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Human papillomavirus tumour status is not associated with a positive depression screen for patients with oropharyngeal cancer

  • J R Qualliotine (a1) (a2), J A Califano (a1) (a2) (a3), R J Li (a1) (a4), D Gold (a3), B Messing (a3), G Lee (a3), P Ha (a1) (a3) (a5) and C Fakhry (a1) (a3)...
Abstract
Abstract Background:

Several risk factors for depression in patients with oropharyngeal cancer have been determined. However, it is unknown whether human papillomavirus associated oropharyngeal cancer, which has a distinct clinico-demographic profile, modulates this risk.

Methods:

A retrospective analysis was conducted of patients with oropharyngeal cancer. These patients had completed a 10-item depression screening questionnaire before receiving treatment for their disease from 2011 to 2014. Associations between patient or disease characteristics and depression screening questionnaire results were investigated.

Results:

The study comprised 69 patients, 31 (44.9 per cent) of whom screened positive for depression. There were no significant differences in distributions of clinico-demographic or histopathological characteristics, including human papillomavirus tumour status, by depression screen result.

Conclusion:

This population has a high risk for depression, but no obvious risk factors, including human papillomavirus tumour status, were associated with an elevated risk. This inability to risk-stratify patients by clinico-demographic or disease characteristics emphasises the importance of regular depression screening for all patients in this population.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Address for correspondence: Dr Carole Fakhry, Department of Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery, 601 N Caroline Street, JHOC 6th Floor, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA Fax: +01 (410) 955 6526 E-mail: cfakhry@jhmi.edu
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The Journal of Laryngology & Otology
  • ISSN: 0022-2151
  • EISSN: 1748-5460
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-laryngology-and-otology
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