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Tracheostomy in ancient Egypt

  • Patric Blomstedt (a1)


It has often been reported that the ancient Egyptians performed tracheostomies. An analysis of this claim demonstrates it to be founded on only two depictions from the Protodynastic period (thirty-first century bc). These depictions are difficult to reconcile with tracheostomy from an anatomical point of view and can more easily be explained as human sacrifices. Considering that Egyptian surgery included only minor procedures even at its zenith during later dynastic periods, it is difficult to imagine that they would have developed such an advanced procedure at such an early date.


Corresponding author

Address for correspondence: Prof Patric Blomstedt, Unit of Stereotactic Functional Neurosurgery, Department of Clinical Neurosciences, University Hospital of Umeå, SE-901 85 Umeå, Sweden Fax: +4690138045 E-mail:


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Tracheostomy in ancient Egypt

  • Patric Blomstedt (a1)


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