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En Casa: Women and Households in Post-Soviet Cuba*


This paper argues that the household has become a renewed space of significance for Cuban women in the post-Soviet period. It draws from existing scholarship and ethnographic fieldwork conducted with women in the city of Santiago de Cuba to discuss the effect of post-Soviet crisis and reform upon women's domestic practices, the management of domestic economies, and longstanding gender ideals that link women to the domestic sphere. Physical, economic and social factors leading to post-Soviet Cuban women's increased concentration upon the household are argued to be both the result of pre-existing social orientations towards households as a womanly space and a response to specific politico-economic shifts since the collapse of the Soviet Union.

En Casa: Mujeres y Hogares en la Cuba Post-Soviética

Este artículo sostiene que el hogar se ha vuelto un significativo espacio renovado para las mujeres cubanas en el periodo post-soviético. Se basa en textos y trabajo etnográfico conducido con mujeres en la ciudad de Santiago de Cuba para discutir los efectos de la crisis post-soviética y las reformas sobre las prácticas domésticas de las mujeres, el manejo de las economías domésticas, e ideales de género de largo plazo que vinculan a las mujeres con la esfera doméstica. Factores físicos, económicos y sociales que conducen a una creciente concentración femenina en los hogares en la Cuba post-soviética son señalados como el resultado tanto de orientaciones sociales preexistentes, como de un espacio feminizado, alrededor de los hogares y como una respuesta a las transiciones específicas desde el colapso de la Unión Soviética.

Palabras clave: Cuba, mujeres, hogares, post-soviético, antropología

<span class='italic'>En Casa</span>: Mulheres e Lares na Cuba pós soviética

Este artigo propõe o lar como um renovado espaço de importância para mulheres cubanas no período pós soviético. Ele faz uso de estudos existentes e de trabalho de campo etnográfico realizado com mulheres da cidade de Santiago de Cuba para discutir o efeito da crise e reforma pós soviéticas sobre práticas domésticas femininas, sobre a administração de economias domésticas, e sobre ideais de gênero de longa data que ligam as mulheres à esfera doméstica. Argumenta-se aqui que fatores físicos, econômicos e sociais que levaram mulheres cubanas no período pós soviético a se concentrar mais no lar são ambos resultados de orientações sociais pré-existentes, na direção ao espaço doméstico como espaço da mulher, assim como uma resposta a deslocamentos político-econômicos após o colapso da União Soviética.

Palavras-Chave: Cuba, mulheres, lar, pós soviético, antropologia.

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This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

Laura J. Enríquez , ‘Economic Reform and Repeasantization in post-1990 Cuba’, Latin American Research Review, vol. 38, no. 1 (2003), pp. 202–17

Ruth Pearson , ‘Renegotiating the Reproductive Bargain: Gender Analysis of Economic Transition of Cuba in the 1990s’, Development and Change, vol. 28 (1997), pp. 671705

Sylvia Chant , ‘Women, Work and Household Survival Strategies in Mexico, 1982–1992: Past Trends, Current Tendencies and Future Research’, Bulletin of Latin American Research, vol. 13, no. 2 (1994), p. 210

Brigida Garcia and Orlandina de Oliveira , ‘Motherhood and Extradomestic Work in Urban Mexico’, Bulletin of Latin American Research, vol. 16, no. 3 (1997), pp. 364–84

Nancie L. Solien de González , ‘The Consanguineal Household and Matrifocality’, American Anthropologist, vol. 67, no. 1 (1965), pp. 1541–49

Mercedes González de la Rocha , ‘The Urban Family and Poverty in Latin America’, Latin American Perspectives, vol. 22, no. 2 (1995), pp. 1231

Leslie C. Gates , ‘The Strategic Uses of Gender in Household Negotiations: Women Workers on Mexico's Northern Border’, Bulletin of Latin American Research, vol. 21, no. 4 (2002), pp. 507–26

Maxine Molyneux , ‘Women's Rights and the International Context: Some Reflections on the Post-Communist States’, Millenium, vol. 23, no. 2 (1994), pp. 287313

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Journal of Latin American Studies
  • ISSN: 0022-216X
  • EISSN: 1469-767X
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-latin-american-studies
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