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A study of bacterial pathogens and antibiotic susceptibility patterns in chronic suppurative otitis media

  • M R Mofatteh (a1), F Shahabian Moghaddam (a2), M Yousefi (a3) and M H Namaei (a3)
Abstract
Objective:

To assess the frequency of bacterial agents in chronic suppurative otitis media and the antibiotic susceptibility patterns of isolates among patients.

Methods:

A total of 185 patients clinically diagnosed with chronic suppurative otitis media were interviewed and middle-ear effusion samples were collected using sterile swabs. All bacterial isolates were identified by conventional microbiological methods. Antibiotic susceptibility patterns of the isolates were determined by Kirby–Bauer disc diffusion.

Results:

Staphylococci spp. (64.9 per cent) were the most prevalent bacteria isolated, followed by Klebsiella spp. (12.9 per cent) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (10.3 per cent). The most effective antibiotic for treatment of bacterial chronic suppurative otitis media was ciprofloxacin. Statistical analysis showed no significant difference in bacterial infestations among chronic suppurative otitis media patients and the antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of the bacterial isolates based on gender and age (p > 0.05).

Conclusion:

Our findings highlight the importance of a continuous and periodic evaluation of the bacteriological profile and antibiotic susceptibility patterns in chronic suppurative otitis media patients for efficacious treatment of the infection.

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Copyright
Corresponding author
Address for correspondence: Dr Mohammad Hasan Namaei, Infectious Diseases Research Center, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran E-mail: mhnamaei@gmail.com
References
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The Journal of Laryngology & Otology
  • ISSN: 0022-2151
  • EISSN: 1748-5460
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-laryngology-and-otology
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