Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-7f7b94f6bd-vvt5l Total loading time: 0.49 Render date: 2022-06-29T23:41:30.246Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "useRatesEcommerce": false, "useNewApi": true } hasContentIssue true

Determinants of property rights in Poland and Ukraine: the polity or politicians?

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  31 August 2016

CHRISTOPHER A. HARTWELL*
Affiliation:
Kozminski University, Warsaw, Poland, and Center for Social and Economic Research, Warsaw, Poland

Abstract

North (1994) famously remarked that ‘it is the polity that defines and enforces property rights’. This paper traces the development of property rights in Poland and Ukraine and explores their divergence over the past three centuries using North's framework of economic calculation. In each country, the distribution of political power and political institutions had a profound impact on property rights. Indeed, while it was the Polish polity that defined the evolution of property rights from 1386 to 1795 and then from 1989 onward, due to diffusion of power, it was Ukrainian politicians that controlled the destiny of property rights for most of Ukraine's history. This situation has not changed despite the Maidan revolution in Ukraine, and recent moves in Poland show how tenuous property rights are in the face of political opposition.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Millennium Economics Ltd 2016 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Acemoglu, D. (2003), ‘Why Not a Political Coase Theorem? Social Conflict, Commitment, and Politics’, Journal of Comparative Economics, 31 (4): 620652.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Acemoglu, D., Johnson, S., and Robinson, J. A. (2001), ‘The Colonial Origins of Comparative Development: An Empirical Investigation’, American Economic Review, 91 (5): 13691401.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Acemoglu, D., Johnson, S., and Robinson, J. A. (2005), ‘Institutions as the Fundamental Cause of Long-Run Growth’, in Aghion and Durlauf (eds.), Handbook of Economic Growth: Volume 1A., North Holland: Elsevier, pp. 385472.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Allen, R. C. (2000), ‘Economic Structure and Agricultural Productivity in Europe, 1300–1800’, European Review of Economic History, 4 (1): 125.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Barzel, Y. (1997), Economic Analysis of Property Rights, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Blum, J. (1964), Lord and Peasant in Russia, New York: Atheneum Books.Google Scholar
Brzezinski, M. (1991), ‘Constitutional Heritage and Renewal: The Case of Poland’, Virginia Law Review, 77 (1): 49112.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cheung, S. (1970), ‘The Structure of a Contract and the Theory of a Non-exclusive Resource’, Journal of Law and Economics, 13 (1): 4970.Google Scholar
Cholewinski, R. (1998), ‘The Protection of Human Rights in the New Polish Constitution’, Fordham International Law Journal, 22 (2): 236291.Google Scholar
Clague, C., Keefer, P., Knack, S., and Olson, M. (1996), ‘Property and Contract Rights in Autocracies and Democracies’, Journal of Economic Growth, 1 (2): 243276.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Clague, C., Keefer, P., Knack, S., and Olson, M. (1999), ‘Contract-Intensive Money: Contract Enforcement, Property Rights, and Economic Performance’, Journal of Economic Growth, 4 (2): 185211.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cole, D. H. (2015), ‘Economic Property Rights’ as ‘Nonsense Upon Stilts’: A Comment on Hodgson’, Journal of Institutional Economics, 11 (4): 725730.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
De Melo, M., Denizer, C., Gelb, A., and Tenev, S. (2001), ‘Circumstance and Choice: The Role of Initial Conditions and Policies in Transition Economies’, World Bank Economic Review, 15 (1): 131.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Demsetz, H. (1967), ‘Toward a Theory of Property Rights’, American Economic Review, 57 (2): 347359.Google Scholar
Eddie, S. M. (2004), ‘Ethno-Nationality and Property Rights in Land in Prussian Poland, 1886–1918’, in Engerman, S. L. and Metzger, J. (eds.), Land Rights, Ethno-Nationality and Sovereignty in History, New York: Routledge, pp. 5686.Google Scholar
Furubotn, E. G. and Pejovich, S. (1972), ‘Property Rights and Economic Theory: A Survey of Recent Literature’, Journal of Economic Literature, 10 (4): 11371162.Google Scholar
Greif, A. (2006), ‘History Lessons: The Birth of Impersonal Exchange: The Community Responsibility System and Impartial Justice’, Journal of Economic Perspectives, 20 (2): 221236.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Greif, A. (2009), ‘The Impact of Administrative Power on Political and Economic Developments: Toward Political Economy of Implementation’, in Helpman, E. (ed.), Institutions and Economic Performance, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, pp. 1764.Google Scholar
Guthier, S. L. (1979), ‘The Popular Base of Ukrainian Nationalism in 1917’, Slavic Review, 38 (1): 3047.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Guzowski, P. (2013), ‘The Peasant Land Market in Late Medieval and Early Modern Poland, Fifteenth and Sixteenth Centuries’, in Béaur, G., Schofield, P. R., Chevet, P. M., and Perez-Picazo, M. T. (eds.), Property Rights, Land Markets and Economic Growth in the European Countryside (thirteenth-twentieth Centuries), Turnhout, Belgium: Brepols, pp. 219237.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Guzowski, P. (2014), ‘Village Court Records and Peasant Credit in Fifteenth-and Sixteenth-Century Poland’, Continuity and Change, 29 (1): 115142.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hartwell, C. A. (2013), Institutional Barriers in the Transition to Market: Explaining Performance and Divergence in Transition Economies, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hartwell, C. A. (2016), ‘Property Rights in Transition Countries’, in Hölscher, J. and Tomann, H. (eds.), Palgrave Dictionary of Emerging Markets and Transition Economics, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 170189.Google Scholar
Hartwell, C. A. (2016), Two Roads Diverge: The Transition Experience of Poland and Ukraine, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Heinberg, J. G. (1926), ‘History of the Majority Principle’, American Political Science Review, 20 (1): 5268.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hessler, J. (1998), ‘A Postwar Perestroika? Toward a History of Private Enterprise in the USSR’, Slavic Review, 57 (3): 516542.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hodgson, G. M. (2015a), ‘Much of the ‘Economics of Property Rights’ Devalues Property and Legal Rights’, Journal of Institutional Economics, 11 (04): 683709.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hodgson, G. M. (2015b), Conceptualizing Capitalism: Institutions, Evolution, Future, Chicago: University of Chicago Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hülsmann, J. G. (2004), ‘The a priori Foundations of Property Economics’, Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics, 7 (4): 4168.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kaczmarczyk, Z. (1945), Kolonizacja Niemiecka na Wschód od Odry [German Colonization East of the Oder], Poznań: Instytut Zachodni.Google Scholar
Kamiński, A. (1975), ‘Neo-Serfdom in Poland-Lithuania’, Slavic Review, 34 (2): 253268.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kamiński, A. (1977), ‘The Cossack Experiment in Szlachta Democracy in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth: The Hadiach (Hadziacz) union’, Harvard Ukrainian Studies, 1 (2): 178197.Google Scholar
Krasnozhon, L. O. (2011), ‘Property Rights and Farm Efficiency: Evidence from Ukraine’, Economic Change and Restructuring, 44 (4): 279295.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kuninski, M. (1997), ‘Liberalism in Poland: What is Left?’, Studies in East European Thought, 49 (4): 241257.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Landes, D. S. (1999), The Wealth and Poverty of Nations: Why Some Are So Rich and Some So Poor, New York: WW Norton & Company.Google Scholar
Locke, J. ([1690] 1991), Two Treatises of Government, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Ludwikowski, R. R. (1993), ‘Constitution Making in the Countries of Former Soviet Dominance: Current Development’, Georgia Journal of International and Comparative Law, 23 (2): 155267.Google Scholar
Ludwikowski, R. R. (1996), Constitution-Making in the Region of Former Soviet Dominance, Durham, NC: Duke University Press.Google Scholar
Magocsi, P. (2010), A History of Ukraine: The Land and Its Peoples, Toronto: University of Toronto Press.Google Scholar
Mantzavinos, C., North, D. C., and Shariq, S. (2004), ‘Learning, Institutions, and Economic Performance’, Perspectives on Politics, 2 (1): 7584.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Markus, S. (2015), Property, Predation, and Protection: Piranha Capitalism in Russia and Ukraine, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mathijs, E. and Swinnen, J. F. (1998), ‘The Economics of Agricultural Decollectivization in East Central Europe and the Former Soviet Union’, Economic Development and Cultural Change, 47 (1): 126.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mijiyawa, A. G. (2013), ‘Determinants of Property Rights Institutions: Survey of Literature and New Evidence’, Economics of Governance, 14 (2): 127183.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Milgrom, P. R. and North, D. C. (1990), ‘The Role of Institutions in the Revival of Trade: The Law Merchant, Private Judges, and the Champagne Fairs’, Economics & Politics, 2 (1): 123.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Murphy, C. G. (2011), ‘Progress without Consent: Enlightened Centralism vis-a-vis Local Self-Government in the Towns of East Central Europe and Russia, 1764–1840’, Dissertation, Georgetown University.Google Scholar
Murphy, C. G. (2012), ‘Burghers versus Bureaucrats: Enlightened Centralism, the Royal Towns, and the Case of the Propinacja Law in Poland-Lithuania, 1776–1793’, Slavic Review, 71 (2): 385409.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Myronenko, O. (2013), ‘Law of the Hetmanate (Second Half of XVII-XVIII Century)’, Law of Ukraine: Legal Journal, 1: 187220.Google Scholar
Nafziger, S. (2015), ‘Communal Property Rights and Land Redistributions in Late Tsarist Russia’, Economic History Review, Early View on-line, http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/ehr.12167/abstract (accessed March 4, 2016).Google Scholar
North, D. C. (1971), ‘Institutional Change and Economic Growth’, Journal of Economic History, 31 (1): 118125.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
North, D. C. (1978), ‘Structure and Performance: The Task of Economic History’, Journal of Economic Literature, 16 (3): 963978.Google Scholar
North, D. C. (1979), ‘A Framework for Analyzing the State in Economic History’, Explorations in Economic History, 16 (3): 249259.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
North, D. C. (1981), Structure and Change in Economic History, New York: W.W. Norton.Google Scholar
North, D. C. (1984a), ‘Government and the Cost of Exchange in History’, The Journal of Economic History, 44 (02): 255264.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
North, D. C. (1984b), ‘Three Approaches to the Study of Institutions’, in Colander, D. C. (ed.), Neoclassical Political Economy: The Analysis of Rent-Seeking and DUP Activities, Cambridge: Ballinger Publishing Company, pp. 3340.Google Scholar
North, D. C. (1990a), ‘A Transaction Cost Theory of Politics’, Journal of Theoretical Politics, 2 (4): 355367.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
North, D. C. (1990b), Institutions, Institutional Change, and Economic History, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
North, D. C. (1993a), ‘Institutions and Credible Commitment’, Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics, 149 (1): 1123 Google Scholar
North, D. C. (1993b), ‘Institutional Change: A Framework of Analysis’, in Sjostrand, S.-E. (ed.), Institutional Change: Theory and Empirical Findings, New York: M.E. Sharpe, pp. 3546.Google Scholar
North, D. C. (1994), ‘Economic Performance Through Time’, American Economic Review, 84 (3): 359368.Google Scholar
North, D. C. (2000), ‘Institutions and Economic Growth: A Historical Introduction’, in Frieden, J. A. and Lake, D. A. (eds.), International Political Economy: Perspectives On Global Power and Wealth, New York: Routledge, pp. 4759.Google Scholar
North, D. C. and Thomas, R. P. (1970), ‘An Economic Theory of the Growth of the Western World’, The Economic History Review, 23 (1): 117.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
North, D. C. and Weingast, B. R. (1989), ‘Constitutions and Commitment: The Evolution of Institutions Governing Public Choice in Seventeenth-Century England’, Journal of Economic History, 49 (04): 803832.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
North, D. C., Wallis, J. J., and Weingast, B. R. (2009), Violence and Social Orders: A Conceptual Framework for Interpreting Recorded Human History, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
North, D. C., Wallis, J. J., Webb, S. B. and Weingast, B. R. (2013), In the Shadow of Violence: Politics, Economics, and the Problems of Development, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
Plank, T. E. (1996), ‘The Essential Elements of Judicial Independence and the Experience of Pre-Soviet Russia’, William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal, 5 (1): 174.Google Scholar
Pronin, D. T. (1949), ‘Land Reform in Poland: 1920–1945’, Land Economics, 25 (2): 133143.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Riabchuk, M. and Lushnycky, A. N. (2015), ‘Ukraine's Third Attempt’, in Stepanenko, V. and Pylynskyi, Y. (eds.), Ukraine After the Euromaidan: Challenges and Hopes, Oxford: Peter Lang, pp. 4758.Google Scholar
Satter, D. (2014), ‘How the Ukraine Crisis Arose – And Why?’, Hungarian Review, 5 (3): 69.Google Scholar
Schwartz, H. (1998), ‘Eastern Europe's Constitutional Courts’, Journal of Democracy, 9 (4): 100114.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Slay, B. (2014), The Polish Economy: Crisis, Reform, and Transformation, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
Smith, A. ([1763] 1896), Lectures on Policy, Justice, Revenue and Arms, Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
Sonin, K. (2003), ‘Why the rich may favor poor protection of property rights’, Journal of Comparative Economics, 31 (4): 715731.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Stanfield, J. R. (1995), ‘Institutions and the Significance of Relative Prices’, Journal of Economic Issues, 29 (2): 459466.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Subtelny, O. (2009), Ukraine: A History, 4th edn., Toronto, CA: University of Toronto Press.Google Scholar
Tarkowski, J. (1990), ‘Endowment of Nomenklatura, or Apparatchiks Turned into Entrepreneurchiks, or from Communist Ranks to Capitalist Riches’, Innovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research, 3 (1): 89105.Google Scholar
Torstensson, J. (1994), ‘Property Rights and Economic Growth: An Empirical Study’, Kyklos, 47 (2): 231247.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Vahabi, M. (2011), ‘Appropriation, Violent Enforcement, and Transaction Costs: A Critical Survey’, Public Choice, 147 (1–2): 227253.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Vira, B. (1997), ‘The political Coase Theorem: Identifying Differences between Neoclassical and Critical Institutionalism’, Journal of Economic Issues, 31 (3): 761780.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Visser, O. and Spoor, M. (2011), ‘Land Grabbing in Post-Soviet Eurasia. The World's Largest Land Reserves at Stake’, Journal of Peasant Studies, 38 (2): 299324.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Volin, L. (1943), ‘The Russian Peasant and Serfdom’, Agricultural History, 17 (1): 4161.Google Scholar
Wandycz, P. S. (1974), The Lands of Partitioned Poland, 1795–1918, Seattle: University of Washington Press.Google Scholar
Wellisz, S. and Iwanek, M. (1993), ‘The Privatization of the Polish Economy’, Eastern Economic Journal, 19 (3): 345354.Google Scholar
Winiecki, J. (1990), ‘Why Economic Reforms Fail in the Soviet System – A Property Rights-Based Approach’, Economic Inquiry, 28 (2): 195221.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wortman, R. S. (2011), The Development of a Russian Legal Consciousness, Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
Yoo, D. and Steckel, R. H. (2010), ‘Property Rights and Financial Development: The Legacy of Japanese Colonial Institutions (No. w16551)’, National Bureau of Economic Research.Google Scholar
Zawojska, A. (2004), ‘Process of Land Reform in Poland’, Electronic Journal of Polish Agricultural Universities, 7 (1): Available online: http://www.ejpau.media.pl/volume7/issue1/economics/abs-01.html (last accessed August 13, 2016).Google Scholar
1
Cited by

Save article to Kindle

To save this article to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Determinants of property rights in Poland and Ukraine: the polity or politicians?
Available formats
×

Save article to Dropbox

To save this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Determinants of property rights in Poland and Ukraine: the polity or politicians?
Available formats
×

Save article to Google Drive

To save this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Determinants of property rights in Poland and Ukraine: the polity or politicians?
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *