Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 150
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Goudeli, Eirini and Pratsinis, Sotiris E. 2016. Gas-phase manufacturing of nanoparticles: Molecular dynamics and mesoscale simulations. Particulate Science and Technology, Vol. 34, Issue. 4, p. 483.

    Güntner, A. T. Pineau, N. J. Chie, D. Krumeich, F. and Pratsinis, S. E. 2016. Selective sensing of isoprene by Ti-doped ZnO for breath diagnostics. J. Mater. Chem. B,

    Güntner, Andreas T. Righettoni, Marco and Pratsinis, Sotiris E. 2016. Selective sensing of NH3 by Si-doped α-MoO3 for breath analysis. Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, Vol. 223, p. 266.

    Joh, Dong Woo Rath, Manasa K. Park, Jin Wan Park, Jeong Hwa Cho, Ki Hyun Lee, Seunghwan Yoon, Kyung Joong Lee, Jong-Ho and Lee, Kang Taek 2016. Sintering behavior and electrochemical performances of nano-sized gadolinium-doped ceria via ammonium carbonate assisted co-precipitation for solid oxide fuel cells. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Vol. 682, p. 188.

    Li, Shuiqing Ren, Yihua Biswas, Pratim and Tse, Stephen D. 2016. Flame aerosol synthesis of nanostructured materials and functional devices: Processing, modeling, and diagnostics. Progress in Energy and Combustion Science, Vol. 55, p. 1.

    Rosebrock, Christopher D. Wriedt, Thomas Mädler, Lutz and Wegner, Karsten 2016. The role of microexplosions in flame spray synthesis for homogeneous nanopowders from low-cost metal precursors. AIChE Journal, Vol. 62, Issue. 2, p. 381.

    Venugopal, Meenu Saravana Kumar, S. Nissamudeen, K. M. and Padma Kumar, H. 2016. Optical and dielectric characterisation of Ceria nanocrystals synthesized by an auto-igniting combustion technique. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics,

    Wang, Feng Büchel, Robert Savitsky, Anton Zalibera, Michal Widmann, Daniel Pratsinis, Sotiris E. Lubitz, Wolfgang and Schüth, Ferdi 2016. In Situ EPR Study of the Redox Properties of CuO–CeO2Catalysts for Preferential CO Oxidation (PROX). ACS Catalysis, Vol. 6, Issue. 6, p. 3520.

    Wu, Ke Sun, Ling-Dong and Yan, Chun-Hua 2016. Recent Progress in Well-Controlled Synthesis of Ceria-Based Nanocatalysts towards Enhanced Catalytic Performance. Advanced Energy Materials,

    Cavusoglu, Gülperi Miao, Dengyun Lichtenberg, Henning Carvalho, Hudson W.P. Xu, Hengyong Goldbach, Andreas and Grunwaldt, Jan-Dierk 2015. Structure and activity of flame made ceria supported Rh and Pt water gas shift catalysts. Applied Catalysis A: General, Vol. 504, p. 381.

    Dreyer, Jochen A.H. Grossmann, Henrike K. Chen, Jinfan Grieb, Tim Gong, Bill B. Sit, Patrick H.-L. Mädler, Lutz and Teoh, Wey Yang 2015. Preferential oxidation of carbon monoxide over Pt–FeOx/CeO2 synthesized by two-nozzle flame spray pyrolysis. Journal of Catalysis, Vol. 329, p. 248.

    Fajzulin, Igor Zhu, Xiaomin and Möller, Martin 2015. Nanoparticulate inorganic UV absorbers: a review. Journal of Coatings Technology and Research, Vol. 12, Issue. 4, p. 617.

    Fan, Xiao Wan, Jun Liu, Enzhou Sun, Lin Hu, Yang Li, Hua Hu, Xiaoyun and Fan, Jun 2015. High-efficiency photoelectrocatalytic hydrogen generation enabled by Ag deposited and Ce doped TiO2 nanotube arrays. Ceramics International, Vol. 41, Issue. 3, p. 5107.

    Koirala, Rajesh Buechel, Robert Krumeich, Frank Pratsinis, Sotiris E. and Baiker, Alfons 2015. Oxidative Dehydrogenation of Ethane with CO2over Flame-Made Ga-Loaded TiO2. ACS Catalysis, Vol. 5, Issue. 2, p. 690.

    Lovell, Emma Scott, Jason and Amal, Rose 2015. Ni-SiO2 Catalysts for the Carbon Dioxide Reforming of Methane: Varying Support Properties by Flame Spray Pyrolysis. Molecules, Vol. 20, Issue. 3, p. 4594.

    Mathey, Laurent Paul, Mitali Copéret, Christophe Tsurugi, Hayato and Mashima, Kazushi 2015. Cerium(IV) Hexanuclear Clusters from Cerium(III) Precursors: Molecular Models for Oxidative Growth of Ceria Nanoparticles. Chemistry - A European Journal, Vol. 21, Issue. 38, p. 13454.

    Schwabe, Franziska Tanner, Simon Schulin, Rainer Rotzetter, Aline Stark, Wendelin von Quadt, Albrecht and Nowack, Bernd 2015. Dissolved cerium contributes to uptake of Ce in the presence of differently sized CeO2-nanoparticles by three crop plants. Metallomics, Vol. 7, Issue. 3, p. 466.

    Teoh, Wey Yang Doronkin, Dmitry E. Beh, Gein Khai Dreyer, Jochen A.H. and Grunwaldt, Jan-Dierk 2015. Methanation of carbon monoxide over promoted flame-synthesized cobalt clusters stabilized in zirconia matrix. Journal of Catalysis, Vol. 326, p. 182.

    Wang, Yang Liu, Pai Fang, Jiaxi Wang, Wei-Ning and Biswas, Pratim 2015. Kinetics of sub-2 nm TiO2 particle formation in an aerosol reactor during thermal decomposition of titanium tetraisopropoxide. Journal of Nanoparticle Research, Vol. 17, Issue. 3,

    Weise, C. Menser, J. Kaiser, S.A. Kempf, A. and Wlokas, I. 2015. Numerical investigation of the process steps in a spray flame reactor for nanoparticle synthesis. Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, Vol. 35, Issue. 2, p. 2259.


Flame-made Ceria Nanoparticles

  • L. Mädler (a1), W. J. Stark (a1) and S. E. Pratsinis (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 January 2011

Flame spray pyrolysis (FSP) has been used to synthesize high-surface-area ceria from cerium acetate in acetic acid solution. With the addition of an iso-octane/2-butanol mixture to that solution, homogeneous CeO2 nanoparticles were obtained. The specific surface area of the powders ranged from 240 to 101 m2/g by controlling the oxygen dispersion and liquid precursor flow rates through the flame. Furthermore, for production rates from 2 to 10 g/h a constant average primary particle size could be obtained at selected process parameters. The ceria showed high crystallinity and primary particles with a stepped surface. The powder exhibited good thermal stability and conserved up to 40% of its initial specific surface area when calcinated for 2 h at 900 °C. This shows the potential of FSP made ceria for high-temperature applications as in three-way catalysts or fuel cells.

Corresponding author
a)Address all correspondence to this author. e-mail:
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

1.A. Trovarelli , Catal. Rev. Sci. Eng. 38, 439 (1996).

2.A. Trovarelli , F. Zamar , J. Llorca , C. deLeitenburg , G. Dolcetti , and J.T. Kiss , J. Catal. 169, 490 (1997).

3.B. Djuricic and S. Pickering , J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 19, 1925 (1999).

4.L.A. Bruce , M. Hoang , A.E. Hughes , and T.W. Turney , Appl. Catal., A 134, 351 (1996).

5.M. Hirano and M. Inagaki , J. Mater. Chem. 10, 473 (2000).

6.Y. Hakuta , S. Onai , H. Terayama , T. Adschiri , and K. Arai , J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 17, 1211 (1998).

7.A. Martinez-Arias , M. Fernandez-Garcia , V. Ballesteros , L.N. Salamanca , J.C. Conesa , C. Otero , and J. Soria , Langmuir 15, 4796 (1999).

8.T. Masui , K. Fujiwara , Y.M. Peng , T. Sakata , K. Machida , H. Mori , and G. Adachi , J. Alloy. Compd. 269, 116 (1998).

9.D. Terribile , A. Trovarelli , J. Llorca , C. deLeitenburg , and G. Dolcetti , J. Catal. 178, 299 (1998).

10.V. Perrichon , A. Laachir , S. Abouarnadasse , O. Touret , and G. Blanchard , Appl. Catal., A 129, 69 (1995).

11.J. Kaspar , P. Fornasiero , and M. Graziani , Catal. Today 50, 285 (1999).

12.S.E. Pratsinis , Prog. Energy Combust. 24, 197 (1998).

14.M. Suzuki , M. Kagawa , Y. Syono , and T. Hirai , J. Mater. Sci. 27, 679 (1992).

15.N. Guillou , L.C. Nistor , H. Fuess , and H. Hahn , Nanostruct. Mater. 8, 545 (1997).

16.A. Tscho¨pe and J.Y. Ying , Nanostruct. Mater. 4, 617 (1994).

17.M. Sokolowski , A. Sokolowska , A. Michalski , and B. Gokieli , J. Aerosol Sci. 8, 219 (1977).

20.L. Ma¨dler , H.K. Kammler , R. Mueller , and S.E. Pratsinis , J. Aerosol Sci. 33, 369 (2002).

21.A. Kilian and T.F. Morse , Aerosol Sci. Technol. 34, 227 (2001).

22.M. Wolcyrz and L. Kepinski , J. Solid State Chem. 99, 409 (1992).

23.R.W. Cheary and A. Coelho , J. Appl. Crystallogr. 25, 109 (1992).

24.R.W. Cheary and A.A. Coelho , J. Appl. Crystallogr. 31, 851 (1998).

25.A.N. Karpetis and A. Gomez , Combust. Flame 121, 1 (2000).

27.S.E. Pratsinis , W.H. Zhu , and S. Vemury , Powder Technol. 86, 87 (1996).

28.W.J. Stark , S.E. Pratsinis , and A. Baiker , J. Catal. 203, 516 (2001).

29.H. Briesen , A. Fuhrmann , and S.E. Pratsinis , Chem. Eng. Sci. 53, 4105 (1998).

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Materials Research
  • ISSN: 0884-2914
  • EISSN: 2044-5326
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-materials-research
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *