Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Polarization reorientation in ferroelectric lead zirconate titanate thin films with electron beams

  • D.B. Li (a1), D.R. Strachan (a2), J.H. Ferris (a1) and D.A. Bonnell (a1)
Abstract

Ferroelectric domain patterning with an electron beam is demonstrated. Polarization of lead zirconate titanate thin films is shown to be reoriented in both positive and negative directions using piezoresponse force and scanning surface potential microscopy. Reorientation of the ferroelectric domains is a response to the electric field generated by an imbalance of electron emission and trapping at the surface. A threshold of 500 μC/cm2 and a saturation of 1500 μC/cm2 were identified. Regardless of beam energy, the polarization is reoriented negatively for beam currents less than 50 pA and positively for beam currents greater than 1 nA.

Copyright
Corresponding author
a) Address all correspondence to this author. e-mail: bonnell@lrsm.upenn.edu
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

1.J.F. Scott , C.A.P. De Araujo : Ferroelectric memories. Science 246, 1400 (1989).

3.S.V. Kalinin , D.A. Bonnell , T. Alvarez , X. Lei , Z. Hu , J.H. Ferris : Atomic polarization and local reactivity on ferroelectric surfaces: A new route toward complex nanostructures. Nano Lett. 2, 589 (2002).

4.S.V. Kalinin , D.A. Bonnell , T. Alvarez , X. Lei , Z. Hu , R. Shao , J.H. Derris : Ferroelectric lithography of multicomponent nanostructures. Adv. Mater. 16, 795 (2004).

5.M. Yamada , N. Nada , M. Saitoh , K. Watanabe : First-order quasi-phase matched LiNbO3 waveguide periodically poled by applying an external field for efficient blue second-harmonic generation. Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 435 (1993).

6.C.H. Ahn , T. Tybell , L. Antognazza , K. Char , R.H. Hammond , M.R. Beasley , O. Fischer , J-M. Triscone : Local, nonvolatile electronic writing of epitaxial Pb(Zr0.52Ti0.48)O3/SrRuO3 heterostructures. Science 276, 1100 (1997).

7.T. Tybell , C.H. Ahn , J-M. Triscone : Control and imaging of ferroelectric domains over large areas with nanometer resolution in atomically smooth epitaxial Pb(Zr0.2Ti0.8)O3 thin films. Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 1454 (1998).

8.J.H. Ferris , D.B. Li , S.V. Kalinin , D.A. Bonnell : Nanoscale domain patterning of zirconate titanate materials using electon beams. Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 774 (2004).

9.M. Yamada , K. Kishima : Fabrication of periodically reversed domain structure for SHG in LiNbO3 by direct electron-beam lithography at room temperature. Electron. Lett. 27, 828 (1991).

10.J. He , S.H. Tang , Y.Q. Qin , P. Dong , H.Z. Zhang , C.H. Kang , W.X. Sun , Z.X. Shen : Two-dimensional structures of ferroelectric domain inversion in LiNbO3 by direct electron-beam lithography. J. Appl. Phys. 93, 9943 (2003).

14.S.V. Kalinin , D.A. Bonnell : Imaging mechanism of piezoresponse force microscopy of ferroelectric surfaces. Phys. Rev. B 65, 125408 (2002).

15.S. Fakhfakh , O. Jbara , M. Belhaj , Z. Fakhfakh , A. Kallel , E.I. Rau : Dynamic investigation of electron trapping and charge decay in electron-irradiated Al2O3 in a scanning electron microscope: Methodology and mechanisms. Nucl. Instrum. Meth. B, 197,114 (2002).

16.R. Renoud , F. Mady , J-P. Ganachaud : Monte Carlo simulation of the charge distribution induced by a high-energy electron beam in an insulating target. Phys. Condens. Matter 14, 231 (2002).

17.J. Cazaux : Some considerations on the electric field induced in insulators by electron bombardment. J. Appl. Phys. 59, 1418 (1986).

18.T. Thome , D. Braga , G. Blaise : Effect of current density on electron beam induced charging in sapphire and yttria-stabilized zirconia. J. Appl. Phys. 95, 2619 (2004).

19.R. Coelho , B. Aladeniz , B. Garros , D. Acroute , P. Mirebeau : Toward a quantitative analysis of the mirror method for characterizing insulation. IEEE Tran. Dielectr. Electr. Insul. 6, 202 (1999).

20.K. Kanaya , S. Okayama : Penetration and energy-loss theory of electrons in solid targets. J. Phys. D 5, 43 (1972).

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Materials Research
  • ISSN: 0884-2914
  • EISSN: 2044-5326
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-materials-research
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords: