Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 4
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Patel-Campillo, Anouk DeLessio-Parson, Anne and Smith, Stephen M. 2014. The Role of Institutional Sedimentation, Regulatory Ambiguity and Institutional Footholds in Shaping Alcohol Governance in California and Pennsylvania. Territory, Politics, Governance, Vol. 2, Issue. 2, p. 135.


    Almeida, Paul D. 2003. Opportunity Organizations and Threat‐Induced Contention: Protest Waves in Authoritarian Settings1. American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 109, Issue. 2, p. 345.


    Jansen, Kees 2003. Crisis Discourses and Technology Regulation in a Weak State: Responses to a Pesticide Disaster in Honduras. Development and Change, Vol. 34, Issue. 1, p. 45.


    Marshall, Don D 2002. At whose service? Caribbean state posture, merchant capital and the export services option. Third World Quarterly, Vol. 23, Issue. 4, p. 725.


    ×

Radical, Reformist and Aborted Liberalism: Origins of National Regimes in Central America

  • JAMES MAHONEY (a1)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022216X0100606X
  • Published online: 01 May 2001
Abstract

During the twentieth century, the countries of Central America were characterised by remarkably different political regimes: military-authoritarianism in Guatemala and El Salvador, progressive democracy in Costa Rica and traditional-authoritarianism in Honduras and Nicaragua. This article explains these contrasting regime outcomes by exploring the agrarian and state-building reforms pursued by political leaders during the nineteenth- and early twentieth-century liberal reform period. Based on differences in the transformation of state and class structures, three types of liberalism are identified: radical liberalism in Guatemala and El Salvador, reformist liberalism in Costa Rica and aborted liberalism in Honduras and Nicaragua. It is argued that these types of liberalism set the Central American countries on contrasting paths of political development, culminating in diverse regime outcomes.

Copyright
Footnotes
Hide All
For helpful comments and criticisms on earlier drafts of this article, I would like to thank José Itzigsohn, Kenneth Shadlen, Richard Snyder and the anonymous JLAS reviewers.
Footnotes
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Latin American Studies
  • ISSN: 0022-216X
  • EISSN: 1469-767X
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-latin-american-studies
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×