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Case of thyroid hemiagenesis and ectopic lingual thyroid presenting as goitre

  • Y S Yang (a1) and K H Hong (a1)
Abstract
AbstractObjective:

We report an extremely rare case of thyroid hemiagenesis with ectopic lingual thyroid.

Method:

Case report and review of the world literature concerning thyroid hemiagenesis with ectopic lingual thyroid and heredity.

Results:

Ectopic thyroid is an uncommon embryological aberration characterised by the presence of thyroid tissue in a site other than its usual, pretracheal location. The lingual thyroid is the most common manifestation of benign ectopic thyroid tissue, but is still a rare clinical entity. Thyroid hemiagenesis is also a very rare abnormality, in which one thyroid lobe fails to develop. We report a case of left thyroid hemiagenesis and goitre in the right lobe in a 26-year-old woman with an ectopic lingual thyroid.

Conclusion:

To our knowledge, this is the first report in the world literature of thyroid hemiagenesis with ectopic lingual thyroid.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Address for correspondence: Dr Yun Su Yang, Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Chonbuk National University, Medical School, Chonju, Chonbuk 560-182, South Korea. Fax: 82 63 250 1986 E-mail: yang2002@chonbuk.ac.kr
References
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4Mikosch P, Gallowitsch HJ, Kresnik E, Molnar M, Gomez I, Lind P. Thyroid hemiagenesis in an endemic goiter area diagnosed by ultrasonography: report of sixteen patients. Thyroid 1999;9:1075–84
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8Ulug T, Ulubil SA, Alagol F. Dual ectopic thyroid: report of a case. J Laryngol Otol 2003;117:574–6
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The Journal of Laryngology & Otology
  • ISSN: 0022-2151
  • EISSN: 1748-5460
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-laryngology-and-otology
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