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Deformation and fracture of mica-containing glass-ceramics in Hertzian contacts

  • Hongda Cai (a1), Stevens Marion A. Kalceff (a1) and Brian R. Lawn (a1)
Abstract

The Hertzian indentation response of a machinable mica-containing glass-ceramic is studied. Relative to the highly brittle base glass from which it is formed, the glass-ceramic shows evidence of considerable “ductility” in its indentation stress-strain response. Section views through the indentation sites reveal a transition from classical cone fracture outside the contact area in the base glass to accumulated subsurface deformation-microfracture in the glass-ceramic. The deformation is attributed to shear-driven sliding at the weak interfaces between the mica flakes and glass matrix. Extensile microcracks initiate at the shear-fault interfaces and propagate into the matrix, ultimately coalescing with neighbors at adjacent mica flakes to effect easy material removal. The faults are subject to strong compressive stresses in the Hertzian field, suggesting that frictional tractions are an important element in the micromechanics. Bend-test measurements on indented specimens show that the glass-ceramic, although weaker than its base glass counterpart, has superior resistance to strength degradation at high contact loads. Implications of the results in relation to microstructural design of glass-ceramics for optimal toughness, strength, and wear and fatigue properties are discussed.

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Journal of Materials Research
  • ISSN: 0884-2914
  • EISSN: 2044-5326
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