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The histopathological effects of chronic electrical stimulation of the cat cochlea

  • R. K. Shepherd (a1), G. M. Clark (a1), R. C. Black (a1) and J. F. Patrick (a1)

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Department of Otolaryngology, University of Melbourne, The Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital, East Melbourne 3002, Australia.

References

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Brummer, S. B., and McHardy, J. (1977) Current problems in electrode development In Functional Electrical Stimulation Applications in Neural Prostheses, Vol 3, ed. Hambrecht, F. T. and Reswick, J. B.. Marcel Dekker Inc., New York.
Clark, G. M. (1973) A hearing prosthesis for severe perceptive deafness—experimental studies. Journal of Laryngology and Otology, 87: 9297.
Clark, G. M. (1977) An evaluation of per-scalar cochlear electrode implantation techniques—an histopathological study in cats. Journal of Laryngology and Otology, 91: 185.
Clark, G. M., Kranz, H. G., Minas, H., and Nathar, J. M. (1975) Histopathological findings in cochlear implants in cats. Journal of Laryngology and Otology, 89: 495.
Clark, G. M., Pyman, B. C., and Pavillard, R. E. (1980) A protocol for the prevention of infection in cochlear implant surgery. Journal of Laryngology and Otology, 94: 1377.
Ghorayer, B., Sarwat, A., and Linthicum, F. H. (1980) Viable spiral ganglion cells in congenital and acquired profound hearing loss. Journal of Laryngology and Otology, 94: 367.
Johnsson, L. G., House, W. F., and Linthicum, F. H. (1979) Bilateral cochlear implants: Histological findings in a pair of temporal bones. Laryngoscope, 89: 759.
Pudenz, R. H., Agnew, W., Yuen, T. G. H., and Bullara, L. A. (1977) Electrical stimulation of the brain: Light and electron microscopy studies: In Functional Electrical Stimulation Applications in Neural Prostheses, Vol 3, ed. Hambrecht, F. T. and Reswick, J. B.. Marcel Dekker Inc., New York.
Schindler, R. A. (1976) The cochlear histopathology of chronic intracochlear implantation. Journal of Laryngology and Otology, 90: 445.
Schindler, R. A., and Merzenich, M. M. (1974) Chronic intracochlear electrode implantation: cochlear pathology and acoustic nerve survival. Annals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology, 83: 202.
Schindler, R. A., Merzenich, M. M., White, M. W., and Bjorkroth, B. (1977) Multielectrode intracochlear implants. Nerve survival and stimulation patterns. Archives of Otolaryngology, 103: 691.
Simmons, F. B. (1967) Permanent intracochlear electrodes in cats, tissue tolerance and cochlear microphonics. Laryngoscope, 77: 171.
Simmons, F. B. (1979) Electrical stimulation of the auditory nerve in cats. Long term electrophysiology and histological results. Annals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology, 88: 533.
Sutton, D., Miller, J. M., and Pfingst, B. G. (1980) Comparison of cochlear histopathology following two implant designs for use in scala tympani. Annals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology, 89: Supplement 66, 11.
Walsh, S. M., Merzenich, M. M., Schindler, R. A., and Leake-Jones, P. A. (1980) Some practical considerations in development of multichannel scala tympani prostheses. Audiology, 19: 164.
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The Journal of Laryngology & Otology
  • ISSN: 0022-2151
  • EISSN: 1748-5460
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-laryngology-and-otology
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