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Cartilage ‘shoe’: a new technique for stabilisation of titanium total ossicular replacement prosthesis at centre of stapes footplate

  • D Beutner (a1), J C Luers (a1) and K B Huttenbrink (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 July 2008

After tympanoplasty using a total ossicular replacement prosthesis, many unsatisfactory hearing results are due to dislocation of the prosthesis.

Material and methods:

We developed a cartilage guide for stabilising the total ossicular replacement prosthesis in the oval window niche. An oval-shaped piece of cartilage measuring 2.5 × 3.5 mm with a central hole was precisely punched out of a thin cartilage plate. The cartilage was placed in the oval niche, and its hole centred the prosthesis on the stapes footplate.


Hearing results in 52 patients confirmed acoustically the effectiveness of this method of total ossicular replacement prosthesis stabilisation on the stapes footplate. Subsequent ‘second-look’ surgery revealed stable ingrowth of the cartilage ‘shoe’ into the oval niche.


Such a cartilage shoe might address one of the causes of unsatisfactory hearing following ossicular chain reconstruction with a total ossicular replacement prosthesis.

Corresponding author
Address for correspondence: Prof Karl-Bernd Huttenbrink, Professor and Chairman, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, University of Cologne, Kerpener Strasse 62, 50924 Cologne, Germany. Fax: +49 221 478 4793 E-mail:
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