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Influenza A (H1N1): a rare cause of deafness in two children

  • A A Alsanosi (a1)

We report deafness occurring as an extremely rare complication of influenza A caused by the H1N1 virus (‘swine flu’), in two children.


Case reports and review of the literature concerning influenza A (H1N1) and acquired viral infection causing deafness.


Two children with normal hearing developed bilateral deafness following influenza A (H1N1). The diagnosis was confirmed using polymerase chain reaction. Both patients were treated with oseltamivir.


Following a review of the literature, these two patients appear to be the first reported cases of bilateral deafness following influenza A (H1N1).

Corresponding author
Address for correspondence: Dr Abdulrahman Ahmed Alsanosi, Associate Professor, Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, King Saud University, PO Box 245, Riyadh 11411, Saudi Arabia Fax: 00966 1 4775748 E-mail:
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1LY Chang , SR Shih , PL Shao , DT Huang , LM Huang . Novel swine-origin influenza virus A (H1N1): the first pandemic of the 21st century. J Formos Med Assoc 2009;108:526–32

2R Jain , RD Goldman . Novel influenza A(H1N1): clinical presentation, diagnosis, and management. Pediatr Emerg Care 2009;25:791–6

3RP Chand , A Jan , H Vyas . Acute sensorineural deafness following herpes simplex infection. Eur J Pediatr 1993;152:379

8S O'Riordan , M Barton , Y Yau , SE Read , U Allen , D Tran . Risk factors and outcomes among children admitted to hospital with pandemic H1N1 influenza. CMAJ 2010;182:3944

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The Journal of Laryngology & Otology
  • ISSN: 0022-2151
  • EISSN: 1748-5460
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-laryngology-and-otology
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