Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 8
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Pontes, D.S.L. Chiquito, A.J. Pontes, F.M. and Longo, E. 2014. Structural, dielectric, ferroelectric and optical properties of PBCT, PBST and PCST complex thin films on LaNiO3 metallic conductive oxide layer coated Si substrates by the CSD technique. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Vol. 609, p. 33.

    Bartasyte, A. Margueron, S. Santiso, J. Hlinka, J. Simon, E. Gregora, I. Chaix-Pluchery, O. Kreisel, J. Jimenez, C. Weiss, F. Kubilius, V. and Abrutis, A. 2011. Domain structure and Raman modes in PbTiO3. Phase Transitions, Vol. 84, Issue. 5-6, p. 509.


    Chinchamalatpure, V. R. Ghosh, S. A. and Chaudhari, G. N. 2010. Synthesis and Electrical Characterization of BaTiO3 Thin Films on Si(100). Materials Sciences and Applications, Vol. 01, Issue. 04, p. 187.

    Pontes, F.M. Santos, L.S. Rissato, S.R. Pontes, D.S.L. Longo, E. Leite, E.R. Claro Neto, S. Chiquito, A.J. and Pizani, P.S. 2008. Leakage current, ferroelectric and structural properties in Pb1−xBaxTiO3 thin films prepared by chemical route. Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, Vol. 69, Issue. 11, p. 2796.

    Dicken, Matthew J. Diest, Kenneth Park, Young-Bae and Atwater, Harry A. 2007. Growth and optical property characterization of textured barium titanate thin films for photonic applications. Journal of Crystal Growth, Vol. 300, Issue. 2, p. 330.

    Franke, C. Pennock, G. M. Drury, M. R. Engelmann, R. Lattard, D. Garming, J. F. L. von Dobeneck, T. and Dekkers, M. J. 2007. Identification of magnetic Fe-Ti oxides in marine sediments by electron backscatter diffraction in scanning electron microscopy. Geophysical Journal International, Vol. 170, Issue. 2, p. 545.

    BOYD, D. A. EL-NAGGAR, M. Y. and GOODWIN, D. G. 2006. IN SITUMEASUREMENTS OF STRESS WITH TEMPERATURE IN THIN FILM PbxBa1 − xTiO3. Integrated Ferroelectrics, Vol. 83, Issue. 1, p. 155.


Characterization of Highly-Oriented Ferroelectric PbxBa1−x TiO3 Thin Films Grown by Metalorganic Chemical Vapor Deposition

  • Mohamed Y. El-Naggar (a1), David A. Boyd (a1) and David G. Goodwin (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 March 2011

PbxBa1−xTiO3 (0.2 ⩽ x ⩽ 1) thin films were deposited on single-crystal MgO as well as amorphous Si3N4/Si substrates using biaxially textured MgO buffer templates, grown by ion beam-assisted deposition (IBAD). The ferroelectric films were stoichiometric and highly oriented, with only (001) and (100) orientations evident in x-ray diffraction (XRD) scans. Films on biaxially textured templates had smaller grains (60 nm average) than those deposited on single-crystal MgO (300 nm average). Electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) has been used to study the microtexture on both types of substrates and the results were consistent with x-ray pole figures and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) micrographs that indicated the presence of 90° domain boundaries, twins, in films deposited on single-crystal MgO substrates. In contrast, films on biaxially textured substrates consisted of small single-domain grains that were either c or a oriented. The surface-sensitive EBSD technique was used to measure the tetragonal tilt angle as well as in-plane and out-of-plane texture. High-temperature x-ray diffraction (HTXRD) of films with 90° domain walls indicated large changes, as much as 60%, in the c and a domain fractions with temperature, while such changes were not observed for PbxBa1−xTiO3 (PBT) films on biaxially textured MgO/Si3N4/Si substrates, which lacked 90° domain boundaries.

Corresponding author
a)Address all correspondence to this author. e-mail:
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

1P. Krulevitch , A.P. Lee , P.B. Ramsey , J.C. Trevino , J. Hamilton and M.A. Northrup : Thin film shape memory alloy microactuators. J. Microelectromech. Syst. 5(4), 270282(1996).

2G. Shirane , S. Hoshino and K. Suzuki : Crystal structures of lead titanate and of lead–barium titanate. J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 5(6), 453455(1950).

4K. Bhattacharya and R.D. James : A theory of thin films of martensitic materials with applications to microactuators. J. Mech. Phys. Solids, 47(3), 531576(1999).

5Y.F. Chen , J.X. Chen , L. Shun , T. Yu , P. Li , N.B. Ming and L.J. Shi : Preparation of epitaxial PbTiO3 thin-films by metalorganic vapor-phase epitaxy under reduced pressure. J. Cryst. Growth 146(1–4), 624629(1995).

6T.W. Kim and S.S. Yom : Microstructural, electrical, and transmittance properties of PbTiO3 films grown on p-InP (100) substrates at low temperature. J. Phys. Chem. Solids 60(7), 935942(1999).

7L. Sun , Y.F. Chen , L. He , C.Z. Ge , T. Yu , M.S. Zhang , N.B. Ming , D.S. Ding and Y.C. Chang : Epitaxial growth of PbTiO3 thin film on (110)NdGaO3 substrate by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition. Z. Phys. B, Condensed Matter 102(4), 479482(1997).

8L. Sun , Y.F. Chen , T. Yu , N.B. Ming , D.S. Ding and Z.H. Lu : (001) Textured PbTiO3 thin films grown on redoping n-Si by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition under reduced pressure. Appl. Phys. A, Mater. Sci. Processing 63(4), 381384(1996).

9Y.S. Yoon , S.S. Yom , T.W. Kim , D.U. Lee and C.O. Kim : Improvement of the crystallinity in PbTiO3 films grown on indium tin oxide-coated glass by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition using the continuous cooling process. Appl. Surf. Sci. 93(4), 285289(1996).

10T. Yu , Y.F. Chen , L. Shun , J.X. Chen and N.B. Ming : Phase-transition of PbTiO3 polycrystalline thin-film prepared by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition on yttrium-stabilized zirconium. Solid State Commun. 96(7), 477480(1995).

11Y. Gao , G. Bai , K.L. Merkle , H.L.M. Chang and D.J. Lam : Effects of substrate orientation and cooling rate on microstructure of PbTiO3 thin-films grown by metal–organic chemical vapor deposition. Thin Solid Films 235(1–2), 8695(1993).

12M. Okada , S. Takai , M. Amemiya and K. Tominaga : Preparation of c -axis-oriented PbTiO3 thin-films by MOCVD under reduced pressure. Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1, Reg. Papers Short Notes Rev. Papers 28(6), 10301034(1989).

13M. Dekeijser , D.M. Deleeuw , P.J. Vanveldhoven , A.E.M. Deveirman , D.G. Neerinck and G.J.M. Dormans : The structure of heteroepitaxial lead titanate layers grown by organometallic chemical vapor deposition. Thin Solid Films 266(2), 157167(1995).

14H. Nakazawa , H. Yamane and T. Hirai : Metalorganic chemical vapor deposition of BaTiO3 films on MgO(100), Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1, Regular Papers Short Notes Rev. Papers 30(9B), 22002203(1991).

15J.M. Zhang , C.P. Beetz and S.B. Krupanidhi : Photoenhanced chemical vapor deposition of BaTiO3. Appl. Phys. Lett. 65(19), 24102412(1994).

16P. Schafer , S. Ritter , R. Ganster , P. Ehrhart , S. Hoffmann and R. Waser : Preparation of (PbxBa1− x)TiO3 thin films by MOCVD using an aerosol-assisted liquid delivery system. Integrated Ferroelectrics 30(1–4), 165173(2000).

17R.T. Brewer , D.A. Boyd , M.Y. El-Naggar , S.W. Boland , Y.B. Park , S.M. Haile , D.G. Goodwin and H.A. Atwater : Growth of biaxially textured BaxPb1− xTiO3 ferroelectric thin films on amorphous Si3N4. J. Appl. Phys. 97 3 2005 (Art. No. 034103).

18C.P. Wang , K.B. Do , M.R. Beasley , T.H. Geballe and R.H. Hammond : Deposition of in-plane textured MgO on amorphous Si3N4 substrates by ion-beam-assisted deposition and comparisons with ion-beam-assisted deposited yttria-stabilized-zirconia. Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(20), 29552957(1997).

19D. Chateigner , H.R. Wenk , A. Patel , M. Todd and D.J. Barber : Analysis of preferred orientations in PST and PZT thin films on various substrates. Integrated Ferroelectrics 19(1–4), 121140(1998).

20C.J. Kim , D.S. Yoon , J.S. Lee , C.G. Choi , W.J. Lee and K. No : Electrical characteristics of (100), (111), and randomly aligned lead–zirconate–titanate thin films. J. Appl. Phys. 76(11), 74787482(1994).

21S. Mansour and R. Vest : The dependence of ferroelectric and fatigue behaviors of PZT films on microstructure and orientation. Integrated Ferroelectrics 1, 5769(1992).

23W.J. Desisto and B.J. Rappoli : Ultraviolet absorption sensors for precursor delivery rate control for metalorganic chemical vapor deposition of multiple component oxide thin films. J. Crystal Growth 191(1–2), 290293(1998).

28G. Burns : Lattice modes in ferroelectric perovskites 2. Pb1−x BaxTiO3 including BaTiO3. Phys. Rev. B 10(5), 19511959(1974).

30W.Y. Hsu and R. Raj : X-ray characterization of the domain-structure of epitaxial lead titanate thin-films on (001)-strontium-titanate. Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(6), 792794(1995).

32S.B. Ren , C.J. Lu , J.S. Liu , H.M. Shen and Y.N. Wang : Size-related ferroelectric-domain-structure transition in a polycrystalline PbTiO3 thin film. Phys. Rev. B 54(20), 1433714340(1996).

33J. Speck and W. Pompe : Domain configurations due to multiple misfit relaxation mechanisms in epitaxial ferroelectric thin films. I. Theory. J. Appl. Phys. 76(1), 466476(1994).

35B.S. Kwak , A. Erbil , J.D. Budai , M.F. Chisholm , L.A. Boatner and B.J. Wilkens : Domain formation and strain relaxation in epitaxial ferroelectric heterostructures. Phys. Rev. B 49(21), 1486514879(1994).

36J. Speck , A. Daykin and A. Seifert : Domain configurations due to multiple misfit relaxation mechanisms in epitaxial ferroelectric thin films. III. Interfacial defects and domain misorientations. J. Appl. Phys. 78(3), 16961706(1995).

37C. Foster , W. Pompe , A. Daykin and J. Speck : Relative coherency strain and phase transformation history in epitaxial ferroelectric thin films. J. Appl. Phys. 79(3), 14051415(1996).

38N. Pertsev and A. Zembilgotov : Energetics and geometry of 90-degree domain structures in epitaxial ferroelectric and ferroelastic films. J. Appl. Phys. 78(10), 61706180(1995).

39N. Pertsev and A. Zembilgotov : Domain populations in epitaxial ferroelectric thin films: Theoretical calculations and comparison with experiment. J. Appl. Phys. 80(11), 64016406(1996).

40S.P. Alpay and A.L. Roytburd : Thermodynamics of polydomain heterostructures. III. Domain stability map. J. Appl. Phys. 83(9), 47144723(1998).

41G. Shirane , S. Hoshino and K. Suzuki : X-ray study of the phase transition in lead titanate. Phys. Rev. 80(6), 11051106(1950).

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Materials Research
  • ISSN: 0884-2914
  • EISSN: 2044-5326
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-materials-research
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *