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Comparative crystallography of vertebrate otoconia

  • Elmer A. Rosauer (a1) and James R. Redmond (a2)

Otoconial material was obtained from a number of vertebrates to determine the CaC03 polymorph present. Otoconia and otoliths from bony fish, amphibians, and reptiles are primarily aragonitic; those from birds and mammals are calcitic. This paper summarizes data from all other investigators as well as presenting new data, particularly pertaining to reptiles. The significance, if any, of the relationship between taxonomic group and carbonate polymorph remains an intriguing question.

Corresponding author
Professor Elmer A. Rosauer, Materials Science and Engineering Department, Iowa State University, 110 Engineering Annex, Ames, Iowa 50011, U.S.A.
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The Journal of Laryngology & Otology
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