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The peculiarities of reduction of iron (III) oxides deposited on expanded graphite

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  23 January 2014

Marat Lutfullin*
Affiliation:
Chemistry Department, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow 119991, Russia
Olga Shornikova
Affiliation:
Chemistry Department, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow 119991, Russia; and Institute of New Carbon Materials and Technologies (JSC), Moscow 119991, Russia
Alexander Dunaev
Affiliation:
Chemistry Department, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow 119991, Russia; and Institute of New Carbon Materials and Technologies (JSC), Moscow 119991, Russia
Dmitry Filimonov
Affiliation:
Chemistry Department, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow 119991, Russia
Alina Schur
Affiliation:
Chemistry Department, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow 119991, Russia
Makhsud Saidaminov
Affiliation:
Chemistry Department, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow 119991, Russia
Natalya Sorokina
Affiliation:
Chemistry Department, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow 119991, Russia; and Institute of New Carbon Materials and Technologies (JSC), Moscow 119991, Russia
Viktor Avdeev
Affiliation:
Chemistry Department, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow 119991, Russia; and Institute of New Carbon Materials and Technologies (JSC), Moscow 119991, Russia
*
a)Address all correspondence to this author. e-mail: marat.chem@gmail.com
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Abstract

A reduction of iron (III) oxides deposited on expanded graphite (EG) matrixes of three types in hydrogen flow was studied in dynamic and static regimes. In the dynamic regime, the EG matrix was shown not to influence the temperature range of the iron (III) oxide reduction. However, the C/O atomic ratios, varying depending on the type of EG matrixes, affect the completeness of reduction of these oxides to metallic iron. The reduction kinetics of iron (III) oxides deposited on EG and of bulk oxides were found to be similar and could be described by the combination of expanded Prout–Tompkins autocatalysis and n-dimensional growth of nuclei models. The prolonged hydrogen treatment at 600 °C of the samples in the static regime results in quantitative reduction of iron (III) oxide to α-Fe independent of the type of EG matrix used. The obtained samples demonstrate the relatively high values of saturation magnetization of 35 emu/g together with a high sorption capacity for crude oil of 93 g/g.

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Copyright
Copyright © Materials Research Society 2013 

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