324.
Rozanski, K., Araguás-Araguás, L. and Gonfiantini, R.. 1993. Isotopic patterns in modern global precipitation. In Swart, P.K., Lohmann, K.C., McKenzie, J.A. and Savin, S., eds. Climate change in continental isotopic records. Washington, DC, American Geophysical Union, 136.
Ruth, U. and 6 others. 2004. Comprehensive 1000 year climatic history from an intermediate-depth ice core from the south dome of Berkner Island, Antarctica: methods, dating and first results. Ann. Glaciol., 39, 146154.
Svensson, A. and 7 others. 2005. Visual stratigraphy of the North Greenland Ice Core Project (NorthGRIP) ice core during the last glacial period. J. Geophys. Res., 110(D2), D02108. (10.1029/ 2004JD005134.)
Tarussov, A.. 1992. The Arctic from Svalbard to Severnaya Zemlya: climatic reconstructions from ice cores. In Bradley, R.S. and Jones, P.D., eds. Climate since A.D. 1500. London and New York, Routledge, 505516.
Vinogradova, A.A. and Egorov, V.A.. 1996. Long-range pollutant transport into the Russian Arctic. Atmos. Ocean Phys., 32(6), 731737.
Vinogradova, A.A. and Ponomareva, T.Ya.. 1999. Air exchange between the Russian Arctic and the surrounding atmosphere in spring–summer periods from 1986 to 1995. Atmos. Ocean Phys., 35(5), 532539.
Watanabe, O. and 7 others. 2001. Studies on climatic and environmental changes during the last few hundred years using ice cores from various sites in Nordaustlandet, Svalbard. Mem. Natl. Inst. Polar Res., Special Issue 54, 227242.
Weiler, K., Fischer, H., Fritzsche, D., Ruth, U., Wilhelms, F. and Miller, H.. 2005. Glaciochemical reconnaissance of a new ice core from Severnaya Zemlya, Eurasian Arctic. J. Glaciol., 51(172), 6474.
Wilhelms, F. 2000. Messung dielektrischer Eigenschaften polarer Eiskerne. Ber. Polarforsch./Rep. Pol. Res. 367.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Glaciology
  • ISSN: 0022-1430
  • EISSN: 1727-5652
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-glaciology
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 20
Total number of PDF views: 71 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 282 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 8th September 2017 - 21st August 2018. This data will be updated every 24 hours.