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Hemifacial spasm: Operative treatment

  • Harold Ludman (a1) and D. I. Choa (a1)

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Corresponding author

Harold Ludman, 149 Harley Street, London WIN 2DE.

References

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Cells-Blaubach, A., and Castillo, A. H. (1974) Idiopathic Hemifacial Spasm—New Method of Surgical Treatment. Acta Otolarxngologica. 77: 221227.
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Fisch, U., and Essien, E. (1972) The Surgical Treatment of Hemifacial Spasm. Archives of Otolaryngology. 95: 400405.
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Janetta, P. J. (1974) The Cause of Hemifacial Spasm—Definitive Microsurgical Treatment at the Brain Stem in 31 Patients. Transactions of The American Academy of Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology, 80: 319322.
Janetta, P. J., Abbassy, M., Maroon, J., Ramos, F., and Albin, M. (1977) Etiology and Definitive Microsurgical Treatment of Hemifacial Spasm—Operative Technique and Results in 47 patients. Journal of Neurosurgery. 47: 321328.
Kreutzberg, G. W., (1973) Surgery of the Facial Nerve. W. B. Saunders. Phil., pp. 2229.
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Woltmann, H. W., Williams, H. L., and Lambert, E. H. (1951) An Attempt to Relieve Hemifacial Spasm by Neurolysisof the Facial Nerve; A report of 2 cases of hemifacial spasm, the contracture and mass movement. Proceedings of the Staff Meetings of the Mayo Clinic, 26: 236240.

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