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Reconsidering the nature and effects of habits in urban transportation behavior

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  15 April 2014

OLIVIER BRETTE*
Affiliation:
INSA Lyon, CNRS Environnement Ville Société (EVS), University of Lyon, Lyon, France
THOMAS BUHLER*
Affiliation:
University of Franche-Comté, CNRS ThéMA, Besançon, France
NATHALIE LAZARIC*
Affiliation:
University of Nice Sophia-Antipolis, CNRS GREDEG, Nice, France
KEVIN MARECHAL*
Affiliation:
Université Libre de Bruxelles, CESSE-ULB - Belgian National Fund for Research (FNRS), Brussel, Belgium

Abstract:

This paper adds to the growing empirical evidence on the importance of habits in governing human behavior, and sheds new light on individual inertia in relation to transportation behavior. An enriched perspective rooted in Veblenian evolutionary economics (VEE) is used to construct a theoretical framework in order to analyze the processes at play in the formation and reinforcement of habits. The empirical study explores more specifically the synchronic processes strengthening the car-using habit. In addition to underlining the shortcomings of a ‘decision theory’ perspective to address urban transportation behaviors, we find that synchronic habits can have a significant effect on behavioral inertia. Our results suggest the existence of positive feedback between the development of synchronic habits, qualitative perceptions of driving times, and reinforcement of the car-using habit. The paper points out also that the diachronic dimension of habits would constitute another promising domain for further research on behavioral inertia in transportation.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Millennium Economics Ltd 2014 

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