Skip to main content Accessibility help

Scanning electron microscopy of the cuticular armature of the nematode Gnathostoma spinigerum Owen, 1836 from cats in Laos

  • Tomáš Scholz (a1) and Oleg Ditrich (a1)


The body surface of an immature female Gnathostoma spinigerum found for the first time in the definitive host (Felis catus f. domestica) in Laos was studied using a scanning electron microscope. All types of cuticular spines, which are one of the most important features for species identification of gnathostomid nematodes, together with their spatial arrangement, are described and figured.



Hide All
Daengsvang, S. (1972) An experimental study on the life cycle of Gnathostoma hispidum Fedchenko, 1872 in Thailand with special reference to the incidence and some significant morphological characters of the adult and larval stages. Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health, 3, 376389.
Daengsvang, S. (1973) First report of Gnathostoma vietnamicum Le-Van-Hoa from urinary system of otters (Aonyx cinerea, Illiger) in Thailand. Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health, 4, 6370.
Daengsvang, S. (1982) Gnathostomiasis. In: CRC handbook series in zoonoses. Section C, Volume II (editor. Schultz, M.G.) pp. 147180. CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, Florida.
Daengsvang, S. (1986) Gnathostomiasis. The 25th Anniversary of the Faculty of Tropical Medicine. Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand, pp. 124147.
Fontan, R., Beauchamp, F. & Beaver, C. (1975) Sur quelques helminthiasis humaines nouvelles au Laos. I. Nematodes. Bulletin de la Societé Pathologique et Exotique, 68, 557563.
Huang, W. C., Xia, B. F., Koga, M. & Ishii, Y. (1986) A survey on Gnathostoma hispidum Fedtschenko, 1872 in Jiangxi, People's Republic of China. Japanese Journal of Parasitology, 35, 223227.
Ivashkin, V. M. & Khromova, L. A. (1976) Kukulanaty i gnathostomataty zhivotnykh i czeloveka i vyzyvamye imi zabolevaniya. Essentials of nematodology 27, 436 pp. Nauka, Moscow. (In Russian).
Kamiya, H., Kamiya, M., Ohbayashi, M., Klongkamnuankarn, K. & Vajrasthira, S. (1987) Gnathostoma malaysiae Miyazaki and Dunn, 1965 from Rattus surifer in Thailand. Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health, 18, 121126.
Koga, M. & Ishii, Y. (1981) Larval gnathostomoses found in reptiles in Japan and experimental life cycle of Gnathostoma nipponicum. Journal of Parasitology, 67, 565570.
Kondo, K., Akao, N., Takakura, Y., Ohnishi, Y., Konishi, Y. & Yoshimura, H. (1984) Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) of larvae and adult worms of Gnathostoma hispidum. Japanese Journal of Parasitology, 33, 577586. (In Japanese, with English summary.)
Le-Van-Hoa, (1965) Étude d'un nouveau gnathostome G. vietnamicum n.sp. chez Lutra elioti du Viet-nam. Bulletin de la Societé Pathologique Exotique, 58, 228235.
Miyazaki, I. (1960) On the genus Gnathostoma and human gnathostomiasis, with special reference to Japan. Experimental Parasitology, 9, 338370.
Ogata, K., Imai, J.-I. & Nawa, Y. (1988) Three confirmed and five suspected human cases of Gnathostoma doloresi infection found in Miyazaki Prefecture, Kyushu. Japanese Journal of Parasitology, 37, 358364.
Ratanarapee, S. (1982) Fine structures of Gnathostoma spinigerum: a comparative SEM study between an adult worm and a third stage larva. Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand, 65, 642647.
Ratanarapee, S. & Jesadapatarakul, S. (1982) A case of gnathostomiasis simulating acute appendicitis. Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand, 65, 443447.
Segal, D. B., Humphrey, J. M., Edwards, S. E. & Kirby, M. D. (1968) Parasites of man and domestic animals in Vietnam, Thailand, Laos, and Cambodia. Experimental Parasitology, 23, 412464.
Sicard, D., Jaeck, D. & Vannareth, T. (1977) Pathologie Lao. Mission de cooperation culturelle et technique prés d'ambassade de Franceen République démocratique populaire Lao, 224 pp. Vientiane, Laos.
Takakura, Y., Ohnishi, Y., Akao, N., Kondo, K. & Yoshimura, H. (1985) Studies on experimental infection to the piglets with Gnathostoma hispidum larvae and morphology of the worms. Japanese Journal of Parasitology, 34, 211218. (In Japanese, with English summary.)



Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed