Skip to main content Accesibility Help
×
×
Home

Helminth parasites of the wolf Canis lupus from Latvia

  • G. Bagrade (a1), M. Kirjušina (a2), K. Vismanis (a3) and J. Ozoliņš (a4)
Abstract

Thirty-four wolves were collected between 2003 and 2008 from throughout Latvia and examined for helminths. A total of 17 helminth species were recorded: the trematode Alaria alata (85.3%); the cestodes Diphyllobothrium latum (2.9%), Echinococcus granulosus (2.9%), Echinococcus multilocularis (5.9%), Mesocestoides lineatus (5.9%), Taenia crassiceps (8.8%), Taenia hydatigena (41.2%), Taenia (ovis) krabbei (8.8%), Taenia multiceps (47.1%), Taenia pisiformis (20.6%), Taenia polyacantha (11.8%), Taenia spp. (8.8%); and the nematodes Ancylostoma caninum (2.9%), Crenosoma vulpis (9.1%), Eucoleus aerophilus (36.4%), Pearsonema plica (41.4%), Trichinella spp. (69.7%), Toxocara canis (5.8%), and Uncinaria stenocephala (41.2%). Alaria alata presented the highest mean intensity (403.8). All animals were infected with at least one species of parasite, while the maximum recorded in one specimen was eight. No differences in the intensity or prevalence of any helminth species were found among the host based on age and gender, except for T. multiceps which was more prevalent in adults than in juveniles.

Copyright
Corresponding author
*Fax: +371 7356027 E-mail: guna.bagrade@dabasmuzejs.gov.lv
References
Hide All
Abuladze, K.I. (1964) Taeniata of animals and man and diseases caused by them. pp. 528 in Skrjabin, K.I. (Ed.) Essentials of cestodology. Vol. 4, Moscow, Nauka.
Andersone, Ž. & Ozoliņš, J. (2000) Craniometrical characteristics and dental anomalies in wolves Canis lupus from Latvia. Acta Theriologica 45, 549558.
Andersone, Ž. & Ozoliņš, J. (2004) Food habits of wolves Canis lupus in Latvia. Acta Theriologica 49, 357367.
Andersone-Lilley, Ž. & Ozoliņš, J. (2005) Game mammals in Latvia: present status and future prospects. Scottish Forestry 59, 1318.
Bagrade, G., Vismanis, K., Kirjušina, M. & Ozoliņš, J. (2003) Preliminary results on helminthofauna of lynx (Lynx Lynx) in Latvia. Acta Zoologica Lithuanica 13, 37.
Boitani, L. (2000) Action plan for the conservation of the wolves (Canis lupus) in Europe. Nature and Environment 113, 186.
Craig, H.L. & Craig, P.S. (2005) Helminth parasites of wolves (Canis lupus): a species list and an analysis of published prevalence studies in Nearctic and Palearctic populations. Journal of Helminthology 79, 95103.
Craig, P.S., Rogan, M.T. & Campos-Ponce, M. (2003) Echinococcosis: disease, detection and transmission. Parasitology 127, 520.
EC Commission (2005) Regulation No. 2075/2005 of 5 December, laying down specific rules on official controls for Trichinella in meat. Official Journal of the European Union (22.12.2005), L338/60-82.
Eckert, J., Conraths, F.J. & Tackmann, K. (2000) Echinococcosis: an emerging or re-emerging zoonosis? International Journal of Parasitology 30, 12831294.
Guberti, V., Stancampiano, L. & Francisci, F. (1993) Intestinal helminth parasite community in wolves (Canis lupus) in Italy. Parassitologia 35, 5965.
Hirvela-Koski, V., Haukisalmi, V., Kilpela, S.S., Nylund, M. & Koski, P. (2003) Echinococcus granulosus in Finland. Veterinary Parasitology 111, 173192.
Jakšić, S., Uhitil, S. & Vučemilo, M. (2002) Mesocercariae of fluke Alaria alata determined in wild boar meat. Zeitschrift für Jagdwissenschaft 48, 203207.
Jarvis, T. & Miller, I. (2004) Epidemiology of wild animal trichinellosis in Estonia. Proceedings of the International Conference ‘Animals Health Food quality’. Jelgava, Latvia, pp. 8184.
Jędrzejewska, B. & Jędrzejewski, W. (1998) Predation in vertebrate communities. The Białowieża Primeval Forest as a case of study. 452 pp. Berlin, Springer Verlag.
Jushkov, V.F. (1995) Fauna of European part of Russia. Helminths of mammals. 200 pp. Saint Petersburg, Nauka (in Russian).
Kapel, C.M.O., Malakauskas, A., Jarvis, T., Keidans, P., Paulauskas, V. & Maddok-Hyttel, C. (2003) Trichinellosis. 55 pp. Jelgava, LLU (in Latvian).
Kazlauskas, J. & Matuzevičius, A. (1981) On the helminth fauna and ecology of lynxes in Lithuania. Acta Parasitologica Lithuanica 19, 811(in Russian with English summary).
Kazlauskas, J. & Prūsaitė, J. (1976) Helminths of the order Carnivora in Lithuania. Acta Parasitologica Lituanica 14, 3341(in Russian with English summary).
Keidans, P., Krūklite, A., Keidane, D. & Kapel, C.M.O. (2004) The distribution of Trichinella species in game animals and domestic pigs in Latvia. Proceedings of the International Conference ‘Animals Health Food quality’. Jelgava, Latvia, pp. 131135.
Keidāns, P., Krūklīte, A. & Keidāne, D. (2005) Endoparasites of red foxes in Latvia. Proceedings of the First Symposium of the Scandinavian–Baltic Society for Parasitology, Vilnius, Lithuania, p. 81.
Klevezal, G.A. (1988) Age-related structures in zoological studies of mammals. 288 pp. Moscow, Nauka (in Russian).
Kloch, A., Bednarska, M. & Bajer, A. (2005) Intestinal macro- and microparasites of wolves (Canis lupus L.) from north-eastern Poland recovered by coprological study. Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine 12, 237245.
Kozlov, D.P. (1977) Key for parasite determination of carnivores of Soviet Union. 245 pp. Moscow, Nauka (in Russian).
Loos-Frank, B. (2000) An up-date of Verster's (1969) ‘Taxonomic revision of the genus Taenia Linnaeus’ (Cestoda) in table format. Systematic Parasitology 45, 155183.
Malakauskas, A., Paulauskas, V., Järvis, T., Keidans, P., Eddi, C. & Kapel, C.M.O. (2007) Molecular epidemiology of Trichinella spp. in three Baltic countries: Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia. Parasitology Research 100, 687693.
Martínek, K., Kolárová, L., Hapl, E. & Literák, I. (2001) Echinococcus multilocularis in European wolves (Canis lupus). Parasitology Research 87, 838839.
Moks, E., Jõgisalu, I., Saarma, U., Talvik, H., Järvis, T. & Valdmann, H. (2006) Helminthologic survey of the wolf (Canis lupus) in Estonia, with an emphasis on Echinococcus granulosus. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 42, 359365.
Okarma, H. (1995) The trophic ecology of wolves and their predatory role in ungulate communities of forest ecosystems in Europe. Acta Theriologica 40, 335386.
Ozoliņš, J., Andersone, Ž. & Pupila, A. (2001) Status and management prospects of the wolf Canis lupus L. in Latvia. Baltic Forestry 7, 6369.
Pozio, E. (1998) Trichinellosis in the European Union: epidemiology, ecology and economic impact. Parasitology Today 14, 3538.
Pozio, E., Miller, I., Jarvis, T., Kapel, C.M.O. & La Rosa, G. (1998) Distribution of sylvatic species of Trichinella in Estonia according to climate zones. Journal of Parasitology 84, 193195.
Pozio, E., Casulli, A., Bologov, V., Marucci, G. & La Rosa, G. (2001) Hunting practices increase the prevalence of Trichinella infection in wolves from European Russia. Journal of Parasitology 80, 14981501.
Priedītis, A. & Daija, G. (1972) Helminths of main hunting animals of the Latvian SSR. pp. 123156 in Sarma, P.E. (Ed.) Nature conservation in Latvian SSR. Riga, Zinatne (in Russian with English summary).
Salvatori, V. & Linnell, J. (2005) Report on the conservation status and threats for wolf (Canis lupus) in Europe. 24 pp. Strasbourg, Council of Europe T-PVS/Inf(2005)16.
Segovia, J.M., Torres, J., Miquel, J., Llaneza, L. & Feliu, C. (2001) Helminths in the wolf, Canis lupus, from north-western Spain. Journal of Helminthology 75, 183192.
Senutaitę, J. & Grikienienę, J. (2001) Prevalence of Trichinella in muscles of some domestic and wild animals in Lithuania and their impact on the organism. Acta Zoologica Lithuanica 11, 395404.
Shimalov, V.V. & Shimalov, V.T. (2000) Helminth fauna of the wolf (Canis lupus Linnaeus, 1758) in Belorussian Polesie. Parasitology Research 86, 163164.
Sołtys, A. (1964) Helminthofauna wilków. Wiadomości Parazytologiczne 1, 5962(in Polish with English summary).
Szczęsna, J., Popiołek, M. & Śmietana, W. (2007) A study on the helminthfauna of wolves (Canis lupus L.) in the Bieszczady Mountains (south Poland) – preliminary results. Wiadomości Parazytologiczne 53 (Suppl.), 36.
Tauriņš, E. (1982) Mammals of Latvia. 255 pp. Rīga, Zvaigzne (in Latvian).
Tumanov, I.L. (2003) Biological characteristics of carnivorous mammals of Russia. 439 pp. Saint Petersburg, Nauka (in Russian with English summaries).
Verster, A. (1969) A taxonomic revision of the genus Taenia Linnaeus, 1758 s.str. Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research 36, 358.
Vismanis, K. & Ozoliņš, J. (2002) Preliminary data on parasites of European otter (Lutra lutra) in Latvia. IUCN Otter Specialist Group Bulletin 19A, 374378.
Wojcik, A.R., Franckiewicz-Grygon, B. & Zbikowska, E. (2001) The studies of the invasion of Alaria alata (Goeze, 1782) in the Province of Kuyavia and Pomerania. Wiadomości Parazytologiczne 47, 423426.
Wojcik, A.R., Franckiewicz-Grygon, B. & Zbikowska, E. (2002) Curent data of Alaria alata (Goeze, 1782) according to own studies. Medycyna Weterynaryjna 58, 517519.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Helminthology
  • ISSN: 0022-149X
  • EISSN: 1475-2697
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-helminthology
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed