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    Cha, Jieun Smukler, Simon R. Chung, Yuan House, Ron and Bogoch, Isaac I. 2015. Increase in use of protective earplugs by Rock and Roll concert attendees when provided for free at concert venues. International Journal of Audiology, Vol. 54, Issue. 12, p. 984.

    Helleman, Hiske W. and Dreschler, Wouter A. 2015. Short-term music-induced hearing loss after sound exposure to discotheque music: The effectiveness of a break in reducing temporary threshold shift. International Journal of Audiology, Vol. 54, Issue. sup1, p. S46.

    Eggermont, Jos J. 2014. Noise and the Brain.

    Kotus, Józef Szczodrak, Maciej Czyżewski, Andrzej and Kostek, Bożena 2012. Distributed System for Noise Threat Evaluation Based on Psychoacoustic Measurements. Metrology and Measurement Systems, Vol. 19, Issue. 2,

    Chesky, Kris Pair, Marla Yoshimura, Eri and Landford, Scott 2009. An evaluation of musician earplugs with college music students. International Journal of Audiology, Vol. 48, Issue. 9, p. 661.

    Kovacic, Peter and Somanathan, Ratnasamy 2008. Ototoxicity and noise trauma: Electron transfer, reactive oxygen species, cell signaling, electrical effects, and protection by antioxidants: Practical medical aspects. Medical Hypotheses, Vol. 70, Issue. 5, p. 914.

    Yuan, Jing Yang, Miao Yao, Huiling Zheng, Jianru Yang, Qiaoling Chen, Sheng Wei, Qingyi Tanguay, Robert M. and Wu, Tangchun 2005. Plasma antibodies to heat shock protein 60 and heat shock protein 70 are associated with increased risk of electrocardiograph abnormalities in automobile workers exposed to noise. Cell Stress & Chaperones, Vol. 10, Issue. 2, p. 126.


Noise induced hearing loss in dance music disc jockeys and an examination of sound levels in nightclubs

  • Adam Bray (a1), Marcin Szymański (a1) and Robert Mills (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 February 2004

Noise exposure, hearing loss and associated otological symptoms have been studied in a group of 23 disc jockeys using a questionnaire and pure tone audiometry. The level of noise exposure in the venues where they work has also been studied using Ametek Mk-3 audio dosimeters. Three members of the study group showed clear evidence of noise-induced hearing losson audiometry, 70 per cent reported temporary threshold shift after sessions and 74 per cent reported tinnitus. Sound levels of up to 108 dB(A) were recorded in the nightclubs. The average level for a typical session was 96 dB(A) which is above the level at which the provision of ear protection is mandatory for employers in industry. It can be concluded that DJs are at substantial risk of developing noise-induced hearing loss and noise exposure in nightclubs frequently exceeds safe levels.

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The Journal of Laryngology & Otology
  • ISSN: 0022-2151
  • EISSN: 1748-5460
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-laryngology-and-otology
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