Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa

The kinetics and microstructural evolution during metadynamic recrystallization of medium carbon Cr–Ni–Mo alloyed steel

  • Chi Zhang (a1), Liwen Zhang (a2), Wenfei Shen (a2) and Yingnan Xia (a2)

The metadynamic recrystallization (MDRX) behavior of a medium carbon Cr–Ni–Mo alloyed steel 34CrNiMo was investigated using two-stage hot compression test on a Gleeble thermal-mechanical simulator in the temperature range of 1273–1423 K, strain rate range of 0.1–5.0 s−1, and interval times of 0.5–5 s. The softening of the flow stress at the second stage of compression and microstructure observation confirm the occurrence of MDRX at the elevated temperatures within very short interval time. Then the MDRX softening fraction was calculated based on the flow stress curves. The results indicate that the MDRX softening fraction increased with increasing interval time, deformation temperature, and strain rate. The kinetics of MDRX softening behavior was established using Avrami equation and the apparent activation energy of MDRX for 34CrNiMo steel was evaluated as 93 kJ/mol. The predicted results show good agreements with the experimental ones, indicating the efficiency of proposed kinetics equation.

Corresponding author
a) Address all correspondence to this author. e-mail:
Hide All

Contributing Editor: Jürgen Eckert

Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

X. Jin , Y. Rong , and X. Zhong : Wind turbine manufacturing industry in China: Current situation and problems. Renewable Sustainable Energy Rev. 33, 729 (2014).

N-C. Tsai and C-W. Chiang : Spindle position regulation for wind power generators. Mech Syst Signal Process. 24(3), 873 (2010).

C. Zhang , L. Zhang , W. Shen , C. Liu , Y. Xia , and R. Li : Study on constitutive modeling and processing maps for hot deformation of medium carbon Cr–Ni–Mo alloyed steel. Mater. Des. 90, 804 (2016).

T. Sakai , M. Ohashi , K. Chiba , and J.J. Jonas : Recovery and recrystallization of polycrystalline nickel after hot working. Acta Metall. 36(7), 1781 (1988).

R.A. Petkovic , M.J. Luton , and J.J. Jonas : Recovery and recrystallization of carbon steel between intervals of hot working. Can. Metall. Q. 14(2), 137 (1975).

A.M. Elwazri , E. Essadiqi , and S. Yue : Kinetics of metadynamic recrystallization in microalloyed hypereutectoid steels. ISIJ Int. 44(4), 744 (2004).

P. Uranga , A.I. Fernández , B. López , and J.M. Rodriguez-Ibabe : Transition between static and metadynamic recrystallization kinetics in coarse Nb microalloyed austenite. Mater. Sci. Eng., A 345(1–2), 319 (2003).

A.M. Elwazri , P. Wanjara , and S. Yue : Metadynamic and static recrystallization of hypereutectoid steel. ISIJ Int. 43(7), 1080 (2003).

Y.C. Lin , M.S. Chen , and J. Zhong : Study of metadynamic recrystallization behaviors in a low alloy steel. J. Mater. Process. Technol. 209(5), 2477 (2009).

Y.C. Lin and M.S. Chen : Study of microstructural evolution during metadynamic recrystallization in a low-alloy steel. Mater. Sci. Eng., A 501(1–2), 229 (2009).

Y.G. Liu , J. Liu , M.Q. Li , and H. Lin : The study on kinetics of static recrystallization in the two-stage isothermal compression of 300M steel. Comput. Mater. Sci. 84(0), 115 (2014).

Y.G. Liu , M.Q. Li , and J. Luo : The modelling of dynamic recrystallization in the isothermal compression of 300M steel. Mater. Sci. Eng., A 574, 1 (2013).

J. Liu , Y.G. Liu , H. Lin , and M.Q. Li : The metadynamic recrystallization in the two-stage isothermal compression of 300M steel. Mater. Sci. Eng., A 565(0), 126 (2013).

F. Chen , Z. Cui , D. Sui , and B. Fu : Recrystallization of 30Cr2Ni4MoV ultra-super-critical rotor steel during hot deformation. Part III: Metadynamic recrystallization. Mater. Sci. Eng., A 540(0), 46 (2012).

S.C. Medeiros , Y.V.R.K. Prasad , W.G. Frazier , and R. Srinivasan : Microstructural modeling of metadynamic recrystallization in hot working of IN 718 superalloy. Mater. Sci. Eng., A 293(1–2), 198 (2000).

J.H. Bianchi and L.P. Karjalainen : Modelling of dynamic and metadynamic recrystallisation during bar rolling of a medium carbon spring steel. J. Mater. Process. Technol. 160(3), 267 (2005).

L.X. Zhou and T.N. Baker : Effects on dynamic and metadynamic recrystallization on microstructures of wrought IN-718 due to hot deformation. Mater. Sci. Eng., A 196(1–2), 89 (1995).

C. Zhang , L. Zhang , W. Shen , C. Liu , and Y. Xia : The kinetics of metadynamic recrystallization in a Ni–Cr–Mo-based superalloy Hastelloy C-276. J. Mater. Eng. Perform. 25(2), 545 (2016).

C. Zhang , L. Zhang , Q. Xu , Y. Xia , and W. Shen : The kinetics and cellular automaton modeling of dynamic recrystallization behavior of a medium carbon Cr–Ni–Mo alloyed steel in hot working process. Mater. Sci. Eng., A 678, 33 (2016).

T. Sakai , A. Belyakov , R. Kaibyshev , H. Miura , and J.J. Jonas : Dynamic and post-dynamic recrystallization under hot, cold and severe plastic deformation conditions. Prog. Mater. Sci. 60(0), 130 (2014).

Y.C. Lin , L.T. Li , and Y.C. Xia : A new method to predict the metadynamic recrystallization behavior in 2124 aluminum alloy. Comput. Mater. Sci. 50(7), 2038 (2011).

A. Laasraoui and J.J. Jonas : Recrystallization of austenite after deformation at high temperatures and strain rates—analysis and modeling. Metall. Trans. A 22(1), 151 (1991).

C. Roucoules , S. Yue , and J.J. Jonas : Effect of alloying elements on metadynamic recrystallization in HSLA steels. Metall. Mater. Trans. A 26(1), 181 (1995).

Y.C. Lin , X-M. Chen , M-S. Chen , Y. Zhou , D-X. Wen , and D-G. He : A new method to predict the metadynamic recrystallization behavior in a typical nickel-based superalloy. Appl. Phys. A: Mater. Sci. Process. 122(6), 601 (2016).

G. Shen , S.L. Semiatin , and R. Shivpuri : Modeling microstructural development during the forging of Waspaloy. Metall. Mater. Trans. A 26(7), 1795 (1995).

S.H. Zahiri , S.M. Byon , S-I. Kim , Y. Lee , and P.D. Hodgson : Static and metadynamic recrystallization of interstitial free steels during hot deformation. ISIJ Int. 44(11), 1918 (2004).

A. Dehghan-Manshadi , J.J. Jonas , P.D. Hodgson , and M.R. Barnett : Correlation between the deformation and post-deformation softening behaviours in hot worked austenite. ISIJ Int. 48(2), 208 (2008).

C.M. Sellars and J.A. Whiteman : Recrystallization and grain growth in hot rolling. Met. Sci. 13(3–4), 187 (1979).

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of Materials Research
  • ISSN: 0884-2914
  • EISSN: 2044-5326
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-materials-research
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *



Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 1
Total number of PDF views: 32 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 142 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 14th March 2017 - 22nd August 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.