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The effects of nasal irrigation with various solutions after endoscopic sinus surgery: systematic review and meta-analysis

  • X Z Chen (a1), S Y Feng (a2), L H Chang (a1), X P Lai (a1), X H Chen (a1), Xia Li (a1) and G H Zhang (a1)...
Abstract
Background

Nasal irrigation is commonly performed in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis after functional endoscopic sinus surgery. This study systematically assessed the clinical efficacy of nasal irrigation from the medical literature.

Methods

The PubMed, Embase and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases were searched using a comprehensive strategy, limited to English-language articles, published from October 1971 to March 2017, and comprising human subjects.

Results

A total of 824 trials were identified, 5 of which, involving 331 participants, were included in this systematic review. After selection, only three trials were eligible for inclusion in a meta-analysis. Nasal irrigation using normal saline and various solutions was found to be effective in reducing symptom scores and endoscopic scores for chronic rhinosinusitis patients after functional endoscopic sinus surgery. Comparison of outcome measures, such as eosinophil count reduction, revealed that various solutions are more effective than normal saline alone; however, no statistical significance was found in terms of reduced symptom or endoscopic scores.

Conclusion

Based on the current limited evidence, nasal irrigation is an effective therapy for chronic rhinosinusitis patients after functional endoscopic sinus surgery. However, when comparing various solutions with normal saline, no significant difference was found in symptom scores or endoscopic scores.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Author for correspondence: Dr Gehua Zhang, Department of Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery, Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, No. 600 Tianhe Road, Guangzhou 510630, China Fax: +86 020 8525 3045 E-mail: zhanggeh@mail.sysu.edu.cn
Footnotes
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Dr G Zhang takes responsibility for the integrity of the content of the paper

Footnotes
References
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  • EISSN: 1748-5460
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